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Suggested Publications on Birds


Bird Photo from the National Zoo
Lesser Green Broadbill - Calyptomena Viridis
Range: Malaya, Sumatra
The National Museum of Natural History receives numerous requests for information on birds. This site provides a sampling of the bird book literature: field guides, encyclopedias, species accounts, check-lists, monographs, texts on biology and behavior, and references on birds threatened with extinction.

The titles listed below are not available from the Smithsonian Institution except for those published by the Smithsonian Institution Press. They can be obtained from most large public libraries, the science section of a university library, or can be requested through an interlibrary loan. Many are currently in print and can be ordered from local bookstores.

Scientists and graduate students interested in ornithological research may wish to contact the Division of Birds at the National Museum of Natural History.






American Ornithologists' Union and Academy of Natural Sciences, Alan Poole, Managing Editor

1992 The Birds of North America. Issued as separate species accounts, published bimonthly; 32 in first volume of a projected 18 vol. series. (Most thorough up to date information on species; includes distinguishing characteristics, habitat, behavior, migration, distribution, breeding, food habits, sounds and vocalizations, conservation and management. Subscriptions and information from BNA, c/o The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103-1195.) or e-mail:

Austin, O.L., Jr.

1983 Birds of the World.  Golden Press, New York. Reprint, 1961 edition. (A survey of the natural history and distribution of the 7 living orders and 155 families.  Fine illustrations in color by A. Singer.)

1985 Families of Birds.  New revised edition. Golden Press, New York.  (A compact guide to bird classification.  It presents thumbnail sketches of 208 families.  The emphasis is on groups of animals instead of the basic unit, the species.  Illustrated in color by A. Singer.)

Brooke, M., and T. Birkhead (Editors)

1991 The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Ornithology. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, New York.


Campbell, B., and E. Lack (Editors)

1985 A Dictionary of Birds.  Harrell Books, Vermillion, South Dakota.  (Arranged alphabetically, it includes both general subjects and articles on various species organized by family.)


Del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, J. Sargatal et al (Editors)

1992 to 1996 Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Vol. 2, New World Vultures to Guineafowl. 1994. Vol. 3, Hoatzin to Auks. 1996. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (Excellent compendium: A general account of families plus thorough species accounts including status and conservation with paintings for most of the birds covered. Vol. 4 on Sandgrouse to Cuckoos, scheduled late 1997.)

Dorst, J

1974 The Life of Birds.  Columbia University Press, New York.  2 volumes.(An ecological study of the life of birds.  Vol. 1 is primarily concerned with the bird as a flying mechanism. Also includes a chapter on nest parasitism. In Vol. 2, the author studies the adjustments necessary to different environments. Excellent photographs and diagrams.)

Ehrlich, P., D. Dobkin, and D. Wheye.

1988 The Birder's Handbook. A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. Simon and Schuster Inc., New York. (Condensed information on the habitat and life history for each North American species with essays on aspects of bird biology.)

Gill, F.B.

1995 Ornithology. 2nd edition. W.H. Freeman, New York. (6 sections covering evolution, anatomy, behavior, ecology, reproduction and population biology. Includes current questions and research issues.)

Page, J., and E.S. Morton

1989 Lords of the Air. 1995 reprint edition. The Smithsonian Book of Birds. Smithsonian Books, Washington, DC. (Topics include flight, food, migration, communication, societies, etc.)

Pasquier, R.F.

1980 Watching Birds. Reprint of 1977 edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.(A popular and lively introduction to ornithology. Chapters deal with evolution, how and why birds are studied, feathers and flight, anatomy, distribution, feeding, breeding, migration, attracting and caring for birds; black and white illustrations. Also available in paperback.)

Perrins, C.M. (Editor)

1990 The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Birds: The Definitive Reference to Birds of the World. Prentice Hall Press, New York. 420 pp.

Perrins, C.M., and A.L.A. Middleton (Editors)

1985 The Encyclopaedia of Birds.  George Allen & Unwin/Facts on File, New York.  (Contributions by 90 specialists covering anatomical, physiological, behavioral, and ecological adaptations of a single family or group of closely related families. The text is divided into three section: Ostriches to Buttonquails, Plovers to Woodpeckers, and Passerines. Distribution maps and condensed information panels featuring highlights of habitat, plumage, voice, nest, eggs, and diet precede the text on each family.)

Pettingill, O. S. Jr.

1985 Ornithology in Laboratory and Field. 5th ed. Academic Press, Orlando, Florida. (A manual. Chapters include subjects such as topography, flight, feathers, anatomy, taxonomy, distribution, field identification, behavior, migration, song, mating, etc.)

Proctor, N.S., and P.J. Lynch

1993 Manual of Ornithology: Avian Structure & Function. Yale University Press, New Haven. (Excellent anatomy text. Chapters on systematics, topography, feathers, skeleton, musculature, and digestive, circulatory, respiratory, urogenital, and nervous systems; field techniques.)

Sibley, C.G., and B.L. Monroe

1990 Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven & London. 1111 pp. (Authoritative and comprehensive descriptions.)

1993 A Supplement to Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press. 108 pp (Changes and corrections to original text.)

Terres, J. K.

1996 The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Reprint of 1980 edition. Wings Books, New York. (A compendium on North American birds; family and species accounts as well as sections on anatomy, flight, migration, breeding, evolution, and other ornithological subjects, arranged alphabetically with cross referencing and an extensive bibliography.)

Thomson, A.L. (Editor)

1964 A New Dictionary of Birds. McGraw-Hill, New York. (An encyclopedic reference, well illustrated. May only be found in libraries; updated by Campbell and Lack.)

Van Tyne, J., and A.J. Berger

1976 Fundamentals of Ornithology. 2nd edition. Wiley, New York. (Technical; intended as a college text. Discusses distribution, migration, special senses, feeding, behavioral patterns, breeding and other topics. Extensive synopsis of world families and glossary of technical terms. Contains over 500 photographs and drawings. The 1971 Dover reprint of the 1959 first edition provides the original reference citations.)

