Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962

images for Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
- The Ernst Herzfeld collection description is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's own publications, on handwritten captions from his original field research material, on FSg Archives accession documents for the Ernst Herzfeld Papers, on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, and finally on relevant scholars' publications and articles.
Microfiche available at the Freer Gallery of Art Library.
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Finding aid, based on Joseph M. Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, 1974, is available in the Archives Department and on Internet http://www.asia.si.edu/archives/finding_aids/herzfeld.html#series7Index
It was his friend and colleague, Richard Ettinghausen, then curator of Near Eastern art at the Freer Gallery of Art, who encouraged Ernst Herzfeld to donate his papers to the Smithsonian Institution. Since the original gift in 1946, there have been a number of significant additions. Herzfeld's sister, Charlotte Bradford, arranged for several donations to be made from the estate in 1950 and 1951, and, at her request, papers left by Herzfeld in Cairo were given to the Freer Gallery by Prof. Murad Kamil of Fuad I University in 1952. After extensive investigation, Herzfeld's final edited manuscript of "The Persian Empire", thought to have been lost, was discovered and given to the Freer Gallery in 1965 by the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology in Cairo. Finally, an old friend, the numismatist George C. Miles, added substantially to the papers in 1960 and 1970.
Organization
The collection is organized into eight series: Series 1: Travel journals; Series 2: Sketchbooks; Series 3: Notebooks; Series 4: Photographic files; Series 5: Drawings and maps; Series 6: Paper Squeezes; Series 7: Samarra Expedition; and Series 8: Archaeological Artifacts
Summary
The Papers primarly relate to Herzfeld's survey of the monuments, artifacts, and inscriptions of Western Asia between 1903 and 1947 and particularly to his excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), Paikuli (Iraq), Pasargadae (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), Samarra (Iraq), and Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), as well as various archaeological expeditions throughout Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Northern Syria, and Persia. Additional research materials, probably collected by Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim but preserved by Ernst Herzfeld, were part of a broader project, that of Max van Berchem's "Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum." Much of the research material he accumulated during this time was used in preparation for his nearly two hundred books, articles, and lectures.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel journals, 1905-1928" is composed of eight travel journals: 1) FSA A.6 01.01 provides first an account of a trip (October 25 to November 19, 1928) to Khurramabad in which Herzfeld accompanied Reza Shah, and second an account of a trip (February 17 to March 19, 1929) from Tehran to Kuh-e Khwaja; 2) FSA A.6 01.02 provides an account of a trip (September 2 to November 18, 1905) from Assur to Shiraz ("Von Kalat Schergat nach Schiraz, 1905"); 3); FSA A.6 01.03 provides an account of a trip (November 23 to January 03, 1906) from Shiraz to Constantinople ("Von Schiraz nach Teheran und Constantinopel, 1905"); 4) FSA A.6 01.04 provides an account of a trip (February 14 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin to Pasargadae ("Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923"); 5) FSA A.6 01.05 provides an account of a trip (November 15, 1923 to April 30, 1924) from Pasargadae to bushire ("Tagebuch. Persien II, 1923-1924"); 6) FSA A.6 01.06 provides an account of a trip (December 1, 1923 to March 21, 1924) from Kabul (Afghanistan) to Mashhad (Iran) ("Afghanistan -Ostpersien I, 1924-1925"); 7) FSA A.6 01.07 provides first an account of a roundtrip (June 3 to June 29, 1911) Samarra - Sulaimaniya, and second an account of a trip (September 12 to September 19, 1911) from Balad (Iraq) to Seleucia - Ctesiphon ("Samarra Tagebuch 2, Reise nach Sulaymānīyah und nach Ktesiphon Baghdad"); 8) FSA A.6 01.08 provides an account of a trip (July 8 to August 27, 1913) from Samarra to Asadabad (Hamadan, Iran) ("Tagebuch der Rückreise von Samarra 1913").
