Ida B. Wells-Barnett

image for Ida B. Wells-Barnett
Exhibition Label
Born Holly Springs, Mississippi
The daughter of former slaves, Ida B. Wells sued the Chesapeake, Ohio, and Southwestern Railway in 1883 after being dragged from her seat for refusing to move to a segregated railcar. Her anger over this incident spurred her to begin contributing articles to black-owned newspapers; she became part owner and editor of the Memphis Free Speech and Headlight in 1889. After three black businessmen were lynched in Memphis in 1892, Wells launched what became a four-decade-long anti-lynching crusade. She vigorously investigated other lynchings and published her groundbreaking treatise on the topic, Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases
Sallie E. Garrity, c. 1862 - 1907
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, 16 Jul 1862 - 25 Mar 1931
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
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National Portrait Gallery Collection
c. 1893
Object number
Photographic format\Cabinet card
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Female
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Literature\Writer
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Communications\Journalist
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Communications\Journalist\Editor
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Education\Educator\Teacher
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett: Society and Social Change\Enslaved person
United States\Illinois\Cook\Chicago
Albumen silver print
Image/Sheet: 13.9 x 9.8 cm (5 1/2 x 3 7/8")
Mount: 16.3 x 10.7 cm (6 7/16 x 4 3/16")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6 cm (18 x 14")
National Portrait Gallery