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Selected Sources of Information on Mollusks: Regional Identification

Land and Freshwater: North America

Baker, Frank C. Fieldbook of Illinois Land Snails. Manual 2. Urbana: Illinois Natural History Survey, 1939. 166 pp., numerous text figs.

______. The Freshwater Mollusca of Wisconsin. 2 vols. Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 70. Madison: Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, 1928. Vol. 1: Gastropoda. 507 pp., 28 plates. Vol. 2: Pelecypoda. 495 pp., 77 plates.

Bequaert, Joseph C., and Walter B. Miller. The Mollusks of the Arid Southwest, with an Arizona Check List. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1973. 271 pp.

Burch, John B. Freshwater Sphaericean Clams (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) of North America. rev. ed. Hamburg, MI: Malacological Publications, 1975. 96 pp., illus.

______. Freshwater Unionacean Clams (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) of North America. rev. ed. Hamburg, MI: Malacological Publications, 1975. 204 pp., illus.

Burch, John B. How to Know the Eastern Land Snails: Pictured-keys for Determining the Land Snails of the United States Occurring East of the Rocky Mountain Divide. Dubuque: William C. Brown, 1962. 215 pp., 519 figs., 7 plates. 377 species included.

Clarke, Arthur H. The Freshwater Molluscs of the Canadian Interior Basin. Malacologia 13, nos. 1-2 (1973): 1-509. 28 plates, 87 maps, 35 charts.

______. The Freshwater Molluscs of Canada. Ottawa: National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada, 1981. 446 pp., illus., range maps. Includes information on collecting, care of collections, classifying, descriptions and comments on the distribution, ecology and biology of all species and subspecies.

Clarke, Arthur H., Jr., and Clifford O. Berg. 1959. The Freshwater Mussels of Central New York: With an Illustrated Key to the Species of Northeastern North America. Agricultural Experiment Station Memoir 367. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, Agricultural Experiment Station, New York State College of Agriculture. 79 pp., 7 plates.

Grimm, F. W. Annotated Checklist of the Land Snails of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Sterkiana 41 (March, 1971): 51-7.

Harman, Willard N., and Clifford O. Berg. The Freshwater Snails of Central New York, with Illustrated Keys to the Genera and Species. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, Agricultural Experiment Station, New York State College of Agriculture, 1971. 68 pp., illus.

Howells, Robert G., Raymond W. Neck, and Harold D. Murray. Freshwater Mussels of Texas. Austin, TX: Texas Parks and Wildlife Dept., Inland Fisheries Division: Distributed by University of Texas Press, 1996. 218 pp.

Hubricht, Leslie. The Distribution of the Native Land Mollusks of the Eastern United States. Fieldiana: Zoology (New Series) 24 (1985).

Jokinen, Eileen H. The Freshwater Snails of Connecticut. Hartford: State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, 1983.

______. The Freshwater Snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of New York State. Albany: University of the State of New York, State Education Dept., New York State Museum Biological Survey, 1992.

Leonard, Arthur B. Handbook of Gastropods in Kansas. With the technical assistance of E.J. Roscoe and others. Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication no. 20. Lawrence: University of Kansas, Department of Zoology, 1959. 224 pp., 87 figs., 11 plates.

Nalepa, Thomas F. And Donald W. Schloesser, eds. Zebra Mussels: Biology, Impacts, and Control. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 1993.

Oesch, Ronald D. Missouri Naiades: a Guide to the Mussels of Missouri. Jefferson City, MO: Missouri Dept. of Conservation, 1984. 270 pp.

Pilsbry, Henry A. Land Mollusca of North America (North of Mexico). 2 vols. Monograph no. 3. Philadelphia: Academy of Natural Sciences, 1939-48.. Vol. 1: 1,003 pp., 580 figs. Vol. 2: 1,186 pp., 585 figs.