Welty, J.C., and L.F. Baptista

1988 The Life of Birds.  4th edition. W.B. Saunders Co., College Park, N.Y. (An introductory college text, considered by some ornithologists to contain the best and broadest coverage of bird biology.)



Ali, S. and S.D. Ripley

1969 to 1987 Handbook of the Birds of India: together with those of Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. Vol. l, Divers to Hawks, 2nd ed., 1979; Vol.2, Megapodes to Crab Plover, 2nd ed., 1981; Vol. 3, Stone Curlews to Owls, 2nd ed, 1982.; Vol. 4, Frogmouths to Pittas; Vol. 5, 1984 Larks to the Grey Hypocolius, 2nd ed., 1987; Vol. 6, Cuckoo- Shrikes to Babaxes; Vol. 7, Laughing Thrushes to Mangrove Whistler; Vol. 8, Warblers to Redstarts; Vol. 9, Robins to Wagtails.  Oxford University Press, New York, London.

American Ornithologists' Union

1983 Check-list of North American Birds. 7th edition anticipated early 1998. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC. (Reprinted with minor corrections in 1961 and 1975. The "official" source for the nomenclature and distribution of all North American birds; gives scientific names for all species and subspecies, and common names for species. The 1998 7th edition covers the United States and Hawaii, Canada, Bermuda, the West Indies and Middle America, Mexico through Panama; deals with the species level.)

Beehler, B.M., T.K. Pratt, and D.A. Zimmerman

1986 Birds of New Guinea.  Princeton University Press, New Jersey.  (An excellent handbook and field guide and only available treatment of New Guinea birds.)

Berger, A.J.

1981 Hawaiian Birdlife.  2nd ed. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu.(Chapters on the natural history of indigenous, endemic, introduced, and migratory species.)

Brown, L., E.K. Urban, and K. Newman (Editors)

1982 The Birds of Africa. 6 Vols. anticipated. Academic Press, New York. (Comprehensive account. Vol 1: covers orders Struthioniformes, Procellariiformes, Sphenisciformes, Gaviiformes, Podicipediformes, Pelecaniformes, Ciconiiformes, Phoenicopteriformes, Anseriiformes, Falconiformes; Vol. 2: Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry and S. Keith [Editors], 1986, covers the Galliformes, Gruiformes, Charadriformes, Pterocliformes, and Columbiformes with detailed species accounts; Vol. 3: Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (Editors), 1988, covers the Psittaciformes, Musophagiformes, Cuculiformes, Strigiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes, Coliiformes, Coraciiformes, and Piciformes; Vol 4: Keith, S., E.K. Urban and C.H. Fry (Editors), 1992, covers the Passeriformes: Eurylaimaidae (Woodbills) to Turdidae (Thrushes); Vol. 5: Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry, and S. Keith (Editors), 1997, covers Passeriformes: Turdidae, Sylvidae, Muscicapidae, Monarchidae, and Platysteiridae.)

Burg, C.G., B.M. Beehler and S.D. Ripley

1994 Ornithology of the Indian Subcontinent 1872-1992: an Annotated Bibliography. National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. 330 pp. Available only through the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Division of Birds, MRC 119, Washington, DC 20560.

Clements, J.F.

1991 Birds of the World, A Check List. 4th ed. Facts on File, New York. (Latest edition has space to record sighting information for a life list.)

Cramp, S. and Perrins et al (Editors)

1977 to 1994 Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: the Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. l: Ostriches to Ducks; Vol. II: Hawks to Bustards; Vol. III: Waders to Gulls; Vol. IV: Terns to Woodpeckers; Vol. V: Tyron Flycatchers to Thrushes; Vol. VI: Warblers; Vol. VII: Flycatchers to Shrikes; Vol. VIII: Crows to Finches; Vol. IX: Buntings and New World Warblers. Oxford University Press, New York. (Comprehensive accounts.)

Curson, J.

1994 Warblers of the Americas: An Identification Guide. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Fjeldsa, J., and N. Krabbe

1990 Birds of the High Andes. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Svendborg, Denmark, and Apollo Books.

Frith, H.J. (Editor)

1987 Reader's Digest Complete Book of Australian Birds. 2nd revision of 1977 edition.  Reader's Digest Services, Sydney.

Godfrey, W.E.

1986 The Birds of Canada. Revised edition. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museum of Canada, Ottawa.

Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown

1986 A Guide to the Birds of Colombia.  Princeton University Press, New Jersey.  (An excellent handbook and field guide for northern South America.)

Howard, R., and A. Moore

1991 A Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 2nd edition. Academic Press, New York.

Howell, S.N.G., and S. Webb

1995 A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York.

Jonsson, L. B.

1993 Birds of Europe with North Africa and the Middle East. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. (A field identification guidebook.)

Lekagul, B., and P.D. Rouid

1991 A Guide to the Birds of Thailand. Darnsutha Press, Thailand. (The best currently available field guide for any Asian country.)

Maclean, G.L.

1984 Robert's Birds of Southern Africa. 5th ed. John Voelcher Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, S. Africa.  (An excellent handbook for the region.)

Meyer de Schauensee, R. (frequently cited as de Schauensee)

1970 A Guide to the Birds of South America. Livingston Publishing Co., Narberth, Pennsylvania.  (Describes all the species of birds found in South America [nearly 3000], with their distribution; one example of each genus is illustrated.  Illustrations are in color and black and white.  Reprint by the Pan American Section, ICBP with new addenda by Meyer de Schauensee and A.L. Mach.)

1984 The Birds of China.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (A compendium of all birds found in China. It includes the history of ornithology in China, species accounts, and brief family descriptions, black and white drawings and 38 color plates.)

