Pendour

images for Pendour
Data Source
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
Artist
Barbara Hepworth, British, b. Wakefield, England, 1903–1975
Credit Line
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Medium
Wood and paint
Dimensions
12 1/8 X 29 3/8 X 9 3/8 IN. (30.6 X 74.5 X 23.8 CM.) INCL. BASE H: 1 5/8 IN. (4.0 CM.)
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Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School
British Modernist Sculpture
Provenance
The artist, Cornwall, 1947-48 to 1954-55
Martha Jackson Gallery, NY, by April 1955--at least June 1958
Galerie Chalette, NY, by October 1959 - 3 November 1959
JHH Purchased From Galerie Chalette, New York, 3 November 1959 - 17 May 1966
Gift of JHH, 1966
Exhibition History
Alex Reid and Lefevre Gallery, London. "New Sculpture and Drawings by Barbara Hepworth," February 1950, no. 10 (as 1948).
XXV Biennale Internzionale D'Arte, Venice. "British Pavillion," June - September 1950, no. 75, p. 335 (as 1947-48).
Riverside Museum, NY. "Abstract Artists of Three Nations," March- April 1951.
Wakefield City Art Gallery, London. "Barbara Hepworth: Sculpture and Drawings," 19 May - 7 July 1951, no. 32 (as 1947-8). Tour: York City Art Gallery, 14 July - 12 August 1951; Manchester Art Galleries 24 September - 21 October 1951.
Whitechapel Art Gallery, London. "Barbara Hepworth : A Retrospective Exhibition of Carvings and Drawings from 1927 to 1954," 8 April - 6 June 1954, no. 82, p. 21, plate J (as 1947-8).
WALKER ART CENTER, Minneapolis. "Barbara Hepworth: Carvings and Drawings 1937-1954," 15 April-29 May 1955, no. 11, ill. TOUR: THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA ART GALLERIES, 15 June-15 August 1955, SAN FRANCISCO MUSEUM OF ART, 1 September-16 October 1955, THE ALBRIGHT ART GALLERY, 9 November-15 December 1955, THE ART GALLERY OF TORONTO, 1 January-15 February 1956, THE MONTREAL MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, 1 March-31 March 1956, THE BALITMORE MUSEUM OF ART, 15 April- 30 June 1956; MARTHA JACKSON GALLERY, NY, December 1956- January 1957.
Cleveland Museum of Art. "Some Contemporary Works of Art," June 1958, no. 23, ill. (lent by Martha Jackson Gallery).
Galerie Chalette, NY. "Hepworth," October - November 1959, no. 7.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, NY. "Modern Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," 3 October 1962 - 6 January 1963, no. 205, p. 217, ill. p. 153.
IBM Gallery, NY. "5 British Sculptors (Work and Talk)," 15 March - 9 April 1965, no. 15.
Tate Gallery, London. "Barbara Hepworth," 3 April - 19 May 1968, no. 49, ill. p. 19.
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. "Inaugural Exhibition," 4 October 1974-15 September 1975, no. 628, ill.
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC."Barbara Hepworth: The Hirshhorn Museum Collection," 23 April - 19 July 1981 (no catalog).
Published References
Read, Herbert. "Barbara Hepworth," La Biennale di Venezia 3 (June 1950), ill. p. 14 (as 1947).
Hodin, J.P. "Barbara Hepworth," Les Arts Plastiques 4/3 (July-August 1950), ill. p. 202 (as 1947-48).
Hepworth, Barbara. Carvings and Drawings (London: Lund Humphries, 1952), pls. 95-97b.
Middleton, Michael. "Huit sculpteurs britanniques," Art d'aujourd'hui, serie 4, no. 2 (March 1953), ill. p. 6 (in artist's studio, 1949).
Giedion-Welcker, Carola. Contemporary Sculpture: An Evolution in Volume and Space (New York: Wittenborn, 1955), pp. 138-139, 2 ills. (as 1947).
Heron, Patrick. "Barbara Hepworth--Carver." Arts Digest 29/15 (May 1, 1955), p. 9, ill. p. 8 (as 1947-8).
Lewis, David. "Moore and Hepworth: A Comparison of their Sculpture." College Art Journal 14/4 (Summer 1955), ill. p. 317 (credit: owned by the artist).
Hammacher, A.M. Barbara Hepworth (New York: Universe Books, 1959) ill. no. 8 a + b (as 1947-8).
Seuphor, Michel. The Sculpture of this Century (New York: Braziller, 1960) p. 97.
Hodin, J.P. Barbara Hepworth (New York: David McKay, 1961) no. 145, ill.
Roberts, Keith. "Retrospective Exhibition at the Tate Gallery." Burlington Magazine CX/782 (May 1968), p. 299.
Hammacher, A.M. The Sculpture of Barbara Hepworth. Trans. James Brockway (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1968) p. 204, ills. 70-1.
Hepworth, Barbara. A Pictorial Autobiography (New York and Washington, DC: Praeger, 1970), p. 58.
Lerner, Abram. An Introduction to the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974), no. 86, ill.
Lerner, Abram et al. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1974) pp. 701-2, ill. p. 628.
Unsigned. "Sculptural Purist," MD (Medical Newsmagazine) 18/11 (November 1974), ill p. 129; rept. (in Spanish) "Purista escultorica," MD 14/11 (November 1976), ill. p. 88.
Petersen, Karen and JJ Wilson. Women Artists: Recognition and Reappraisal from the Early Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century (New York: Harper Colophon Books, 1976) ill. VII/2, p. 121.
Cleaver, Dale G. Art: An Introduction (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, third ed, 1977), p. 381, ill. 19-39.
Hobbs, Jack A. Art in Context (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, before 1979), ill. 2-20.
Elsen, Albert E. Modern European Sculpture 1918 - 1945: Unknown Beings and Other Realities (New York: Braziller, 1979), p. 52, no. 48, ill p. 54, no. 48.
Wilkinson, Alan G. Barbara Hepworth: The Art Gallery of Ontario Collection (Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1992), p. 22.
Curtis, Penelope and Alan G. Wilkinson. Barbara Hepworth: A Retrospective (Liverpool: Tate Gallery Publications, 1994), p. 84, ill. p. 6.
Fletcher, Valerie. "Pendour, 1947- 48" in Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden: 150 Works of Art (1996), p. 69.
Liebson, Milt. Direct Wood Sculpture: Techniques, Innovation, Creativity (Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 2001), p. 91.
Date
(1947-1948)
Type
Sculpture
Accession Number
66.2444