Robertson, Imogene C.S., and Clifford L. Blakeslee. The Mollusca of the Niagara Frontier Region. Bulletin of Buffalo Society for Natural Sciences 19, no. 3 (1939): 1-191. 13 plates.

Taylor, Dwight W. West American Freshwater Mollusca, 1: A Bibliography of Pleistocene and Recent Species. Memoir 4. San Diego: Society of Natural History, 1970. 73 pp.

Thompson, Fred G. The Aquatic Snails of the Family Hydrobiidae of Peninsular Florida. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1968. 268 pp.

______. The Freshwater Snails of Florida: A Manual for Identification. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida, 1984. 94 pp., 193 black-and-white photographs.

Wu, Shi-Kuei, and Nancy Brandauer. The Bivalvia of Colorado. Natural History Inventory of Colorado 2. Boulder: University of Colorado Museum, 1978. 60 pp., illus. Part 1: Family Sphaeriidae. Part 2: Family Unionidae.

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Land and Freshwater: Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia

Adam, William. Révision des mollusques de la Belgique: mollusques terrestres et dulcicoles. Institut royal des sciences naturelles de Belgique Mémoir 106. Brussels: Musée royal d'histoire naturelle de Belgique, 1947. 298 pp., 6 plates.

Allan, Joyce. Australian Shells, with Related Animals Living in the Sea, in Freshwater and on the Land. Rev. ed. Melbourne: Georgian House, 1959. 487 pp., 12 color plates, 28 full-page halftone plates, 110 text figs.

Azuma, Masao. Genshoku Nihon rikusan kairui zukan. Osaka, Japan: Hoikusha, 1982.

Backhuys, Willem. Zoogeography and Taxonomy of the Land and Freshwater Molluscs of the Azores. Amsterdam: Backhuys and Meesters, 1975.

Brown, David S. Freshwater Snails of Africa and Their Medical Importance. 2nd ed. London: Taylor and Francis, 1994. 487 pp.

Cameron, Robert A.D., and Margaret Redfern. British Land Snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda): Keys and Notes for Identification of the Species. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series) no. 6. London and New York: Academic Press for the Linnean Society, 1976. 64 pp., 31 figs.

Cossignani, Tiziano and Vincenzo Cossignani. Atlante delle conchiglie terrestri e dulciacquicole Italiane. Ancona, Italy: L'Informatore Piceno, 1995. 208 pp. many color photos.

Cowie, Robert H., Neal L. Evenhuis, and Carl C. Christensen. Catalog of the Native Land and Freshwater Molluscs of the Hawaiian Islands. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 1995.

Ellis, Arthur Erskine. British Freshwater Bivalve Mollusca: Keys and Notes for the Identification of the Species. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series) no. 11. London and New York: Academic Press for the Linnean Society, 1978. 109 pp., 15 black-and-white plates.

______. British Snails: A Guide to the Non-Marine Gastropoda of Great Britain and Ireland, Pliocene to Recent. 1926. Reprint with new introduction. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969. 294 pp., 14 plates, 11 figs.

Graham, Alastair. British Prosobranch and Other Operculate Gastropod Molluscs: Keys and Notes for the Identification of the Species. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series) no. 2. London and New York: Academic Press for the Linnean Society, 1971. 112 pp., 119 figs.

Janssen, A.W., and E.F. De Fogel. Zoetwatermollusken van Nederland. Amsterdam: Nederlandse Jeugdbond voor Natuurstudie, 1965. 160 pp., 17 plates. In Dutch.

Jespersen, P. Helveg. Ecological and Zoogeographical Studies on the Land and Freshwater Molluscs of the South Funen Archipelago (Denmark). Copenhagen: Bianco Luno, 1945.

Kerney, Michael P., and Robert A.D. Cameron. A Field Guide to the Land Snails of Britain and North-West Europe. London: Collins, 1979. 288 pp., 649 illus., 408 in color.

