Lidded ritual wine container (zun) in the form of a bird

image for Lidded ritual wine container (zun) in the form of a bird
Previous custodian or owner
Marcel Bing (1875 - 1920)
Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer ((1875-1959) and (1887-1970))
Charles Lang Freer (1854 - 1919)
Provenance
Reportedly excavated near Taiyuan, Shanxi province, China [1]
To 1915
Marcel Bing (1875-1920), Paris, to 1915 [2]
From 1915 to 1961
Eugene Meyer (1875-1959) and Agnes E. Meyer (1887-1970), Washington, DC and Mt. Kisco, NY, purchased jointly with Charles L. Freer (1854-1919) from Marcel Bing through C.T. Loo, Lai Yuan & Co., New York in December 1915 [3]
From 1961
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer, 1961 [4]
Notes:
[1] According to a note in C. T. Loo, Lai-Yuan & Co.'s invoice, issued to Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Meyer on December 10, 1915, copy in object file.
An excavation of a similar bird-shaped bronze wine container from a fifth-century B. C. tomb in the area of Taiyuan in 1987 confirmed the traditional attribution of the Freer bronze, see Thomas Lawton and Linda Merrill, Freer: A Legacy of Art (Washington DC: Freer Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 1993), pp. 223, 225, fig. 159.
[2] See correspondence between Charles Freer and Marcel Bing, dated November-December 1915, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, copy in object file.
See also Lawton and Merrill 1993, cited in note 1.
[3] See C. T. Loo, Lai-Yuan & Co.'s invoice, cited in note 1.
Shortly after the acquisition, the Meyers lent the bronze to an exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, see S. C. Bosch Reitz, Catalogue of an Exhibition of Early Chinese Pottery and Sculpture, exh. cat. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1916), cat. 340 (ill.).
[4] See Agnes E. Meyer's Deed of Gift, dated December 21, 1961, copy in object file.
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
On View
Freer Gallery 18: Art and Industry: China's Ancient Houma Foundry
ca. 5th century BCE
Period
Middle Eastern Zhou dynasty
Accession Number
F1961.30a-b
Credit Line
Gift of Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer
Topic
bird
Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE)
inlay
casting
China
Chinese Art
WWII-era provenance
Origin
Shanxi province, China
Medium
Bronze with gold inlay
Dimensions
H x W x D: 26.5 x 13.5 x 20 cm (10 7/16 x 5 5/16 x 7 7/8 in)
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Restrictions & Rights
Copyright with museum
Type
Metalwork
Vessel