Meyer de Schauensee, R., and W.H. Phelps, Jr.

1978 A Guide to the Birds of Venezuela.  Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Monroe, B.L., and C.G. Sibley

1993 World Checklist of Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Palmer, R.S. (Editor)

1962 to 1988 Handbook of North American Birds. 3 volumes. Vol. 1, Loons through Flamingos; Vol. 2, Whistling Ducks, Swans, Geese, Sheld-Ducks, Dabbling Ducks; Vol. 3, Eiders, Wood Ducks, Diving Ducks, Mergansers, Stifftails; Vol. 4, New World Condors and vultures; first part of the Accipitridae; Vol. 5, Accipitridae concluded and the Falconidae.(Color plates, range maps and other illustrations.) Yale University Press, sponsored by the American Ornithological Union, New Haven, Connecticut.

Peters, J.L.

1931 to 1987 Check-List of Birds of the World. 1979 2nd edition edited by Ernst Mayr and G. William Cottrell.  Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.  (For professional use; provides original reference, synonymies, distribution, and races.)

Pizzey, G.

1991 A Field Guide to the Birds of Australia. Revised 1980 edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey

Reader's Digest Services Pty Ltd. (Editors)

1985 Reader's Digest Complete Book of New Zealand Birds.  Reader's Digest Services Pty Ltd., Sydney.  (Part I deals with general subjects, Part II with birds of New Zealand.)

Ridgely, R.S., and G. Tudor

1989 Birds of South America. 4 vols. anticipated. Vol. I: The Oscine Passerines, Vol. 2: The Suboscine Passerines, 1994. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Roberts, T.J.

1991 The Birds of Pakistan (in 2 vols.) Vol. 1: Regional Studies and Non-Passeriformes, Vol. 2: Passeriformes, Pittas to Buntings. (Includes migration, species accounts). Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.

Shirihai, H.

1966 The Birds of Israel: a Complete Avifauna and Bird Atlas of Israel. Academic Press, London, San Diego.

Stevenson, H.M., and B.K. Anderson

1994 The Birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

Vinly, C., K. Phillipps, L.C. Ying

1994 Birds of Hong Kong and South China. Translated and completely revised 6th edition. Available from Government Publication Centre, General Post Office Bldg. Connaught Place Central, Hong Kong.

Walters, M.

1980 The Complete Birds of the World. David & Charles, Vermont. Complete Birds of the World, Illustrated Edition is also available by TFH Publications, Neptune, New Jersey. (Provides both common and scientific name for every bird; notes on distribution and habitat.)

White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce

1986 Birds of Wallacea. (Sulawesi, the Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia)  B.O.U. Checklist No. 7.  British Ornithologists' Union, London.  (Covers area between Beehler's New Guinea and King and Dickinson's Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia.)

IDENTIFICATION: Field Guides and Bird Finding

Alden, P., and J. Gooders

1981 Finding Birds Around the World. Houghton Mifflin & Co., Boston. (Lists birding sites in many countries; includes check lists, maps, species lists for certain areas; suggests hotels, transportation.)

Baicich, P.J., and C.J. O. Harrison

1997 A Guide to the Nests, Eggs, and Nestlings of North American Birds. Academic Press, New York.

Beehler, B.M., T.K. Pratt, and D.A. Zimmerman

1986 Birds of New Guinea. (See Regional Works)

Bond, J.

1993 Peterson Field Guide to Birds of the West Indies.  5th edition. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. (A field guide.)

Brazil, M.A.

1991 Birds of Japan. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Birdwatching in Japan)

Bruun, B. and A. Singer

1971 Birds of Europe.  McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

Bull, J., and J. Farrand, Jr.

1996 National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Birds. Eastern Region. 2nd revised edition.  Alfred A. Knopf, New York. (584 color photographs.)

Castro, I.C., and A. Phi

1996 A Guide to the Birds of the Galapagos Islands. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Clark, W., and B.K. Wheeler

1987 A Field Guide to Hawks, North America. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Dunning, J.S., and R.S. Ridgely

1987 South American Birds - a Photographic Aid to Identification. Expanded and improved version of 1982 Land Birds of South America. Harrowood Books, Newtown Square, Pennsylvania.

Falla, R.A., R.B. Sibson, and E.G. Turbott

1979 The New Guide to the Birds of New Zealand and Outlying Islands. Revised extended edition. Collins, Auckland, London.

Farrand, J. Jr. (Editor)

1983 The Audubon Society Master Guide to Birding. Vol. 1, Loons to Sandpipers; Vol. 2, Gulls to Dippers; Vol. 3, Old World Warblers to Sparrows.  Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Ffrench, R.

1991 A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad & Tobago. 2nd ed.  Reprint 1995. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Flint, V.E., R.L. Boehme, Y.V. Kostin, and A.A.Kuznetsov

1989 Birds of the USSR.  Including Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Reprint of 1984 ed.  Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Harrison, C.J.O.

1988 A Field Guide to the Nests, Eggs, and Nestlings of North America.  Peterson Field Guide Series. Collins, London, Cleveland, New York.

Harrison, H.H.

1975 A Field Guide to Birds' Nests. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.  (Covers 285 species found breeding in the U.S. east of the Mississippi River.  222 species are illustrated, with black and white line drawings of the birds accompanied by a color photograph of the nest with eggs.)

1979 A Field Guide to Western Birds' Nests. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. (520 species breeding in the U.S. west of the Mississippi River.)

Harrison, P.

1985 Seabirds, an Identification Guide. Revised 1983 edition. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. (Excellent coverage.)

1987 Seabirds of the World. A Photographic Guide. Reprint 1996. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown

1986 A Guide to the Birds of Colombia. ( See Regional Works and World Checklists) 

Hollom, P.A.D., R.F. Porter, S. Christensen, and I. Willis

1988 Birds of the Middle East and North Africa. A Companion Guide. Buteo Books, Vermillion, South Dakota.

Inskipp, C. and T.

