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Before Freedom Came: African American Life in the Antebellum South


Alexander, Adele Logan. Ambiguous Lives: Free Women of Color in Rural Georgia, 1789-1879. Fayetteville: Univ. of Arkansas Press, 1991.

This account tracks the hidden story of free women of color in antebellum Georgia.

Bennett, Lerone Jr,. Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America. Chicago: Johnson Publishing Company, Inc., 1987.

A history of African Americans from 1619 to 1987.

Berlin, Ira. Slaves Without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South. New York: Pantheon Books, 1974.

The story of black people in the South and how they maintained and struggled to expand their liberty in a slave society.

Blockson, Charles L. The Underground Railroad. New York: Prentice Hall Press, 1987.

First-person narratives of those individuals who traveled the routes of the Underground Railroad to freedom.

Campbell, Edward D.C. and Kym S. Rice, eds. Before Freedom Came: African American Life in the Antebellum South. Richmond: The Museum of the Confederacy, 1991.

An exploration of the lifestyles and contributions of enslaved and free African Americans and their struggles and triumphs.

Everett, Susanne. History of Slavery. Greenwich: Brompton Books Corp, 1991.

A history of American slavery that begins with enslaved peoples of the ancient world.

Green, Constance McLaughlin. The Secret City. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967.

A history of race relations and civil rights in Washington, D.C. from 1792 to 1965.

Gutman, Herbert G. The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750-1925. Pantheon Books: New York, 1976.

A treatment on the survival of the black family and how African American culture was sustained.

Harding, Vincent. There is a River: The Struggle for Freedom in America. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, 1981.

A history of the African American freedom movement that includes slave revolts, black codes, Richard Alien, Denmark Vesey, Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, Nat Turner, and other figures and issues.

Jacobs, Harriet A. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987.

One of the few narratives of slave life in the South from the 1820s to the 1840s told by a woman.

Mellon, James, ed. Bullwhip Days: The Slaves Remember. New York: Weindenfeld & Nicholson, 1988.

Interviews given in the 1930s by former slaves recount their lives before emancipation.

Snethen, Worthington G. The Black Codes of the District of Columbia. New York: William Harned, 1848.

This is an actual publication of the Black Codes that were enforced during the 1800s.

Tremain, Mary. Slavery in the District of Columbia. New York: G.P. Putman Sons, 1892.

A history the District's formation and government in the context of slavery laws and legislature, and how they affected blacks.

Vlach, John Michael. By the Work of Their Hands: Studies in Afro-American Folklife. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1991.

A study of African American folk art and craft including ironworks, sculpture, architecture, pottery, quilts, and woven goods.


Prepared by the Anacostia Community Museum Education Office
in cooperation with Public Inquiry Services,
Smithsonian Institution


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