Microscopy: Technical Information Sheet

BOXWOODS

Boxwoods

The woods known as "boxwood" contain many different species, from several families. These woods are generally characterized as being hard, heavy and tough, with a fine, smooth texture. They are utilized for a variety of tasks where they show little wear over time, such as printing blocks, rulers, mallets, tool handles, etc.

 Amorphospermum antilogum (Sapotaceae) Brown pearlwood, brown pearwood, milky plum, plum boxwood, silky hornbeam.

Aspidosperma parvifolium (Apocynaceae) Amarilla yema de huevo, amarilla yema de huore, amarillo, amarillo boj, candado, dottergelb, guariche, guaricho, guatambu, India box, kanirip, lima montanera, limoncillo, manzanillo, membrillo, muira-jussara, naranjillo, palo amarillo, pau marfim, pau setim, pequia, pequia amarilla, pequia marfim, pereiro do campo, peroba amarella, peroba setim, pinshi-caspi, quillo-bordon, shibadan, shiritkan, Venezuelan boxwood, walababadan, West Indian box, Westindisches buchs, yema de hueva, yemo de huevo, zapatero.

Bumelia obovata (Sapotaceae) Arana gato, bois de fer, boxwood, breakbill, jiqui, lechecillo, malarmo, pajui, palu di lechi, palu di pluta, pasita, patillo, pintop, placa chiquitu, quiebrahacha, rambeshi, sapote.

Buxus balearica (Buxaceae) Balearic box , balearic box-tree, balaerisch buchs, balearischer buchsbaum, bossolo gentile, boxwood, buis de mahon, buis de minorque, buis des baleares, minorca box.

Buxus japonica (Buxaceae) Boxwood, Japanese boxwood, tsuge.

Buxus macowanii (Buxaceae) Africaanse buksboom, Afrikanisch buchs, Afrikansk buxbom, African box, African boxwood, bois du Cape, boj Africana, boj de Africa, bosso del capo, boxwood, buig-mij-niet, buig-my-nie, buis du Cap, Cape box, Cape boxwood, colonial box, East African box, East London boxwood, East-London palmhout, gala-gala, notobuxus, South African box.

Buxus microphylla (Buxaceae) Boj, bosso, boxwood, buis, buxbom, buxus, Formosa boxwood, huang-yang, Taiwan asama tsuge.

Buxus sempervirens (Buxaceae) Abassian boxwood, abendlandisches ebenholz, anatolian box, asama-tsuge, Aziatische buxus, bois beni, boix, boj, boksboom, boschtom, bosso, bosso comun, bosso verde, bossolo, bossolo di constantinopoli, box, box-tree, boxwood, bsa,buchsbaum, buchs, buhs, buhsboum, buis, buis bei, buis commun, bius toujours vert, buje, buksboom, bus, busso, buszpan, bux, buxbom, buxbomstra, buxo, Circassian box, Circassian boxwood, common box, Corsican box, echtes buchs, English boxwood, European box, European boxwood, feasshur, gemeiner boxbaum, gemeiner buchs, genuine boxwood, Iranian box, Iranian boxwood, Japanisch buchs, kaukasisch buchs, kavkazskaja-palma, legno martello, levantinisch buchs, madera de boj, madera de buxo, madera do buxo, nordisches ebenholz, North African boxwood, orientalisch buchs, palmboompje, palmhout, Persian box, Persian boxwood, puxari, puxos, samsheet, true box, tsuge, turco boj, turkischer buchsbaum, Turkish box, Turkish boxwood, Turks palmhout.

Buxus wallichiana (Buxaceae) Boxwood, buis de Wallich, chickdi, chickri, chicxri, chikri, papar, paprang, papri, sansad, sansadu, shamshad, shanda laghune, shumaj.

Canthium didymum (Rubiaceae) Arsul, ayap, bakoi, Ceylon boxwood, dalsingha, embulong udok, garbha, gojha, gurah babi, hanigigari, hunnagere, irambaratthan, janang, jur, krawit, nalla balasu, surabubu, tolan, tulang ular, vatchkuran, xuong ca.

Casearia praecox (Flacourtiaceae) Agracejo, agracejo de monte, box, boxwood, brusete, buis d’Amerique, buis des Antilles, castelo, chilillo, Colombian boxwood, Cuban boxwood, cuchillo, Florida boxwood, fruta paloma, India box, jia, jia de monte, lima, limoncillo, malfil, manzanito de montana, manzano, Maracaibo box, Maracaibo boxwood, marfil, naranjillo, palo blanco, pate de paloma, pau branco, sapatero, South American boxwood, vara de piedra, vara piedra, Venezuelan box, Venezuelan boxwood, West Indian box, West Indian boxwood, Westindisches buchs, zapatero, zapatero de Maracaibo, zapatero de Venezuela.

Cassine australis (Celastraceae) Blush boxwood, olivewood.

Cornus florida (Cornaceae) American box, arrow-wood, blomsterkornell, blumen hartriegel, bois de chein, bois fleche, box, boxwood, dog box, cornel, cornel box, cornelian-wood, corniolo americano, cornouiller de la floride, cornus americano, country-timber, dogwood, false box, false box dogwood, false boxwood, Florida dogwood, flowering cornel, flowering dogwood, Indian arrow-wood, kornel, New England boxwood, red osier, red willow, white cornel.