1991 A Guide to the Birds of Nepal. 2nd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Jonsson, L.

1993 Birds of Europe with North Africa and the Middle East (See Regional)

Keith, S., and J. Gooders

1980 Collins Bird Guide: A Photographic Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe.  Collins, London.

King, B.F., and E.C. Dickinson

1993 The Collins Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. Reprint of 1975 issue titled, A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia.  A comprehensive guide to the birds of Burma, Malaya, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Hong Kong. Harper Collins, Hong Kong. (The only guide to most of these countries.)

Kress, S.W.

1981 The Audubon Society Handbook for Birders. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. (A useful guide for bird watching techniques; includes books for the bird watcher, regional and world checklists.)

MacKinnon, J., and K. Phillipps

1993 A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 491 pp.

McElroy, T.P., Jr.

1974 The Habitat Guide to Birding.  Knopf, New York. (A guide, written in non-technical language, which gives a list of the various birds found in diverse habitats, such as hardwoods, evergreens, mudflats, marshes, ponds, etc.)

National Geographic Society

1987 Field Guide to the Birds of North America.  2nd edition. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC. (A new guide with broad geographic coverage; 2400 bird figures in color, maps.)

Peterson, R.T.

1990 A Field Guide to Western Birds. 3rd ed. revised and enlarged. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. (Black and white, color plates, illustrations.)

1980 A Field Guide to the Birds of Eastern and Central North America.  4th edition revised and enlarged. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.(Well illustrated with 136 color plates and range maps; includes illustrations of accidentals and exotics.)

Peterson, R.T., and E.L. Chalif

1973 A Field Guide to Mexican Birds.  Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. (Field marks of all species found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize [British Honduras], El Salvador.)

Peterson, R.T., G. Mountfort, and P.A.D. Hollom

1983 A Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. 4th ed. revised and enlarged. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.

Pizzey, G.

1989 A Field Guide to the Birds of Australia. reprint of 1983 edition. Collins Publishing, Sydney, Australia.

Pratt, H.D., P.L. Bruner, and D.G. Berrett

1987 The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Raffaele, H.A.

1989 A Guide to the Birds of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Revised 1983 edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Ridgely, R.S., and J.A. Gwynne, Jr.

1989 A Guide to the Birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. 2nd edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey. (Strengths are field identification, current status and distribution.)

Robbins, C.S., B. Bruun, and H.S. Zim

1983 Birds of North America. A Golden Field Guide. Expanded revised version. Golden Press, New York. (Illustrated by Arthur Singer; color plates and distribution maps.)

Serle, W., G.J. Morel, and W. Hartwig

1988 The Collins Field Guide: Birds of West Africa. Reprint of 1977 version.  Harper Collins, Hong Kong.

Simpson, K, N. Day, and P. Trusler

1996 The Princeton Field Guide to the Birds of Australia. 5th edition. First published as Birds of Australia, 1984. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Sinclair, I., P. Hockey and W. Tarboton

1993 Birds of Southern Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Stiles, F.G., and A.F. Skutch

1989 A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Reprint 1995. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. (A general reference and field guide: describes 24 habitats, gives species accounts and bird movements.)

Udvardy, M.D.F.

1997 National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Birds. Western Region. Revised 1977 edition by John Farrand, Jr. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. (627 color photographs.)

Vinly, C., K. Phillipps, L.C. Ying

1994 Birds of Hong Kong and South China. 6th edition, translated and completely revised from 1977 edition. Government Publication Centre, General Post Office Bldg. Connaught Place Central, Hong Kong.

Walton, R.K., and R.W. Lewson

1989 Birding by Ear- A Guide to Bird-Song Identification. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. Eastern and Central North America , 64 pp. plus Cassette. Western North America, 64 pp. plus cassette.

Watson, G.E.

1975 Birds of the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC. (Provides identification information and illustrations to the birds of the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic and synopses of their biology and distribution. Extensive bibliography.)

Wheatley, N.

1996 Where to Watch Birds in Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Wild Bird Society of Japan

1982 A Field Guide to the Birds of Japan.  Wild Bird Society of Japan, Tokyo.

Wilds, C.

1992 Finding Birds in the National Capital Area. A Smithsonian Nature Guide. Revised edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Also includes birds found on the Western Shore, Piedmont, Eastern Shore, Allegheny plateau and south of the Chesapeake Bay.)

Williams, J.G., and N. Arlott

1995 The Collins Field Guide Birds of East Africa. New revised edition. Expanded from A Field Guide to the Birds of East and Central Africa, 1963. Harper Collins, Hong Kong. (665 species described and illustrated in color.)


There are numerous recordings, cassettes, and CDs of bird songs. The best source of information on current offerings is the Laboratory of Ornithology, Library of Natural Sounds, 159 Sapsucker Woods, Ithaca, New York 14853. Write for a catalog or call 606-254-2407. The following is just a small sampling.

Borror, D.J.

1984 Songs of Eastern Birds.  Dover Pub., New York. Cassette with booklet. ( Songs of 60 species)

1984 Songs of Western Birds. Dover Pub., New York. Cassette and booklet. (Field songs of 60 species)

Borror, D.J., and W.W.H. Gunn

1985 Songs of the Warblers of North America. 2 cassettes. 281 samples of songs of 57 species. Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, New York.

Catchpole, C., and P.J.B. Slater

1995 Bird Song: Biological Themes and Variations. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York. 248 pp.

Hardy, J.W., B. Coffey, Jr., and G.B. Reynard

1989 Voices of the New World Nightjars and Their Allies (Caprimulgiformes: Steatornithidae, Nyctibiidae, and Caprimulgidae). 44 minute audio cassette plus brochure with documentation. ARA Records, P.O. Box 12347, Gainesville, Florida 32604-0347.