Killeen, Ian J. The Land and Freshwater Molluscs of Suffolk: An Atlas and History. Ipswich, U.K.: Suffolk Naturalists' Society, 1992.

Lozek, Vojen. Quartärmollusken der Tschechoslowakei. Prague: Herausgegeben von der Geologischen Zentralanstalt im Verlag der Tschechoslowakischen Akademie des Wissenschaften, 1964. 374 pp., 32 plates. Contains illustrations of all of the freshwater and terrestrial mollusks of Czechoslovakia. In German.

McMillan, Nora F. British Shells. rev. ed. London: Frederick Warne, 1975. 196 pp., 355 species illustrated, 124 in color.

Mead, Albert R. The Giant African Snail: A Problem in Economic Malacology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961. 257 pp., 17 plates.

Økland, Jan. Lakes and Snails: Environment and Gastropoda in 1,500 Norwegian Lakes, Ponds and Rivers. Oegstgeest, The Netherlands: Universal Book Sevices/Dr. W. Backhuys, 1990. 516 pp., black-and-white illustrations.

Powell, Arthur W. B. New Zealand Mollusca: Marine, Land, and Freshwater Shells. Auckland: Collins, 1979. 500 pp., 16 color, 66 monochrome plates, 120 text figs. Systematic treatment: includes a brief description, history, and location with keyed bibliography and illustration reference.

Subba Rao, N. V. Handbook, Freshwater Mollusks of India. Calcutta: Zoological Survey of India, 1989. 289 pp., many unnumbered black-and-white plates.

Runham, Norman W., and Philip J. Hunter. Terrestrial Slugs. New York: Hilary House, 1971. 184 pp., illus. Biological Sciences Series. Technical, with large bibliography.

Smith, Brian J. Zoological Catalogue of Australia: Non-marine Mollusca. Vol 8. Canberra: Australian Govt. Pub. Service, 1992. 399 pp.

Smith, Brian J., and Ron C. Kershaw. Field Guide to the Non-Marine Molluscs of South Eastern Australia. Canberra, Australia and Norwalk, CT: Australian National University Press, 1979. 285 pp., black-and-white illus. and maps.

______. Tasmanian Land and Freshwater Molluscs. Illus. Rhyllis Plant. Hobart: University of Tasmania, 1981.

Solem, Alan, and Adolf C. van Bruggen, eds. World-Wide Snails: Biogeographical Studies on Non-Marine Mollusca. Leiden, The Netherlands: E.J. Brill/W. Backhuys, 1984. 289 pp., 102 figs., plus several tables.

Solem, Alan and Barbara K. Endodontoid Land Snails from Pacific Islands (Mollusca: Pulmonata, Sigmurethra). 2 vols. Part 1: Family Endodontidae. Part 2: Families Punctidae and Charopidae, Zoogeography. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1976-82.

Webb, Walter F. Foreign Land and Fresh Water Shells from All Parts of the World Except the United States and Canada. St. Petersburg, FL: by the author, 1948. 183 pp., 73 plates. 1,400 species illus., including 262 genera.

Wright, Christopher A. Flukes and Snails. New York: Hafner Press, 1973. 168 pp., 16 plates.

Zhadin, V.I. 1952. Mollyuski presnykh i solonovatykh vod SSSR. Keys to the Fauna of the U.S.S.R. no. 46. Moscow: Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. Translated by A. Mercado, under the title Mollusks of Fresh and Brackish Waters of the U.S.S.R. Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1965. 368 pp., illus. Available from National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Springfield, VA 22161 (703/487-4650). Refer to document no. TT-6550019/LP when ordering.

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Dell, Richard Kenneth. Antarctic Mollusca: with Special Reference to the Fauna of the Ross Sea. Wellington, N.Z.: Royal Society of New Zealand, 1990. 311 pp.

Hain, S. Die beschalten benthischen Mollusken (Gastropoda und Bivalvia) des Weddellmeeres, Antarktis. Berichte zur Polarforschung 70:1-181. 1990.