Drypetes lasiogyna (Euphorbiaceae) Gray boxwood, yellow tuilp, yellow tulipwood.

Esenbeckia febrifuga (Rutaceae) Anacoa, angustora, apogitaguara, apoitaguara, atata, Brazilian boxwood, gasparee, gasparil, gasparillo, guaranta, guarantan, guaratan, hokab, ibira-obiguazu, jopoy, larangdo matto, larangeira, laranjeira do matto, laranjera, mameninho, mamonhinho, mendanha, naranjillo bravo, palillo, palo amarillo, pao duro, tres folhas vermelha, Venezuelan boxwood, verde lucero, wild orange.

Esenbeckia leiocarpa (Rutaceae) Anacoa, angustora, apogitaguara, apoitaguara, atata, Brazilian boxwood, duro, gasparee, guaranta, guaratan, hokab, ibira-obiguazu, jopoy, larangeira, mendanha, palillo, palo, palo amarillo, pao duro, pau duro, Venezuelan boxwood, verde lucero, wild orange.

Eucalyptus cypellocarpa (Myrtaceae) Bastard box, bastard gum, boxwood, bundy, goniocalyx gum, grey mountain gum, long-leaved box, monkey gum, mountain blue gum, mountain grey gum, mountain gum, small-fruited mountain gum, silvertop, spotted mountain gum, white gum.

Euxylophora paraensis (Rutaceae) Amarello, amarello brasiliano, amarello cetim, amarello dePara, amarello macheado, amarello van Para, amarello vinhatico, amarillo, Brazilian boxwood, Brazilian satinwood, buis de Bresil, buis du Bresil, canarywood, limao-rana, limao-rana branco, muirataua, pao amarello, pao setim, para-amarello, pau amarello, pau amarelo, pau cetim, pau de tim, pau setim, pequea setim, pequia cetim, sateenwood, satenwood, satinwood, sueava, vinhatico de espinho, vinhatico de macaco.

Gardenia latifolia (Rubiaceae) Ceylon boxwood, dum-kurdu, gardenia, ghogar, ghogari, gogarni, Himalaya buchs, India box, India boxwood, jantia, katarang, kota ranga, kumbay, kurudu, pandru, paniabila, papa, papar, papara, papur, paria, pedda bikki, pempri, piphar, popro.

Gonioma kamassi (Apocynaceae) African boxwood, boxwood, buchs, buis du Cap, buis Kamassi, Cape box, Cape boxwood, East London Box, East London boxwood, false box, false Cape box, kamani, Kamassi, Kamassi box, Kamassi boxwood, Kamassihout, Kamassi-wood, Knysna box, Knysna boxwood, South African box, South African boxwood, West African box.

Gyminda latifolia (Celastraceae) False boxwood.

Helietta plaena (Rutaceae) Anacao, anacoa, angustoram apogitaguara, apoitaguara, ata- ata, atata, Brazilian boxwood, gasparee, gipato, guaranta, guaratan, hokab, ibira-obiguazu, jopoy, larangeira, mendanha, palillo, palo amarillo, pau duro, Venezuelan boxwood, verde lucero, West Indian sandalwood, wild orange.

Homalium alnifolium (Flacourtiaceae) Brown boxwood.

Homalium circumpinnatum (Flacourtiaceae) Brown boxwood.

Ilex opaca (Aquifoliaceae) Acebo americano, agrifoglio americano, American holly, Amerikaanse hulst, boxwood, dune holly, evergreen holly, holly, houx americain, hummock holly, Nordamerikanis stechpalme, scrub holly, white holly.

Jacaranda copaia (Bignoniaceae) Abey, aku, alieskieie, amauscu, amchi ponga copaia, arabisco, barba timao, bois a pian, bois pian, boxwood, caballitos, caco, cambote, carabuco, carauba, carnuba do matto, caroba do mato, caroba do matto, caroba manaca, caroba, carobucu, cedro blanco, chicharra caspi, chingala, chingale, chingali, chingalli, cobaja, copaia, copaya, copay, coroba, cupay, faux, faux simarouba, fettej-ie, flor azul, foete-ie, foetei, fotui, fute, futgallina, futi, futui, gallinazo, gobaia, gobaja, goebaja, gualandai, gualandano, gualanday, guarupa, huaman-zamana, ishpingo, ishtapi, jacaranda, jaifi, jaivie, jassie, jassie-hoedoe, jawie, joivie, kabana, koepaja, kopaia, koroballi, kuiship, mampa falso, marupa falso, n’gobaya, nazare, noedol, nogal blanco, palo de buba, parapara, paravisco, pasai, pavito, phootie, phootie, samarapa, samarupa, simarouba faux, simarouba, tarco, tinto blanco, totui, trysil, yachibon, yachimambo, zweer-hout, zweren-zalf.

