Martin Luther King, Jr.

image for Martin Luther King, Jr.
Exhibition Label
Martin Luther King Jr. addresses a rally in Birmingham’s Sixteenth Street Baptist Church
Birmingham’s black churches served as vital community rallying points and training centers for nonviolent protest throughout the direct-action campaign known as "Project C"—for confrontation. On May 2, 1963, from the city’s Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, King launched his controversial yet highly successful "children’s crusade," in which protesters ranging in age from six to eighteen marched to demand their freedom. Televised scenes of those children being blasted by high-pressure fire hoses, menaced by police dogs, and loaded into paddy wagons did much to turn public opinion against Birmingham city officials. On May 10, King and his SCLC colleagues announced that a four-point settlement had been reached. It provided for desegregation of various facilities in all downtown stores within ninety days; adoption of nonracial hiring and promotion practices by those stores within sixty days; release of all imprisoned protestors; and establishment of permanent avenues of communication between white and black leaders.
Bruce Davidson, born 1933
Martin Luther King, Jr., 15 Jan 1929 - 4 Apr 1968
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions & Rights
© Bruce Davidson / Magnum Photos
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
1963 (printed 1996)
Object number
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone
Music\Musical instrument\Organ
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Male
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist\Civil rights leader
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Nobel Prize
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Congressional Gold Medal
United States\Alabama\Jefferson\Birmingham
Gelatin silver print
Image: 21.6cm x 32.3cm (8 1/2" x 12 11/16")
Sheet: 28.2cm x 35.5cm (11 1/8" x 14")
National Portrait Gallery