Orbiter, Space Shuttle, OV-103, Discovery

  • -thumbnail 1
  • -thumbnail 2
  • -thumbnail 3
  • -thumbnail 4
  • -thumbnail 5
  • -thumbnail 6
  • -thumbnail 7
  • -thumbnail 8
  • -thumbnail 9
  • -thumbnail 10
  • -thumbnail 11
  • -thumbnail 12
  • -thumbnail 13
  • -thumbnail 14
  • -thumbnail 15
  • -thumbnail 16
  • -thumbnail 17
  • -thumbnail 18
  • -thumbnail 19
  • -thumbnail 20
  • -thumbnail 21
  • -thumbnail 22
  • -thumbnail 23
  • -thumbnail 24
  • -thumbnail 25
  • -thumbnail 26
  • -thumbnail 27
  • -thumbnail 28
  • -thumbnail 29
  • -thumbnail 30
  • -thumbnail 31
  • -thumbnail 32
  • -thumbnail 33
  • -thumbnail 34
  • -thumbnail 35
  • -thumbnail 36
  • -thumbnail 37
  • -thumbnail 38
  • -thumbnail 39
  • -thumbnail 40
  • -thumbnail 41
  • -thumbnail 42
  • -thumbnail 43
  • -thumbnail 44
  • -thumbnail 45
  • -thumbnail 46
  • -thumbnail 47
  • -thumbnail 48
  • -thumbnail 49
  • -thumbnail 50
  • -thumbnail 51
  • -thumbnail 52
  • -thumbnail 53
  • -thumbnail 54
  • -thumbnail 55
  • -thumbnail 56
  • -thumbnail 57
  • -thumbnail 58
  • -thumbnail 59
  • -thumbnail 60
  • -thumbnail 61
  • -thumbnail 62
  • -thumbnail 63
  • -thumbnail 64
  • -thumbnail 65
  • -thumbnail 66
  • -thumbnail 67
  • -thumbnail 68
  • -thumbnail 69
  • -thumbnail 70
  • -thumbnail 71
  • -thumbnail 72
  • -thumbnail 73
  • -thumbnail 74
  • -thumbnail 75
  • -thumbnail 76
  • -thumbnail 77
  • -thumbnail 78
  • -thumbnail 79
  • -thumbnail 80
  • -thumbnail 81
  • -thumbnail 82
  • -thumbnail 83
  • -thumbnail 84
  • -thumbnail 85
  • -thumbnail 86
  • -thumbnail 87
  • -thumbnail 88
  • -thumbnail 89
  • -thumbnail 90
  • -thumbnail 91
  • -thumbnail 92
  • -thumbnail 93
  • -thumbnail 94
  • -thumbnail 95
  • -thumbnail 96
  • -thumbnail 97
  • -thumbnail 98
  • -thumbnail 99
  • -thumbnail 100
  • -thumbnail 101
  • -thumbnail 102
  • -thumbnail 103
  • -thumbnail 104
  • -thumbnail 105
  • -thumbnail 106
  • -thumbnail 107
  • -thumbnail 108
  • -thumbnail 109
Summary
Discovery was the third Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle to fly in space. It entered service in 1984 and retired from spaceflight as the oldest and most accomplished orbiter, the champion of the shuttle fleet. Discovery flew on 39 Earth-orbital missions, spent a total of 365 days in space, and traveled almost 240 million kilometers (150 million miles)--more than the other orbiters. It shuttled 184 men and women into space and back, many of whom flew more than once, for a record-setting total crew count of 251.
Because Discovery flew every kind of mission the Space Shuttle was meant to fly, it embodies well the 30-year history of U.S. human spaceflight from 1981 to 2011. Named for renowned sailing ships of exploration, Discovery is preserved as intact as possible as it last flew in 2011 on the 133rd Space Shuttle mission.
NASA transferred Discovery to the Smithsonian in April 2012 after a delivery flight over the nation's capital.
Alternate Name
Space Shuttle Discovery
Key Accomplishment(s)
Champion of the Shuttle Fleet
Brief Description
Discovery was the third Space Shuttle orbiter to fly in space. From 1984 to 2012, Discovery flew 39 Earth-orbital missions, spent a total of 365 days in space, and traveled almost 240 million km (150 million mi) —more than the other orbiters.
See more items in
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Inventory Number
A20120325000
Credit Line
Transferred from National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Manufacturer
Rockwell International Corporation
Country of Origin
United States of America
Materials
Airframe: aluminum alloys, titanium
Surface: silica tiles, reinforced carbon carbon RCC nose cap and wing leading edges
Interior: many materials (aluminum, fabric, beta cloth, velcro, etc.)
Dimensions
Overall: 24.314m x 17.768m x 38.03m, 73176.5kg (78 ft. x 57 ft. x 122 ft., 161325lb.)
National Air and Space Museum
Restrictions & Rights
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Type
SPACECRAFT-Manned