Oliver, P. G. and Picken, G. B. Prosobranch Gastropods from Signy Island, Antarctica: Buccinacea and Muricacea. British Antarctic Survey Bulletin 62: 95-115. 1984.

Powell, A. W. B. Mollusca of Kerguelen and Macquarie Islands. B. A. N. Z. Antarctic Research Expedition, 1929-1931 Reports B,6:165-216. 1957.

_____. Antarctic and Subantarctic Mollusca. Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum. 5:117-193. 1960.

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U.S. Geological Survey
Federal Center, Building 41
Books and Open File Reports
Box 25425
Denver, CO 80225

For a small charge, the U.S. Geological Survey will send you the New Publications Bulletin, published monthly. You may order whatever you see of interest in the Bulletin directly from the Survey. This is your best source for fossil papers and monographs.

Pages containing USGS books, reports, and pamphlets that can be viewed on the World-Wide Web

U.S. Geological Survey Bulletins



Allmon, Warren and Thomas Scott, compilers. Plio-Pleistocene Stratigraphy and Paleontology of South Florida: Southeastern Geological Society Annual 1990 Field Excursion, Dec. 7-8, 1990. Tallahassee, FL: The Society, 1990. Guidebook (Southeastern Geological Society) 31. Unpaged, illus.

Blackwelder, Blake W. and Lauck W. Ward. Stratigraphy of the Chesapeake Group of Maryland and Virginia. Arlington, VA: [s.n.], 1976.

Campbell, Lyle D. Pliocene Molluscs from the Yorktown and Chowan River Formations in Virginia. Charlottesville: Commonwealth of Virginia, Dept. of Mines, Minerals and Energy, 1993. Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 127. 259 pp, illus.

Dall, William H. Contributions to the Tertiary Fauna of Florida, with Especial Reference to the Miocene Silex-Beds of Tampa and the Pliocene Beds of the Calooshatchie River. Philadelphia: Wagner Free Institute of Science, 1890-1903.

Part 1: Pulmonate, Opisthobranchiate, and Orthodont Gastropods. (August 1890): 1-200.
Part 2: Streptodont and Other Gastropods. (December 1892): 201-473.
Part 3: A New Classification of the Pelecypoda. (March 1895): 485-570.
Part 4: Prionodesmacea: Nucula to Julia; Teleodesmacea: Teredo to Ervilia. (April 1898): 571-947.
Part 5: Teleodesmacea: Solen to Diplodonta. (December 1900): 949-1218.
Part 6: Concluding the Work. (October 1903): 1219-1654. Teleodesmacea (cont'd.), Anomalodesmacea, Discussion of the Geology.

Dall, William H. Republication of Conrad's Fossils of the Medial Tertiary of the United States. Introduction by William H. Dall. Philadelphia: Wagner Free Institute of Science, 1893. 136 pp., 49 leaves of plates, illus.

Dockery, David T. The Invertebrate Macropaleontology of the Clarke County, Mississippi, Area. Jackson: Mississippi Dept. of Natural Resources, Bureau of Geology, 1980. Bulletin 122. 387 pp., illus.

______. Lower Oligocene Bivalvia of the Vicksburg Group in Mississippi. Jackson: Mississippi Dept. of Natural Resources, Bureau of Geology, 1982. Bulletin 123. 261 pp., illus.

Eldredge, Niles, and Steven M. Stanley, eds. Living Fossils. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1984. 291 pp., text figs. and tables.

Frederiksen, Norman O. and Kathleen Krafft, eds. Cretaceous and Tertiary Stratigraphy, Paleontology, and Structure, Southwestern Maryland and Northeastern Virginia: Field Trip Volume and Guidebook, October 17, 1984. Reston, VA: American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, 1984.

