10 Dollars, United States, 1838
Social Media Share Tools
- U.S. Mint. Philadelphia
- Gobrecht, Christian
- Description (Brief)
- One (1) 10 dollar coin
- United States, 1838
- Obverse Image: Left facing Liberty with hair tied in a bun and wearing a coronet. 13 stars around.
- Obverse Text: LIBERTY / 1838
- Reverse Image: Eagle with wings outstretched clutching arrows and branch in talons, shield over chest.
- Reverse Text: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA / TEN D.
- The gold British sovereigns that James Smithson bequeathed to the United States were melted down and re-struck as American coins. Some of the gold went into the reissue of the ten-dollar piece, or eagle. There were other factors at work, of course, including two Acts of Congress that reduced the weight and fineness of all United States gold coins, in an effort to keep them in circulation.
- The resumption of eagle coinage was ordered in July 1838, and between seven and eight thousand of the coins, the first eagles struck since 1804, were minted at the beginning of December. Smithson's legacy played a role: the knowledge that a massive amount of bullion was on its way across the Atlantic fostered the decision to resume the eagle, the largest existing American denomination.
- Christian Gobrecht was responsible for the designs on the resumed eagle coinage. His left-facing Liberty sported a coronet (there is a copper cent, also by Gobrecht, with a nearly identical arrangement), while the rounded tip of the truncation points to the "1" in the date.
- A simple eagle with shield appears on the reverse. The obverse design was modified slightly in 1839, the truncation now being centered above the date. A handful of proofs, specimen coins of record or for VIPs, was also struck. Three have been reliably reported, and a fourth is rumored.
- Currently not on view
- Credit Line
- U.S. Department of the Treasury, U.S. Mint
- ID Number
- catalog number
- accession number
- Object Name
- Physical Description
- gold (overall metal)
- 0 (overall die axis)
- 0 (overall die axis measurement)
- struck (overall production method)
- overall: 2 mm x 27 mm; 3/32 in x 1 1/16 in
- place made
- United States
- United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
- Related Publication
- Zoomable Image and Details
- Feingold, Ellen R.. Value of Money, The
- Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
- Related Web Publication
- See more items in
- Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
- Coins, Currency and Medals
- Legendary Coins
- National Museum of American History
- Record ID
- Metadata Usage (text)
- GUID (Link to Original Record)
International media Interoperability Framework
IIIF provides researchers rich metadata and media viewing options for comparison of works across cultural heritage collections. Visit the IIIF page to learn more.