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Nancy Pelosi, the Democratic leader of the U.S. House of Representatives, presented the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History with historic objects related to the Jan. 4, 2007, ceremony during which she was sworn in as the 52nd Speaker of the House—the first woman to hold that office. This donation is the first in an expanded effort to document women in American politics.
Pelosi’s donation enhances the growing collection of artifacts highlighting the role of women in American history. The collection includes objects representing other important women’s “firsts”—Sally Ride’s space suit, from the National Air and Space Museum; Marian Anderson’s ensemble worn for her 1939 concert at the Lincoln Memorial, from the National Museum of African American History and Culture; and Sandra Day O’Connor’s Supreme Court robe and a uniform worn by Brig. Gen. Anna Mae Hays, chief of the Army Nurse Corps, both from the National Museum of American History. These objects were on display in Flag Hall during the ceremony.
In addition to the wooden gavel she received that day, Pelosi donated the burgundy suit she wore and the original copy of the speech she gave that morning. “Gavels are icons of power and authority, and in politics, the power they symbolize is both ceremonial and real,” said Lisa Kathleen Graddy, curator of political history at the National Museum of American History.
The artifacts will join the museum’s political history collection. There are no immediate plans to display them. Other gavels in the collection include those used by former Speakers of the House, by the first women to chair the Republican and Democratic Presidential nominating conventions and by Susan B. Anthony, who wielded power, authority and gavels long before women held national elected office. Other speakers at the ceremony included House Republican Conference Chair Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.), Rep. Doris Matsui (D-Calif.) and Judy Woodruff, anchor and managing editor of PBS NewsHour.
“As we celebrate Women’s History Month, I’m grateful to the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History for commemorating the trailblazers who came before us by sharing their stories,” McMorris Rodgers said. “We have so much to learn from our history of women empowering other women to seize opportunities and to live their dreams. I congratulate my colleague Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi for her dedicated service and for her contribution of personal objects to the Smithsonian. Visitors for generations to come will now have the opportunity to hear the story of America’s first woman Speaker of the House.”
Smithsonian American Women’s History Initiative
During the event in the museum’s Flag Hall, Smithsonian Secretary David Skorton introduced the planning phase for the Smithsonian American Women’s History Initiative, which will highlight women’s contributions and accomplishments.
“Women’s history is American history,” Skorton said. “With this initiative, we at the Smithsonian are fully committed to amplifying the voices of women and sharing their remarkable contributions to the history of the United States with the world. We are now in the planning phase for the initiative, gathering input for this important effort.” An announcement of the details of the initiative is planned for later this year.
Background on Nancy Pelosi
Pelosi served as the 52nd Speaker of the House until 2011. As Speaker, she attained the highest rank of any female politician in American history. Politics runs in Pelosi’s family; her father and brother served as mayor of her hometown, Baltimore. Her political career began when she became a representative for the 8th Congressional District of California, which includes San Francisco. Since then, she has served on the Appropriations Committee and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and became the first woman to serve as the Democratic leader of the House and then Speaker.
In her speech the day she became Madam Speaker, Pelosi discussed the historical importance of being the first woman to hold the position of Speaker.
“This is a historic moment—for the Congress and for the women of this country,” Pelosi said. “It is a moment for which we have waited more than 200 years. Never losing faith, we waited through the many years of struggle to achieve our rights. But women weren’t just waiting; women were working. Never losing faith, we worked to redeem the promise of America, that all men and women are created equal. For our daughters and granddaughters, today we have broken the marble ceiling. For our daughters and our granddaughters, the sky is the limit, anything is possible for them.”
National Museum of American History
Through incomparable collections, rigorous research and dynamic public outreach, the National Museum of American History explores the infinite richness and complexity of American history. It helps people understand the past in order to make sense of the present and shape a more humane future. The museum is located on Constitution Avenue N.W., between 12th and 14th streets, and is open daily from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. (closed Dec. 25). Admission is free. For more information, visit http://americanhistory.si.edu. For Smithsonian information, the public may call (202) 633-1000.
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