Lumière Cinématographe Camera, Printer, and Projector, 1895
Social Media Share Tools
- Auguste and Louis Lumiere
- The Early Cinema Equipment Collection [COLL.PHOTOS.000037] includes machines used to make and exhibit motion pictures during the industry’s early days, including cameras, projectors, perforators, printers and film rewinds. This collection is comprised of 36 motion picture cameras, 105 movie projectors and more than 60 pieces of editing and other apparatus that help to tell the story of the motion picture in American life from 1885 to the mid-twentieth century. The museum acquired these machines from two types of sources, inventors and their families and motion picture machine collectors. Donations made from the 1890s to 1950s came primarily from a number of motion picture innovators who gave apparatus to the Smithsonian’s National Museum in attempts to cement their places in the history of cinema.
- Charles Francis Jenkins, an early motion picture engineer, donated twenty pieces of apparatus related to his work from 1898 to 1921. Jenkins’ contributions include four experimental high-speed rotary lens cameras, six projector prototypes and a group of early film editing equipment. Otway and Woodville Latham donated their original Eidoloscope projector, an 1895 machine which was among the first film projectors ever built. Photographer Wallace Gould Levison gave the museum his 1887 experimental motion picture camera and several plates and prints. Levison’s camera exposed twelve glass plates per second at a time before film became widely available, but was never commercially produced. Eberhard Schneider, an exhibitor and engineer, donated four cameras, two projectors and a group of editing equipment of his design from the early twentieth century. The Technicolor Corporation contributed two cameras used to make color movies in the company’s early days, the most notable of which was 1939’s The Wizard of Oz. Cameras, projectors and other movie-making equipment in the museum’s collection also signify the contributions of E. H. Amet, Jean Acme LeRoy, Thomas Armat, August Plahn and George R. Goergens.
- The second significant source of movie machines in the Photographic History Collection was collector Gatewood Dunston. The former projectionist had accumulated the nation’s largest collection of motion picture media and apparatus by the time of his death in 1956, when he willed the collection to the Smithsonian’s Photographic Section. Among the 864 items in the bequest were 59 early projectors and 6 pieces of editing equipment. Some of the most significant movie projectors of the early twentieth century are represented in the collection due to the Dunston bequest, including Motiograph, Gaumont, Powers, Simplex, Edison, Selig and Pathe models. The editing apparatus illuminates the entirety of the motion picture production process during the rise and height of the Hollywood studio system.
- This finding aid is one in a series documenting the PHC’s Early Cinema Collection [COLL.PHOTOS.000018]. The cinema-related objects cover the range of technological innovation and popular appeal that defined the motion picture industry during a period in which it became the premier form of mass communication in American life, roughly 1885-1930. See also finding aids for Early Sound Cinema [COLL.PHOTOS.000040], Early Color Cinema [COLL.PHOTOS.000039], Early Cinema Film and Ephemera [COLL.PHOTOS.000038] and the Gatewood Dunston Collection [COLL.PHOTOS.000021].
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
- Object Name
- camera, lumiere cinematographe
- motion picture
- Physical Description
- manufactured (overall production method/technique)
- overall: 33 cm x 19 cm x 12.5 cm; 13 in x 7 15/32 in x 4 29/32 in
- place patented
- France: Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Lyons
- See more items in
- Work and Industry: Photographic History
- Popular Entertainment
- Photo History Collection
- Early Motion Picture Equipment Collection
- Inventing in America
- Exhibition Location
- National Museum of American History
- National Museum of American History
- Motion Pictures
- Record ID
- Metadata Usage (text)
- GUID (Link to Original Record)
International media Interoperability Framework
IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and media viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. Visit the IIIF page to learn more.