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks, 1923-1931" is organized into thirteen subseries: 1) FSA A.6 02.01 covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924; 2) FSA A.6 02.02 provides a view of Pasargadae where Herzfeld formal excavations occupied twenty-eight days in April and May 1928; 3) FSA A.6 02.03 in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in Persia from February 1923 to the end of October 1925; 4) FSA A.6 02.04 in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in Persia from February 1923 to the end of October 1925; 5) FSA A.6 02.05 provides records of Herzfeld's observations related to Isfahan (Iran), Kerman (Iran), Na'in (Iran), and Saweh (Iran); 6) FSA A.6 02.06 provides records of Herzfeld's observations during a campaign of excavation at Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran) and Sistan (Iran), carried out in February and March 1929; 7) FSA A.6 02.07 covers the field activities of the Persepolis Expedition, including excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and the terrace complex of Persepolis (Iran); 8) FSA A.6 02.08 records Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains related to Split (Croatia); 9) FSA A.6 02.09 provides records of measurements for topographical maps related to Firuzabad (Iran), Khurha (Iran), Pasargadae (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and Persepolis (Iran); 10) FSA A.6 02.10 provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains and prehistoric artifacts related to Nineveh (Iraq), Ur (Iraq), Samarra (Iraq), Hamadan (Iran), Harsin (Iran), Kermanshah (Iran), and Shiraz (Iran); 11) FSA A.6 02.11 provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs, some from the Hahn Collection; 12) FSA A.6 02.12 provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, reliefs and inscriptions, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs related to several archaeological sites in Persia and Mesopotamia, as well as to the prehistoric mound of Tepe Giyan (Iran) in particular; 13) FSA A.6 02.13 provides records of Herzfeld's observations on inscriptions, archaeological remains, architecture, and decorative motifs related to Aleppo (Syria), Damascus (Syria), Hama (Syria), Hims (Syria), and Ma'arat al-Nu'man (Syria).
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks" is composed of 131 folders including a large variety of locations, names, topics, genres, and languages. As of today, only four inventories of objects (ledgers) have been digitized and are available online: 1) FSA A.6 03.089 provides an inventory of objects collected or acquired in several cities throughout Mesopotamia and Persia in 1923 and 1924; 2) FSA A.6 03.090 provides an abbreviated and corrected version of FSA A.6 03.089 as well as a continuation of FSA A.6 03.091; 3) FSA A.6 03.091 provides a continuation of FSA A.6 03.089, to which Herzfeld added an inventory of objects collected or acquired in several cities throughout Persia in 1926 and 1927, 1929, and finally 1932 and 1933; 4) FSA A.6 03.092 comprises a finds journal from the excavation of Pasargadae in 1928 as well as a random inventory of Near Eastern prehistoric objects.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files" contains 3,890 glass negatives, chronogically numbered from 1 to 5,066, which were originally stored in wooden boxes of 50 photographs each. Of most of these, Herzfeld had blueprints made which he arranged in 16 binders irrespective of the number on the negative. In addition to the 16 blueprint binders, Herzfeld assembled 5 albums including two from the Samarra series labelled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II." The remainder of the photographs, many given by Herzfeld's sister to George Miles and later donated to the Freer Gallery of Art, from glass negatives and from cut films, sometimes identified by Herzfeld, were printed en masse for study purpose (labelled by Upton as duplicate prints) and which are, for the most part, unpublished. For his own research, Herzfeld also collected prints from many sources. Of those there are no negatives. Finally, in early 1970s, Joseph Upton reorganized the whole Herzfeld collection of photographic prints into 42 photographic files, assembling 10 additional files in excess of the 24 existing files arranged by Herzfeld himself. The eight remaining files, File 35 to File 42, are made of duplicate prints provided by the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 5: Drawings and Maps" comprises 1,562 drawings and 70 maps, published and unpublished, with observations on topography, landscape, archaeological remains, architecture, and artifacts.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions" is organized into three subdivisions: FSA A.6 06.A, 100 items, inscriptions in Arabic language; FSA A.6 06.C, 129 items, inscriptions in Cuneiform writing; FSA A.6 06.M, 164 items, Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions. The paper squeezes relate primarly to several archaeological expeditions carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in the Middle East, from 1908 to 1934; to a trial excavation and an excavation campaign carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in Persepolis and several nearby sites, from 1923 to 1934; and to three expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911, 1913, and 1923.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions" is organized into 15 units of original materials (drawings, sketches, sketchbooks, correspondence, notebooks, photographs, blueprints, notes, diaries, prints, journals, publications, articles, clippings, rubbings) from two campaigns of excavation at Samarra in Iraq, carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 8: Archaeological Artifacts" contains 101 numbered objects, ranging from H1 to H101, and 3 unnumbered artifacts. The numbers are those painted in red on the objects when they were listed by Dr. Richard Ettinghausen. The medium of these artifacts comprises metal (8), wood (10), stone (4), pottery (60), glass (6), stucco (4), bone or ivory (8), painted plaster (1). As stated in Herzfeld's Statement of Gift to Dr. Wetmore, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, the artifacts were considered as library and study material only. They were finally transferred to the Freer Study Collection in February, 14, 1984."
Publications
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1907: "Samarra, Aufnahmen und Untersuchungen zur Islamischen Archaeologie. Behrend & Co, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1910: "Iranische felsreliefs; aufnahmen und untersuchungen von denkmälern aus alt- und mittelpersischer zeit. Berlin, E. Wasmuth A.-G."