1990 Voices of the New World Owls (Strigiformes: Tytonidae, Strigidae) 65 minute audio-cassette. ARA Records, P.O. Box 12347, Gainesville, Florida 32604-0347.

1991 Voices of New World Pigeons and Doves. ARA Records, P.O. Box 12347, Gainesville, Florida 32604-0347.

Peterson, R.T. (Editor)

1991 A Field Guide to Western Bird Songs. 3 cassettes: companion to Peterson Field Guide to Western Birds. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.

Walton, R.K., and R.W. Lawson

1989 Birding by Ear; Guide to Bird Song Identification. 3 CDs or 3 cassettes and booklet. Available from American Birding Association, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

1994 More Birding by Ear: Eastern and Central. 3 CDs or 3 cassettes with booklet. (Covers virtually all the warblers.)



Alcorn, G.D.

1986 Owls.  An Introduction for the Amateur Naturalist.  Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Bellrose, F.C.

1976 Ducks, Geese & Swans of North America. Revised expanded version of work by F.H. Kortright. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.  (Contains much data on distribution and population status, migration, and breeding. Maps are provided for each species on nesting and wintering areas and migration corridors.)

Brown, L., and D. Amadon

1968 Eagles, Hawks, and Falcons of the World.  2 volumes. Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, Middlesex. (A comprehensive account.)

Burton, P. et al

1973 Owls of the World.  E.P. Dutton and Co., New York.  (Covers evolution, structure and ecology; well illustrated with color photographs and drawings, and includes distribution maps.)

Byers, C., J. Curson, and V. Olsson

Sparrows and Buntings. A Guide to the Sparrows and Buntings of North America and the World. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Cade, T.

1982 The Falcons of the World.  Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. (A review of the genus Falco with descriptions of many species including their habitat, reproduction, population status and conservation.)

Chantler, P., and G. Driessens

1995 Swifts. A Guide to The Swifts and Treeswifts of the World. Pica Press, Sussex.

Clement, P., A. Harris, and J. Davis

1993 Finches & Sparrows. An identification guide. Christopher Helm, A & C Black, London.

Davis, L.S., and J.T. Darby (Editors)

1990 Penguin Biology. Academic Press, San Diego.

Delacour, J.

1954 to 1964 The Waterfowl of the World. Country Life Ltd., London. 4 volumes. 1973 reprint. (Color plates and distribution maps.)

Everett, M.

1977 A Natural History of Owls. Hamlyn, London, New York. (Many excellent black and white and color photographs.)

Feare, C.

1984 The Starling.  Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.

Forshaw, J.M.

1973 Parrots of the World.  Lansdowne Press, Australia. Inexpensive 1977 reprint by T.F.H. Publications. (Beautiful illustrations by W.T. Cooper with much information on the biology of parrots.)

1977 The Birds of Paradise and Bower Birds. Collins, Sydney. (Beautifully illustrated by W.T. Cooper.)

Fry, C.H., K. Fry, and A. Harris.

1992 Kingfishers, Bee-eaters, & Rollers. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Gerrard, J.M., and G.R. Bortolotti

1988 The Bald Eagle: Haunts and Habits of a Wilderness Monarch. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC.

Goodwin, D.

1982 Estrildid Finches of the World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. (Detailed review of a popular group of cagebirds; species accounts with bibliographies, chapters on nomenclature, biology and behavior, feeding, and care in captivity.)

1983 Pigeons and Doves of the World. 3rd ed. Comstock Pub. Associates, Ithaca, New York.

Goodwin, D.

1986 Crows of the World. 2nd ed. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Grant, P.J.

1982 Gulls. A Guide to Identification. Buteo Books, Vermillion, South Dakota. (Excellent worldwide coverage.)

Griscom, L., and A. Sprunt, Jr. et al

1979 The Warblers of America. A popular account of the wood warblers as they occur in the Western Hemisphere. Revised and updated version by Edgar M. Reilly, Jr.  Doubleday & Co. Inc., Garden City, New York.

Hancock, J., and H. Elliott

1978 The Herons of the World.  Harper & Row Publishers, New York. (A beautifully illustrated monograph.)

Hancock, J., and J.A. Kushlan

1984 The Herons Handbook.  Harper & Row, New York. (A condensed and more generally available version of the 1978 edition of The Herons of the World by Hancock and Elliott.)

Hancock, J., J.A. Kushlan, and M.P. Kahl

1992 Storks, Ibises and Spoonbills of the World. Academic Press, London, San Diego.

Harrap, S., and D. Quinn

1993 Chickadees, Tits, Nuthatches & Tree Creepers. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Hume, R

1991 Owls of the World. Running Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (distribution maps, list of measurements.)

Harrison, C.

1990 Seabirds of Hawaii. Natural History and Conservation. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Isler, M.L., and P.R.

1987 The Tanagers: Natural history , Distribution and Identification. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Johnsgard, P.A.

1973 Grouse and Quails of North America. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln. (Comparative biology of the groups and species accounts.)

1978 Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

1981 Plovers, Sandpipers, and Snipes of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

1983 Cranes of the World.  Indiana University Press, Bloomington.

1987 Diving Birds of North America.  University of Nebraska Press, Bloomington. (Comparative biology and species accounts of Loons, Grebes and Auks with keys and an extensive bibliography.)

1988 North American Owls. Biology and Natural History. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

1990 Hawks, Eagles, & Falcons of North America. Biology and Natural History. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Part one on biology and behavior; part two devoted to species accounts.)

1991 Bustards, Hemipodes and Sandgrouse. Birds of Dry Places. Oxford University Press, New York.

1993 Cormorants, Darters, and Pelicans of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

1997 Hummingbirds of North America. 2nd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. (Comprehensive account.)

Kemp, A.