Gardner, Julia. The Midway Group of Texas, including a chapter on the coral fauna by T. Wayland Vaughan and Willis Parkison Popenoe. Austin, TX: The University, 1935. The University of Texas Bulletin 3301. 403 pp., illus and maps.

______. Mollusca from the Miocene and Lower Pliocene of Virginia and North Carolina, with a summary of the stratigraphy by W. C. Mansfield. Washington, DC: U. S. Govt. Printing Office, 1943-8. Geological Survey Professional Paper 199. Vol. 1 Pelecypoda; Vol. 2 Scaphopoda and Gastropoda. 310 pp., illus.

______. The Molluscan Fauna of the Alum Bluff Group of Florida. Washington, DC: U. S. Govt. Printing Office, 1926-50. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 142. 9 vols. 709 pp., illus., map.

MacNeil, F. Stearns, and David T. Dockery. Lower Oligocene Gastropoda, Scaphopoda, and Cephalopoda of the Vicksburg Group in Mississippi. Jackson: Mississippi Dept. of Natural Resources, Bureau of Geology, 1984. Bulletin 124. 415 pp., illus.

Olsson, Axel A. Some Tertiary Mollusks from South Florida and the Caribbean. Ithaca, NY: Paleontological Research Institution, 1967. 61 pp., 9 plates.

Olsson, Axel A., and Anne Harbison. Pliocene Mollusca of Southern Florida, with Special Reference to Those from North Saint Petersburg. Special chapters on Turridae by William G. Fargo and Vitrinellidae and fresh-water mollusks by Henry A. Pilsbry. Philadelphia: Academy of Natural Sciences, 1953. Monograph 8. 457 pp., 65 plates.

Petuch, Edward J. Atlas of Florida Fossil Shells: Pliocene and Pleistocene Marine Gastropods. Evanston, IL: Chicago Spectrum, 1994. 394 pp., illus., maps.

______. Field Guide to the Ecphoras. Charlottesville, VA: Coastal Education and Research Foundation, 1988. 140 pp., illus.

______. Neogene History of Tropical American Mollusks: Biogeography and Evolutionary Patterns of Tropical Western Atlantic Mollusca. Charlottesville, VA: Coastal Education and Research Foundation, 1988. 217 pp., 39 plates, 24 figs.

______. New Gastropods from the Plio-Pleistocene of Southwestern Florida and the Everglades Basin. Boca Raton, FL: Dept. of Geology and W. H. Dall Paleontological Research Center, Florida Atlantic University, 1991. 59 pp., 30 pp. of plates, illus.

Ponder, W. F., and E. H. Vokes. A Revision of the Indo-West Pacific Fossil and Recent Species of Murex s.s. and Haustellum (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Muricidae). Sydney: Australian Museum, 1988.

Ray, Clayton E., ed. Geology and Palentology of the Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina, II. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 61. 283 pp., illus.

Taylor, Dwight W. 1975. Index and Bibliography of Late Cenozoic Freshwater Mollusca of Western North America. Ann Arbor: Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan Press, 1975. Papers on Paleontology, no. 10.

Vokes, Emily H., ed. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology. Excellent source for papers on fossils. Issued quarterly up to 1997; no longer issued.

Vokes, Harold E. Miocene Fossils of Maryland. Baltimore: Maryland Dept. of Geology, Mines, and Water Resources, 1957. Bulletin 20.

Vokes, Harold E., and Jonathan Edwards. Geography and Geology of Maryland. Rev. ed. Baltimore, 1974.

Waller, T. R. The Evolution of the Argopecten gibbus Stock (Mollusca: Bivalvia), with Emphasis on the Teritary and Quaternary Species of Eastern North America. Journal of Paleontology, The Paleontological Society Memoir, 3 (1969). 125 pp., 8 plates.

Ward, Lauck W. The G. D. Harris 1890 Manuscript on the Stratigraphy of Miocene and Pliocene Beds at Yorktown, Virginia. Ithaca, NY: Paleontological Research Institution, 1993.

