Bristol-Myers Squibb European Apothecary References

Archives and Museums:

Madison, Wisconsin. American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, Kremers Reference Files. 

Washington, D.C. Smithsonian Institution Archives. Papers of the Division of Medicine and Science.

Washington, D.C. Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of American History, Division of Medicine and Science, Office of the Registrar. Accession files, no. 1991.0664.

Bristol-Myers Squibb Archives, Headquarters, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, New Jersey.   

Apothecary Jars:

Boger, Louise Ade   The Dictionary of World Pottery and Porcelain. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1971.

Dray, Rudolf E. A. Apothecary Jars: Pharmaceutical Pottery and Porcelain in Europe and the East 1150-1850. London: Faber and Faber, 1978.

Griffenhagen, George and Mary Bogard.  History of Drug Containers and Their Labels. Madison, Wisconsin: American Institute for the History of Pharmacy, 1999.

von Saldern, Axel. German Enamel Glass: The Edwin J. Beinecke Collection and Related Pieces. Corning, New York: The Corning Museum of Glass, 1965.

Watson, Wendy M. Italian Renaissance Majolica from the William A. Clark Collection. London: Scala Books Ltd., 1986.


Hein, Wolfgang-Hagen. “Jo Mayer: About a Historical Pharmaceutical Collector and his Collection.” Translated by Stuart Law. Beitrage zur Geschichte der Pharmazie, n.d. 

Urdang, George.  “The Part of the Jews in Germany Pharmacy”. St. Johns University College of Pharmacy. Rope News, no.1 (December 1939).


Carey, Eben J., Sc.D., M.D., A Century of Progress: Medical Science Exhibits. Chicago:  A Century of Progress, 1934.

“A Century of Progress, The International Exposition of 1933, Rules and Regulations for Exhibitors,” Chicago: A Century of Progress, 1931.

E.R. Squibb & Sons, Let Us Go Forward.  Promotional Material (1933)


Danforth, Ellen Zak. A Catalog of Nested Cup Weights in the Edward Streeter Collection of Weights and Measures. Hamden, Connecticut: The Connecticut Academy for Arts and Sciences, 1988.

Disney, Alfred N., Cyrill F. Hill, and Wilfred E. Watson Baker. Origin and Development of the Microscope: An Illustrated Catalogue. London: The Royal Microscopical Society, 1928.

Eklund, Jon. The Incomplete Chemist: Being an Essay on the Eighteenth Century Chemist in His Laboratory, With a Dictionary of Obsolete Chemical Terms of the Period. Washington, DC:  Smithsonian Institution Press, 1975.

Forbes, Robert James. A Short History of the Art of distillation: From the Beginnings up to the Death of Cellier Blumenthal. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1970.  

Huwer, Elizabeth. Das Deutsche Apotheken-Museum: Schatze aus zwei Jahr Jahrtausenden Kultur-und Pharmaziegeschichte, Regensburg: Schnell & Steiner, 2008.

Pearce, Susan M. Museums, Objects and Collections: A Cultural Study. Washington, D.C: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Shonnedecker, Glenn, Kremers and Urdang’s History of Pharmacy. Philadelphia: 

J. P. Lippincott Company, 4th edition, 1976.   

Smithsonian Institution, Annual Reports, 1944-1946. Division of Medicine and Public Health, U.S. Government Printing Office.   

Urdang, George, “The Development of the Pharmaceutico-Historical Movement.” Unpublished manuscript. 15 pages.

Urdang, George and F. W. Nitardy, “The Squibb Ancient Pharmacy.” Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association XXVIII, no. 12, (December 1939): 1055-1060.

Urdang, George and F. W. Nitardy. The Squibb Ancient Pharmacy: A Catalogue of the Collection. New York: E.R. Squibb & Sons, 1940. 

Wendt, Diane and Eric Jentsch, “The Pharmacy Collections.” Caduceus 13, no.3 (Winter 1997): 33-42.


Crellin, J. K. and D.A. Hutton. “V. Comminution and English Bell-Metal Mortars c. 1300-1850.” Medical History, XVII, no. 3, (July 1973): 266-287.

Ferchl, Fritz, “The Mortars in the Collection of Dr. Jo Mayer Wiesbaden.” (Translated at E. R. Squibb & Company) Pharmazeutische Zeitung, (January 4, 1930). 

Lothian, Agnes. “Some English Bell Founders and their Mortars.” The Chemist and Druggist, (June 1985): 705-711.

Paintings and Prints:

Ferchl, Fritz. “Portraits and Paintings in the Collection of Jo Mayer, Wiesbaden.” (Translated at E. R. Squibb and Company) Pharmazeutische Zeitung (March 8, 1930)

Saint Jerome in His Study by Joos van Cleve” John Oliver Hand in A Tribute to Robert A. Koch: Studies in the Northern Renaissance, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994


Crellin, John K. and Jane Philpott. Herbal Medicine Past and Present: Volume II, A Reference Guide to Medicinal Plants. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1990.

Estes, J. Worth. Dictionary of Protopharmacology: Therapeutic Practices 1700-1850. Canton, Massachusetts: Science History Publications, 1990. 

Freedman, Paul. Out of the East: Spices and the Medieval Imagination. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.

Freeman, Margaret B.  Herbs for the Mediaeval Household: for Cooking, Healing and Divers Uses. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1943.

Young, Anne Mortimer. Antique Medicine Chests. Brighton, England: Vernier Press, 1994. 

Prescription Labels:

Convoy, Mary Schaeffer. “Pharmacy in Pre-Soviet Russia” History of Pharmacy 27, no.3 (1985): 128.

Long, Robert P. Package Printing. Garden City, New York: Graphic Magazines Inc. (1964).