1995 The Hornbills (Bucerotiformes) Bird Families of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.

Lambert, F., and M. Woodcock

1996 Pittas, Broadbills and Asities. Pica Press, East Sussex, England.

Madge, S., and H. Burn

1994 Crows and Jays. A Guide to the Crows, Jays and Magpies of the World. Houghton Mifflin and Co., Boston, New York

McNulty, F.

1966 The Whooping Crane: the Bird that Defies Extinction.  E.P. Dutton and Co., New York. (Interesting chapters on nest site location and attempts at breeding Whooping Cranes in captivity.)

Nelson, Bryan

1979 Seabirds, their Biology and Ecology.  A. & W. Publishers, New York.

Orians, G.H.

1985 Blackbirds of the Americas.  University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Peterson, R.T.

1979 Penguins.  Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. (A pictorial account with personal observations.)

Reilly, P.

1994 Penguins of the World. Oxford University Press, Australia.

Restall, R.

1996 Munias and Mannikins. Yale University Press, New Haven and London.

Schorger, A.W.

1955 The Passenger Pigeon. Its Natural History and Extinction.  University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.

Short, L.

1982 Woodpeckers of the World. Delaware Museum of Natural History, Monograph No. 4.  Foris Publications, Cinnaminson, New Jersey.

Simpson, G.G.

1976 Penguins: Past and Present, Here and There. Yale University Press, New Haven. (The discovery of penguins, their evolutionary history with a review of penguin biology, distribution, and factors threatening their existence.)

Skutch, A.F.

1973 The Life of the Hummingbird. Crown Pub., New York. (An easy to read detailed account of hummingbird behavior: how they eat, fly, breed, nest, vocalize and protect themselves. Central American species are featured.)

1985 Life of the Woodpecker. Ibis, California. (Woodpecker biology.)

Skutch, A.F.

1989 Life of the Tanager. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. (Tanager behavior and biology.)

1991 Life of the Pigeon. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. (Behavioral ecology, reproductive aspects, pigeon-human relations, homing pigeons and navigation.)

Smith, S.M.

1991 The Black-Capped Chickadee. Behavioral Ecology and Natural History. Comstock Publishers Associates, Ithaca, New York.

Soothill, E. and R.

1982 Wading Birds of the World. Blandford Press, Poole, Dorset. (A series of species accounts with large color photographs)

Stalmaster, M.U.

1986 The Bald Eagle.  Universe Books, New York. (Subjects include evolution, classification, populations, distribution, feeding, eaglet biology, winter ecology, diet, habitat use and interaction with man.)

Summers-Smith, J.D.

1963 The House Sparrow.  Collins, London.  (Study of sparrow behavior with chapters on origin, distribution, and relationship with man.)

Tinbergen, N.

1953 The Herring Gull's World.  Collins, London. (An observational and experimental study of the social behavior of gulls.)

Todd, F.S.

1979 Waterfowl: Ducks, Geese & Swans of the World. Sea World Press, San Diego, CA. (Excellent photographs of most species.)

Walkinshaw, L.

1973 Cranes of the World. Winchester Press, New York. (Chapters on each of 15 species; extensive bibliography.)

Williams, T.D.

1995 The Penguins Spheniscidae. Bird Families of the World Series. Oxford university Press, Oxford and New York.

Winkler, H., D.A. Christie and D. Nurney

1995 Woodpeckers. A Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, New York.




Alcock, J.

1989 Animal Behavior: An Evolutionary Approach. 4th edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts. (includes much information on bird behavior.)

Armstrong, E.A.

1947 Bird Display and Behavior.  Lindsay Drummond, London. (An introduction to the study of bird psychology.  Extensive coverage of the literature on reproductive behavior.)

Bent, A.C.

1919 to 1968 Life Histories of North American Birds. 23 vols. U.S. National Museum Bulletin, Washington, D.C. (Although some accounts are verbose and repetitive, the volumes contain information not easily found elsewhere in a single source. They are a good starting place for the study of the life history of any North American bird. Available as Dover paperback reprints, but more than half of those are out of print.)

Brown, J

1975 The Evolution of Behavior. Norton, New York. (Mostly about birds.)

Burger, J., and B.L. Olla (Editors)

1984 Behavior of Marine Animals.  Vol. 5, Shorebirds: Breeding Behavior and Populations; Vol. 6, Shorebirds: Migration and Foraging Behavior.  Plenum Press, New York and London.

Cody, M.L.

1974 Competition and the Structure of Bird Communities.  Princeton University Press, Princeton.  (Among the topics discussed: resource division and the niche, niche overlap, the variable competitive environment, parallel and convergent evolution, etc.)

DeGraaf, R.M., and J.H. Rappole

1995 Neotropical Migratory Birds: Natural History, Distribution, and Population Change. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, New York.

Dorst, J.

1961 The Migrations of Birds.  Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. (Discussion of migrations in all parts of the world; topics include modes of migration, hibernation, stimuli for migration, orientation, and evolution of migration.)

Elphick, J. (Editor)

1995 Collins Atlas of Bird Migration: Tracing the Great Journeys of the World's Birds. Harper Collins, London.

Farner, D.S., J.R. King and K.C. Parkes (Editors)

1971 to 1985 Avian Biology. Academic Press, New York. 8 volumes with additional volumes to come. (Among the numerous topics covered, each presented in separate essays with a bibliography, are the following: classification, origin and evolution, paleontology, sea bird ecology, biology of desert birds, molt, blood vascular system, respiratory function, digestion, reproduction, vision, endocrine glands, neuro- endocrinology, flight, migration, incubation, zoogeography, mating systems, domestication, fossil record.)

Gauthreaux, S.A.

1980 Animal Migration, Orientation and Navigation. Academic Press, New York.

Greenewalt, C.H.

1968 Bird Song: Acoustics and Physiology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. (Technical study based on the analysis of oscillograms. Includes 2 records of bird song, with a narrative by the author.)

