Pendant cross

image for Pendant cross
Label Text
Silver pendant crosses are worn in Ethiopia as professions of the Christian faith, a tradition begun in the 15th century with crosses of wood and other metals. The Maria Theresa thaler, an 18th-century Austrian coin popular in Africa in the 19th century, was often melted down and transformed into silver pendant crosses.
Description
Cast silver alloy pendant cross composed of four equal arm in openwork circles. The arms and base have trefoil extensions, and incised designs. Pendant has hinged suspension loop on triangle with openwork X.
Provenance
Mr. and Mrs. Donald F. Miller, Alexandria, Virginia, acquired Addis Ababa, 1971
Published References
Robbins, Warren M. and Nancy Ingram Nooter. 1989. African Art in American Collections. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, p. 510, no. 1309.
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National Museum of African Art Collection
19th to mid-20th century
Object number
71-23-13
Credit Line
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Donald F. Miller
Ethiopian Orthodox
Topic
cross
Geography
Ethiopia
Medium
Silver alloy
Dimensions
H x W x D: 7.9 x 4.8 x 0.9 cm (3 1/8 x 1 7/8 x 3/8 in.)
National Museum of African Art
Type
Costume Accessory