World War II Aviation

National Air and Space Museum
Independence Avenue and 6th Street, SW
Washington, DC

2nd Floor, West Wing, World War II Aviation, Gallery 205 Floor Plan

This gallery highlights land-based aviation during World War II and features fighter aircraft from each of 5 countries.

Highlights include:

  • North American P-51D Mustang: an outstanding fighter plane used in every theater of war
  • Mitsubishi A6M5 Zero: maneuverability and range were excellent; the Japanese navy used it in almost every action throughout the war
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mark VII: the legendary British fighter used to defeat the Germans in the Battle of Britain, along with the Hurricane
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109G: the principle Luftwaffe fighter; major opponent of the Spitfires and American bombers
  • Macchi C.202 Folgore: the most successful Italian fighter to see extensive service; used in the African campaign and in Italy and Russia