Griffin, D.R.

1964 Bird Migration.  Doubleday & Co., Garden City, New York. ( 1974 reprint by Dover Pub.  An excellent short introduction to migration by a leading researcher in the field; includes use of radar, homing experiments, and celestial navigation.)

Heintzelman, D.S.

1986 The Migrations of Hawks.  Indiana University Press, Bloomington.  (Summary of New World hawk migration literature with current status.)

Hinde, R.A. (Editor)

1969 Bird Vocalizations.  University Press, Cambridge. (A series of essays dealing with various aspects of vocalizations: physical, physiological, functional, evolutionary, literary and esthetic.  Technical work.)

Jellis, R.

1984 Bird Sounds and Their Meaning. Reprint, 1977. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Kaufman, K.

1996 Lives of North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin, Boston and New York. (Life histories for 680 species.)

Lack, D.

1966 Population Studies of Birds.  Clarendon Press, Oxford.  (Discusses breeding seasons, clutch size, density- dependent mortality and territory in relation to current views on how animal numbers are determined in nature. Pen and ink drawings and photographs.)

1971 Ecological Isolation in Birds.  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford and Cambridge. (Discusses the mechanisms by which closely related birds live together without competing.)

Matthews, G.V.T.

1968 Bird Navigation. University Press, Cambridge. (Technical discussion of the physical bases of bird navigation and various theories in the field; extensive bibliography.)

Morton, E., and J. Page

1992 Animal Talk: Science and the Voices of Nature. Random House, New York. (Animal communication and sound production.)

National Geographic Society

1983 The Wonder of Birds.  National Geographic Society, Washington, DC. (Mainly photographs showing diversity of bird behavior.)

Ruppell, G.

1977 Bird Flight. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York.

Short, L.L.

1993 The Lives of Birds. Birds of the world and their behavior. Henry Holt and Co., New York.

Skutch, A.F.

1996 The Minds of Birds. Texas A & M University Press, College Station.

Thorpe, W.E.

1961 Bird-Song: The Biology of Vocal Communication and Expression in Birds.  University Press, Cambridge.  (A survey of the biology of birdsong, emphasizing experimental techniques.)

Tinbergen, N.

1953 Social Behavior in Animals. Methuen and Co. Ltd., London.(Covers mating behavior, family and group life, fighting, social cooperation, relations between different species and evolutionary aspects of social organization. 67 black and white line drawings and 8 black and white plates.)


Feduccia, A.

1996 The Origin and Evolution of Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven. (Excellent reference work on fossil birds.)

Grant, P.R.

1986 Ecology and Evolution of Darwin's Finches. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.  (Long term field studies of finch population in the Galapagos and treatment of the ecological and evolutionary processes influencing diversification of this group.)

Lack, D.

1947 Darwin's Finches. University Press at Cambridge. (Authoritative account of evolution in the Galapagos archipelago.)

Mindell, D.P.(Editor)

1997 Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics. Academic Press, San Diego. (Technical treatment: molecular genetics, morphology.)



Armstrong, E.A.

1975 The Life and Lore of the Bird in Nature, Art, Myth, and Literature.  Crown Publishers, New York.

Burk, B.

1982 Game Bird Carving.  New revised edition. Winchester Press, Tulsa, Oklahoma. (Contains some 800 photographs and detailed instructions.)

Long, J.L.

1981 Introduced Birds of the World: The Worldwide History, Distribution and Influence of Birds Introduced to New Environments.  Universe Books, New York. (Presents accounts of 425 introduced species; drawings and maps showing range and points of introduction are included.)

Martin, R.M.

1980 Cage & Aviary Birds.  Collins, London. (Topics include the history of bird keeping, choosing a bird, housing, feeding, breeding canaries, budgerigars, seedeaters, parrots, softbills.)

1983 Encyclopedia of Aviculture.  Keeping and Breeding Birds.  Arco Publications Inc., New York.

Proctor, N.

1986 Garden Birds. How to attract birds to your garden.  Rodale Press, Emmaus, Pennsylvania.

Stefferud, A., and A.L. Nelson (Editors)

1966 Birds in Our Lives.  U.S. Department of the Interior, BSFW, FWS. Washington, DC. (History of birds and many aspects of their relationship with man in the arts, sports, science, and nature.)


Beissinger, S.R., and N. Snyder (Editors)

1992 New World Parrots in Crisis- Solution from Conservation Biology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Based on the symposium, The Conservation Crisis of New World Parrots held in 1990; contains 11 chapters that include causes, pressures, aviculturalists' role, captive breeding, reintroduction, pet trade, solutions.)

Collar, N.J., and P. Andrew

1988 Birds to Watch. The ICBP World Checklist of Threatened Birds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 8. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Collar, N.J., and S.N. Stuart

1985 Threatened Birds of Africa and Related Islands. The ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book, Part 1, 3rd edition. International Council for Bird Preservation, 219c Huntingdon Rd., Cambridge CB3ODL, United Kingdom. 761 pp.

Collar, N.J., L.P. Gonzaga, N. Krabbe, et al

1993 Threatened Birds of the Americas. The ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book, Part 2, 3rd edition. International Council for Bird Preservation, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Collar, N.J., M.J. Crosby, and A.J. Stattersfield

1994 Birds to Watch 2. The World List of Threatened Birds. Revised Edition. Birdlife International and the Smithsonian Press, Washington, DC. (1200 birds identified with brief details on distribution, habitat, population numbers and trends.)

Croxall, J.P.

1991 Seabird - Status and Conservation: A Supplement. ICBP Technical Publication No. 11, Cambridge, England.

Croxall, J.P., P.G. H. Evans, and R.W. Schreiber (Editors)

1984 Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2, Cambridge, England.