Herzfeld, Ernst and Sarre, Friedrich, 1911: "Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet, Band I. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer / Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst and Sarre, Friedrich, 1911: "Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet, Band III. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer / Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1912: "Erster Vorläufiger Bericht über die Ausgrabungen von Samarra. Dietrich Reimer (Ernst Vohsen), Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1914: "Die Aufnahme des Sasanidischen Denkmals von Paikuli. Verlag der Konigl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst and Sarre, Friedrich, 1920: "Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet, Band II. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer / Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst and Sarre, Friedrich, 1920: "Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet, Band IV. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer / Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1920: "Am Tor Von Asien, Felsdenkmale aus Irans Heldenzeit. Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, A.-G., Verlag in Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1923: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra I, Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und Seine Ornamentik. Verlag Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1923-31: "Archaeologische Mitteilunen aus Iran; Band II and III. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1924: "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Volume II, containing 228 plates. Berlin: D. Reimer, Ernst Vohsen."
Friedrich Sarre, 1925: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra II, Die Keramik von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1927: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra III, Die Malereien von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
Lamm, Carl Johan, 1928: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra IV, Das Glas von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1930: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra V, Die Vorgeschichtlichen Töpfereien von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1935: "Archaeologische Mitteilunen aus Iran; Band VII. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1938: "Archaeologische Mitteilunen aus Iran; Band IX. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1941: "Iran in the Ancient East. Archaeological Studies Presented in the Lowell Lectures at Boston. London: Oxford University Press."
Herzfeld, Ernst. "Ars Islamica, IX, 'Damascus:Studies in Architecture, I. The Mukarnas Dome. The Madrasa'. Published by Freer Gallery of Art, The Smithsonian Institution and Department of the History of Art, University of Michigan."
Herzfeld, Ernst. "Ars Islamica, X (1943). Damascus: Studies in Architecture, II. 'The Cruciform Plan. Syrian Architecture, Period of Nūr ad-Dīn'. Published by Freer Gallery of Art, The Smithsonian Institution and Department of the History of Art, University of Michigan."
Herzfeld, Ernst: "Ars Islamica, XI-XII (1946). Damascus: Studies in Architecture, III. 'The Ayyubid Madrasa. The Turba'. Published by Freer Gallery of Art, The Smithsonian Institution and Department of the History of Art, University of Michigan."
Herzfeld, Ernst. "Ars Islamica, XIII-XIV. Damascus: Studies in Architecture, IV. 'The Mosque'. Published by Freer Gallery of Art, The Smithsonian Institution and Department of the History of Art, University of Michigan."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1948: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra VI, Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. Hamburg, Eckardt & Messtorff; Buchhändlerischer Vertrieb durch D. Reimer, Andrews & Steiner, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst. "Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum, Deuxième Partie : Syrie du Nord, Inscriptions et Monuments d'Alep. Tome II. Le Caire; Imprimerie de L'Institut Francais d'Archaéologie Orientale, 1954."
Northedge, Alastair, 1993: "An Interpretation of the Palace of the Caliph at Samarra (Dar Al-Khilafa or Jawsaq Al-Khaqani). In Ars Orientalis, Vol. 23."
Leisten, Thomas, 2003: "Excavation of Samarra, v. I. Architecture : Final report of the first campaign 1910-1912. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein."
Ann C. Gunter and Stefan R. Hauser, 2004: "Ernst Herzfeld and the development of Near Eastern Studies, 1900-1950. Boston, Massasuchetts: Brill."
Cite as
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Repository Loc.
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560
Topic
Abbasids
Aerial photography
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Antiquities
Architectural drawing
Art of the Islamic World
Ayyubids
Decoration and ornament
Description and travel
Excavations (Archaeology)
History
Inscriptions
Numismatics
Papyrus
Pottery
Religious buildings
Seals (Numismatics)
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Restrictions & Rights
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository
Creator
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Anistās Mārī al-Karmilī, ab 1866-1947
Becker, Carl Heinrich 1876-1933
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian 1868-1926
Berchem, Max van 1863-1921
Krefter, Friedrich 1898-1995
Meyer, Eduard 1855-1930
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor 1865-1945
Sobernheim, Moritz
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum
Verlag Philipp von Zabern
Physical description
150 linear feet (ca. 30,000 items)
See more items in
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals 1905-1928
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks 1923-1931
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 5: Drawings and Maps 1903-1947
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions 1903-1947
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions 1906-1945
1899-1962
Place
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Aleppo (Syria)
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Bisutun Site (Iran)
Damascus (Syria)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Luristān (Iran)
Nahāvand (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Palmyra (Syria)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Petra (Extinct city)
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Sīstān va Balūchistān (Iran)
Tāq-e Bostān Site (Iran)
Tripoli (Lebanon)
Type
Articles
Collection descriptions
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Diaries
Drawings
Glass negatives
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographic prints
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Paper Squeezes
Local number
FSA A.06