Declaration of Independence Desk

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subject
Declaration of Independence
related event
Declaration of Independence, Signing of
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
associated person
Jefferson, Thomas
maker
Randolph, Benjamin
Physical Description
glass (inkwell material)
wood, mahogany (overall material)
fabric, baize (part material)
Measurements
overall: 9 3/4 in x 14 3/4 in x 3 1/4 in; 24.765 cm x 37.465 cm x 8.255 cm
unfolded: 19 3/4 in; x 50.165 cm
See more items in
Political History: Political History, General History Collection
National Treasures exhibit
Government, Politics, and Reform
American Democracy: A Great Leap of Faith
Exhibition
American Democracy: A Great Leap of Faith
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Description
In 1776 Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence on this portable desk of his own design. It features a hinged writing board and a locking drawer for papers, pens, and inkwell.
By the summer of 1776 members of the Second Continental Congress prepared to declare their independence from Great Britain. They assigned the task of drafting the declaration to Thomas Jefferson, a delegate from Virginia. Jefferson would later write that rather than aiming for originality, "it was intended to be an expression of the American mind." On July 4, 1776 the Continental Congress amended and adopted the declaration. Its words not only established the guiding principles for the new nation, it has served to inspire future generations in America and around the world.
The desk continued to be Jefferson's companion throughout his life as a revolutionary patriot, American diplomat, and president of the United States. While the drafts of the Declaration of Independence were among the first documents Jefferson penned on this desk, the note he attached under the writing board in 1825 was among the last: "Politics as well as Religion has its superstitions. These, gaining strength with time, may, one day, give imaginary value to this relic, for its great association with the birth of the Great Charter of our Independence."
On November 14, 1825, Thomas Jefferson wrote to his granddaughter Eleanora Randolph Coolidge to inform her that he was sending his "writing box" as a wedding present. Jefferson's original gift of an inlaid desk had been lost at sea and his portable writing desk was intended as a replacement. The desk remained in the Coolidge family until April 1880, when the family donated it to the U.S. government.
In his letter, Jefferson wrote: "Mr. Coolidge must do me the favor of accepting this [gift]. Its imaginary value will increase with years, and if he lives to my age, or another half-century, he may see it carried in the procession of our nation's birthday, as the relics of the Saints are in those of the Church."
Place Made
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
used in
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Independence Hall
Date made
1775-1776
Object Name
writing box
Object Type
portable desks
ID Number
PL.031819
catalog number
31819
accession number
67435
Related Publication
Nation of Nations, A
Bedini, Silvio A.. Declaration of Independence Desk
National Museum of American History. Treasures of American History online exhibition
Related Web Publication
http://americanhistory.si.edu/treasures