Davis, W.H., and P. Roca

1995 Bluebirds and Their Survival. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington.

Doughty, R.W.

1990 Return of the Whooping Crane. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Very readable account of the problems facing biologists, conservationists, Federal agencies and interested laymen trying to save species from extinction.)

Ehrlich, P.R., D.S. Dobkin and D. Wheye

1992 Birds in Jeopardy. Stanford University Press, California. (Rare and extinct birds)

Greenberg, R.

1995 Bring Back the Birds: what you can do to save threatened species. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania.

Greenway, J.C., Jr.

1967 Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. 2nd revised edition. Dover Publications, New York.  (A comprehensive study of extinct and threatened birds.  Some of the content is out-dated; see King citation.)

Keast, A., and E. Morton (Editors)

1980 Migrant Birds in the Neotropics: Ecology, Behavior, Distribution, and Conservation: Proceedings of a Symposium held at the Conservation and Research Center, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, October 27-29, 1977.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

King, W.B. (Compiler)

1981 Endangered Birds of the World.  ICBP Bird Red Data Book.  Smithsonian Institution Press and International Council for Bird Preservation, Washington, D.C. (Reprinted, revised and updated text of Vol. II Aves in the Red Data Book series of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources [IUCN] in paperbound version.)

Mountfort, G.

1988 Rare Birds of the World. The Stephen Greene Press, Lexington, Massachusetts. (First section covers evolution of birds, threats to them, environmental degradation and history of bird protection; second section gives species accounts treated by regions. Appendices tabulate status, range and listing on CITES and lists all birds known to become extinct since 1600.)

Stotz, D.F., and J.W. Fitzpatrick, T.A. Parker, and D.K. Moskovits

1996 Neotropical Birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Temple, S.A. (Editor)

1978 Endangered Birds, Management Techniques for Preserving Threatened Species. Proceedings of a Symposium.  University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. (Technical.)

1983 Bird Conservation Yearbook.  Yearbook of the U.S. Section of the ICBP.  University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.  (First of an annual series.)

1985 Bird Conservation 2.  University Press, Madison.  (Island birds of the U.S.)

Terborgh, J.

1989 Where Have All the Birds Gone? Essays on the biology and conservation of birds that migrate to American tropics. Princeton University Press, New Jersey. (Includes missing songbird migrants, crucial habitats, deforestation, conservation.)

Tucker, G., M. Heath, L. Tomialojc, and R. Grimmett

1994 Birds in Europe Their Conservation Status. Birdlife International and Smithsonian Press. Washington, DC. (Review of the conservation status of birds in the European Palaearctic, Turkey, and Greenland; includes range maps, tables, trends, major threats and measures needed to conserve birds.)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

1973 on Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Division of Endangered Species, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC. (Contains the names of all species of wildlife which have been determined by the Services to be endangered or threatened.) Copies may be obtained from the Publication Unit, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 130-WEBB, Washington, DC 20240.

Walkinshaw, L.H.

1983 Kirtland's Warbler.  The Natural History of an Endangered Species.  Cranbrook Institute of Sciences, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.

Walters, M.J.

1992 A Shadow and a Song. The struggle to save an endangered species. Chelsea Green Publishing Company, Vermont. (Story of the life and death of the Dusky Seaside sparrow.)

Wege, D.C., and A.J. Long

1994 Priority Areas for Threatened Birds in the Neotropics. Birdlife International and the Smithsonian Institution Press. (Mexico south including major Caribbean islands.)


Rickert, J.E. (Editor)

1978 A Guide to North American Bird Clubs. Avian Pub. Inc., Kentucky (Cites birding reports, publications, field trips and meetings of clubs in each state with the addition of Canada and Mexico. May be somewhat dated, but it is the only book of its kind.)


AMERICAN BIRDS: Published by the National Audubon Society, 950 Third Ave., New York, New York 10022 documenting occurrence and abundance of species on an annual basis. Superseded in 1994 by the National Audubon Society Field Notes which similarly publishes same information minus articles.

AUK: Published by the American Ornithologists' Union, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, this quarterly journal reports original scientific research related to birds. Available through membership in the A.O.U.

BIRD CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL: Published for the ICBP by Cambridge University Press. Subscription inquiries to Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th St., New York, NY 10011. Features major conservation issues facing birds, threatened species and their habitats.

BIRDING: A popular journal with articles on identification and where to find birds, published bi-monthly by the American Birding Association. Membership inquiries should be sent to American Birding Association, Box 6599, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80934; Tel. 800-634-7736.

CONDOR: Published by the Cooper Ornithological Society. For membership information, write to Ornithological Societies of North America (OSNA), P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, Kansas 66044-8897.

JOURNAL OF FIELD ORNITHOLOGY: A continuation of BIRD BANDING, published by the Association of Field Ornithologists, Inc. Membership information is available from Ornithological Societies of North America (OSNA), P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, Kansas 66044-8897.

THE ORNITHOLOGICAL NEWSLETTER ON-LINE: An on-line newsletter provided by the Ornithological Societies of North America (OSNA).

WATERBIRDS (formerly COLONIAL WATERBIRDS): Published twice a year by the Waterbird Society. Membership inquires should be addressed to:
Christine M. Custer
Upper Mississippi Environmental Sciences Center
2630 Fanta Reed Rd.
La Crosse, WI 54603 USA
(608) 783-6451
Information on activities of society on web page, (Articles on the ecology, biology, management, status and populations of waterbirds.)

WILSON BULLETIN: Published quarterly by the Wilson Ornithological Society. Membership inquiries: sLaurie Goodrich, Route 2 Box 301A, New Ringgold, PA 17960-9445; e-mail


Prepared by the Department of Vertebrate Zoology,
National Museum of Natural History, in cooperation with Public Inquiry Services,
Smithsonian Institution

November 1997 edition
revised 4/2001



Smithsonian Information
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