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Hardware Obsolescence

"Art In the Age of Obsolescence: Rescuing an Artwork from Crumbling Technologies" by Ben Fino-Radin. 2016. Article.
Ben Fino-Radin chronicles the porting of Teiji Furuhashi’s complex time-based media artwork, Lovers, to modern supports. The work’s original instantiation comprises 35 mm slides, LaserDisc analog video images, and computer-controlled projectors, and Ben Fino-Radin and Museum of Modern Art consultants worked to create an instantiation using new hardware and software.

"Overcoming Obsolescence: The Examination, Documentation, and Preservation of Nam June Paik’s TV Cello" by Lisa Conte, Christine Frohnert, Lisa Nelson, and Julia Sybalsky. 2012. Article.
Case study of a Nam June Paik three-channel analog video sculptural installation, held by the Emily Harvey Foundation. Specific attention paid to: CRT vs. LCD display iterations; differences between analog video source signals and divergent copy formats thereof; playback hardware obsolescence; and the importance of conservation documentation.

"Shifting Equipment Significance in Time-Based Media Art" by Joanna Phillips. 2012. Article.
Three artworks are considered from the perspective of hardware variability: the interactive audio installation Random Access (1963/1999) by Nam June Paik; Marina Abramovic’s five-channel video sculpture Cleaning the Mirror I (1995); and, Paul Chan’s flash-animated projection 6th Light (2007). Hardware variability is investigated with regards to: artwork-specific dedicated equipment; CRT and flat-screen video display screens; and LCD and DLP video projector models. Variability potentiality is considered and justification rubrics employed.

"The Management of Display Equipment in Time-based Media Installations" by Pip Laurenson. 2005. Article.
Early article investigating the vulnerabilities of display equipment in time-based media art works and implications for collections care.

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