Vertical Flight

July 1, 1976 – 1994

National Air and Space Museum
Independence Avenue and 6th Street, SW
Washington, DC

Vertical Flight, Gallery 103, 1st Floor, West Wing Floor Plan

This gallery houses helicopters, autogiros, and special vehicles.

Highlights include:

  • Pitcairn AC-35: experimental autogiro adaptable to road travel, 1936
  • Kellett XO-60: Army autogiro for slow flight and near vertical take-off, 1942
  • Focke-Achgelis FA-330: one-man gyro-glider, foldable for carrying aboard submarines, 1942
  • Sikorsky XR-4: 1st helicopter mass produced in the United States, 1943
  • Hiller XH-44: 1st successful U.S. helicopter with co-axial, counter-rotating blades, 1944
  • Bell VH-13J: 1st presidential helicopter, President Eisenhower's, 1957
  • Bell XV-22 Osprey Tiltrotor: experimental aircraft that combines the functionality of a helipoter with some of the advantages of an airplane, 1989
  • Rotor-winged aircraft configurations: variations, principles of flight, and control associated with these configurations are explained
  • H-34 Marine Helicopter: surrounding platform provides access to the cockpit

Additions include:

  • November 11, 1987 - Women in Helicopter Aviation: On view are photographs of the "Whirly-Girls," an international association of women helicopter pilots, including its members Valerie Andre and Jean Ross Howard.