Martin Luther King, Jr.

image for Martin Luther King, Jr.
Exhibition Label
Born Atlanta, Georgia
Although many important civil rights leaders emerged in the 1950s and 1960s, Martin Luther King Jr. personified the struggle for African American equality and justice. King’s synthesis of Christian theology and its message of a supporting and loving God, along with Mohandas Gandhi’s tactics of nonviolent protest, became the defining features of the civil rights movement. In 1963 King focused the nation’s attention on the African American struggle by leading a massive civil rights protest in Birmingham, Alabama, and the August 28 March on Washington, in which he delivered his historic “I have a dream” speech. By the mid-1960s King also became involved in the antiwar movement. This photograph by Benedict Fernandez was taken on April 15, 1967, after a march from New York’s Central Park to the United Nations Plaza, where King delivered an address denouncing the Vietnam War as racist.
Benedict J. Fernandez, born 1936
Martin Luther King, Jr., 15 Jan 1929 - 4 Apr 1968
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Eastman Kodak Professional Photography Division, the Engl Trust, and Benedict J. Fernandez
Restrictions & Rights
© Benedict J. Fernandez
See more items in
National Portrait Gallery Collection
1967 (printed 1989)
Object number
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Male
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist\Civil rights leader
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Religion and Spirituality\Clergy\Minister
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Nobel Prize
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Presidential Medal of Freedom
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Congressional Gold Medal
Gelatin silver print
Image: 31.1 x 20.8 cm (12 1/4 x 8 3/16")
Sheet: 35.3 x 27.8 cm (13 7/8 x 10 15/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6cm (22 x 16")
National Portrait Gallery