Maytenus disperma (Celastraceae) Orangebark, orange boxwood, yellowbark

Murraya paniculata (Rutaceae) Andaman satinwood, atal, azabar de la India, azahar, azahar de jardin, banaasi, banate, banati, bibzar, bilgar, bois de Chine, bois jasmin, boj de Persia, boxwood, buis de Chine, Buis de Inde, bun, Burmese box, cafe de la India, cao iy vong, cay nguyet, chaljuti, Chinese box, Chinese boxwood, Chinese myrtle, citronera, cosmetic bark-tree, dogwood, jasmin de Arabia, jazmin de Persia, jasmin frances, juti, juti mersolo, kada-kongi-cheddi, kamenee, kamini, kamoening, kamuning, kemouning, kemukampong, kemulada, kemuneng, kemuning, keo, kunli, kunti, limonaria, limoncillo, maraya, marchi, marchulajuti, marchula, marsan, meke, mirto, mockorange, moksongayok, muralera, murraya, naga golunga, naranjillo, nguyet qui, nguyet-qui-tau, orange jessamine, pandry, raket-berar, satinwood, thanatka, yazana.

Niemeyera chartaceae (Sapotaceae) Brown pearwood, milky plum, plum boxwood, silky hornbeam.

Niemeyera prunifera (Sapotaceae) Brown pearwood, milky plum, plum boxwood, silky hornbeam.

Ochna arborea (Ochnaceae) African boxwood, boxwood, Cape plane, redwood, roodhout.

Ochna natalitia (Ochnaceae) Coast boxwood, umbovu.

Ochna oconnorii (Ochnaceae) Morelle, Transvaal boxwood.

Paxistima myrsinites (Celastraceae) Oregon boxwood

Phyllostylon brasiliensis (Ulmaceae) Baitao, baitoa, baitou, bois blanc, boj de Santo Domingo, bosso del San Domingo, boxwood, buis de Saint Domingue, cara tibama, ceron, ibira-catu, jatia, membrillo, palo amarillo, palo blanco, palo de lanza, palo de lanza blanco, palo de lanza negro, palo lanza, palo lanza negro, pao branco, sabanero, sabonero, San Domingo boxwood, San Domingo palmhout, scron, St. Domingo box, tala grande, vareteiro, West Indian box, West Indian boxwood, Westindisch palmhout, whitewood, yao-si-y-guazu, yoa-si-y-guazu, yva-si-y-guazu.

Phyllostylon rhamnoides (Ulmaceae) Ibera-katu, ibira-catu, palo amarillo, San Domingo boxwood.

Planchonella arnhemica (Sapotaceae) Gulf coondoo, northern yellow boxwood, yellow boxwood.

Planchonella euphlebia (Sapotaceae) Hickory boxwood.

Planchonella kaernbachiana (Sapotaceae) New Guinea planchonella, white planchonella, yellow boxwood.

Planchonella laurifolia (Sapotaceae) Blush coondoo, coondoo, coondoo boxwood, plum box, sweetbark, tormenta.

Planchonella macrocarpa (Sapotaceae) Big-leaf planchonella, pink boxwood.

Planchonella obovata (Sapotaceae) Black ash, chenangel, elangel, kalamungus, lalahag, lala, limes, mamangkas, mangkas, marumangkas-na-lalak, nangka-nangka, nanka-nanka, northern yellow boxwood, panasi, tabagid, tuak-tuak, yellow boxwood, yellow teak.

Planchonella obovoidea (Sapotaceae) Black ash, mumu, northern yellow boxwood, red planchonella, sanariga, yellow boxwood, yellow teak.

Planchonella papyracea (Sapotaceae) Pink boxwood, pink planchonella.

Planchonella pohlmaniana (Sapotaceae) Black apple, engraverswood, yellow boxwood.

Planchonella torricellensis (Sapotaceae) Kete, maalava, mamalava, red planchonella, yellow boxwood.

Pouteria castanosperma (Sapotaceae) Milky plum, poison plum, saffron boxwood, yellow plum.

Schaefferia fructescens (Celastraceae) Amansa guapo, bois capable, bois petit garcon, bois pin marron, boxwood, cabra, cimarron, Florida box, Florida boxwood, fruta de paloma, guairaje, Jamaica box, jiba, limoncillo, petit garcon, yellow-wood, yellowwood de la floride.

Strychnos axillaris (Strychnaceae) Sagowood, threaded boxwood, threadwood

Xanthophyllum octandrum (Xanthophyllaceae) Cheesewood, false jitta, Macintyre boxwood, Mareeba stonewood, mealy yellow stonewood, milky jitta, sovereign-wood, yellow boxwood.

Xanthophyllum papuanum (Xanthophyllaceae) Boxwood, mole, New Guinea boxwood, Papua New Guinea boxwood.

 

References:

1. Anon. 1942. Buxus sempervirens, Boxwood. Wood 7(7):129-30.

2. Desch HE. 1948. The boxwoods. Wood 13(5):130-2.

3. Record SJ. 1922. Boxwoods of commerce. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 48:297-306.

4. Record SJ, Garratt GA. 1925. Boxwoods. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University, School of Forestry, Bulletin No. 14.