The Smithsonian creates knowledge through high-impact research in its museums, National Zoo, research centers, and field stations. Thousands of scientists and scholars working across the Institution, and with colleagues around the world, address fundamental questions in the natural and physical sciences, history, art, and culture. Visit our research center page for more information.
A standard measure of research productivity is the total number of scholarly publications. The measure includes journal articles, books, book chapters, and other significant research publications authored by Smithsonian staff. Publications do not capture the full range of the Smithsonian’s scholarly output in history, art, and culture, where much of our scholarship is seen in exhibitions and exhibition catalogs rather than journals. Learn more about Smithsonian research here.
The Smithsonian’s ability to attract post-doctoral fellows, interns, and research associates desiring to work with Smithsonian researchers is a measure of the stature of our research enterprise. These individuals augment Smithsonian scientific and scholarly output. Visit the Office of Fellowships & Internships to learn more.
Every year, Smithsonian scholars apply or compete for additional support beyond federal appropriations from foundations, governmental agencies, private corporations, and individual donors. The number of research proposals submitted and dollar amount of research grant and contract awards are measures of research productivity and quality.
The Nobel Prize is among the most prestigious awards in the world. Invited membership in national academies and societies is also a widely accepted mark of excellence and considered one of the highest honors that a scholar can receive. Membership in the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine is the highest distinction, and generally awarded at the end of a career. In addition to these memberships, the Smithsonian has 37 active Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which elects fellows whose advancement of science or its application is scientifically or socially distinguished. (Note: an individual may belong to more than one academy or society.)* Smithsonian radio astronomer and physicist Robert W. Wilson is a 1978 Nobel laureate in physics.