Freer Gallery of Art
Jefferson Drive and 12th Street, SW
Gallery 13 & East Corridor Floor Plan
In Chinese culture, many birds are endowed with strong symbolic associations, both on their own and especially in combination with certain auspicious flowers. In the 10th century, birds and flowers emerged as major themes in traditional Chinese painting. At first such images were based on the close observation of nature and employed fine detail and color; later they derived from the painting tradition itself and often were rendered in only ink. While the primary interest of many artists was to capture the essence or spirit of their subjects, most birds in the paintings can be scientifically identified. More than 35 species of birds are depicted in flight, on the ground or in water, or perched on tree branches.