______. Molluscan Biostratigraphy of the Miocene, Middle Atlantic Coastal Plain of North America. Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History, 1992.

______. Stratigraphy and Characteristic Mollusks of the Pamunkey Group (Lower Tertiary) and the Old Church Formation of the Chesapeake Group -- Virginia Coastal Plain. Washington, DC: G. P. O.; Alexandria VA: For sale by the Distribution Branch, U. S. Geological Survey, 1985.

Ward, Lauck W., and Blake W. Blackwelder. Chesapecten, a New Genus of Pectinidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from the Miocene and Pliocene of Eastern North America. Washington, DC: United States Govt. Printing Office, 1975.

______. Stratigraphic Revision of Upper Miocene and Lower Pliocene Beds of the Chesapeake Group, Middle Atlantic Coastal Plain. Washington: United States Govt. Printing Office, 1980. For sale by the Supt. of Docs, G. P. O.

Ward, Lauck W., and Norman L. Gilinsky. Molluscan Assemblages of the Chowan River Formation. Part A, Biostratigraphic Analysis of the Chowan River Formation (Upper Pliocene) and Adjoining Units, the Moore House Member of the Yorktown Formation (Upper Pliocene) and the James City Formation (Lower Pleistocene). Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History, 1993.

Ward, Lauck W., and David S. Powars, leaders. Tertiary Stratigraphy and Paleontology, Chesapeake Bay Region, Virginia and Maryland, July 15-17. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, 1989.

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Shellcraft, Pearls and Jewelry

Dake, Henry C. The Art of Gem Cutting, Including Cabochons, Faceting, Spheres, Tumbling, and Special Techniques. 7th ed. Baldwin Park, CA: Gem Guides Book Co., 1987. 96 pp., illus.

Elbert, Virginie Fowler. Shell Craft. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1977. 288 pp., illus.

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th ed., s.v. Fishing and Marine Products, Dress and Adornment. See similar headings in other encyclopedias.

Joyce, Kristin, and Shellei Addison. Pearls: Ornament and Obsession. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. 253 pp., many color and black-and-white photos.

Krauss, Helen K. Shell Art: A Handbook for Making Shell Flowers, Mosaics, Jewelry, and Other Ornaments. New York: Dover, 1976. 128 pp., color and black-and-white illus.

Ritchie, Carson I.A. Shell Carving: History and Techniques. South Brunswick, NJ: A.S. Barnes, 1974. 209 pp., illus.

Shirai, Shohei. The Story of Pearls. San Francisco: Japan Publications Trading Co., 1970. 132 pp., 63 plates, many in color, 62 text photos.

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Collecting, Cleaning and Mounting

Many popular books, including books on skin and scuba diving, offer hints on collecting and caring for specimens.

Bergeron, Eugene. How to Clean Seashells. rev. ed. St. Petersburg, FL: Great Outdoors Publishing, 1973.

Emmerich, Karl. Shells on Postage Stamps Around the World. Fullerton, CA: Topical Philatelic Publishers, 1980. A catalog and handbook. 110 pp., illus.

Fair, Ruth H. Shell Collector's Guide. Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1976. 213 pp.

Holland, Maurice, ed. Helpful Hints for Shell Hunters. Honolulu: Hawaiian Malacological Society, 1961. 77 pp., text figs., map.

Johnstone, Kathleen Y. Collecting Seashells. New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1977. 198 pp., illus., black-and-white, color plates. A thorough discussion of collecting, documenting and curating shell collections.

Lipe, Betty and Robert. Clean Your Shells and Other Sea Life. St. Petersburg Beach, FL: The Shell Store, 1993. 36 pp., illus.

Melvin, A. Gordon. Gems of the World Oceans: A Guide to World Sea Shell Collecting. Healdsburg, CA: Naturegraph, 1964. 96 pp., illus.

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