Mary W. Ballard

Address:
Senior Textiles Conservator
Museum Conservation Institute
Smithsonian Institution
Museum Support Center MRC 0534
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746
tel: 301-238-1210
email: ballardm@si.edu

Education:

Undergraduate: Wellesley College, B.A. 1971 History of Art
Graduate: Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, M.A. 1979
History of Art, Diploma of Conservation [Additional Coursework/education: upon request]

Experience:

Textile Conservator, Founders Society, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan. 1977-1984.

Senior Textile Conservator, Museum Conservation Institute, Smithsonian Institution (formerly Smithsonian Center for Materials Research and Education; formerly the Conservation Analytical Laboratory), Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 1984-present

Professional Activities:

Fellow, International Institute for Conservation

Fellow, American Institute for Conservation

Senior Member, American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists

Member, Textile Working Group, International Council of Museums, Conservation Committee

Member, Centre International d'Etude des Textiles Anciens

Licensed Pest Control Operator, Research and Demonstration, VII-F (Fumigation), State of Maryland, 1985-present

Officer/Board member, Washington Conservation Guild

Publications:

Archaeological Textiles:

Ballard, M. and Indictor, N. "Some Attitudes Towards Carbon-14 Dating of Textiles," Preprints, ICOM Triennial Meeting, Committee on Conservation, Lyon, France, 1999, 631-636.

Ballard, M. and Indictor, N. "Some Attitudes Towards Carbon-14 Dating of Textiles," Eastern Analytical Symposium Abstracts 1998,#294, p.105.

Ballard, M. "Dead Walter's Clothes," Archaeological Conservation and Its Consequences/Summaries of the Posters London: International Institute for Conservation, 1996, p.1.

Ballard, M. and I. Skals, "Masking and Misinterpreting Cotton Fibers: Dangers Associated with the fiber analysis of Archaeological Textiles," Archaeological Conservation and Its Consequences London: International Institute for Conservation, 1996, pp. 6-10.

Rosenberg, A., M.W.Ballard, A. Timár-Balázsy, and N. Indictor, "Appendix: Technical Notes," Indian Block Printed Cotton Fragments in the Kelsey Museum, University of Michigan. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993.

Cockburn, E. and M. Ballard, "Cotton in Ancient Egypt: A Unique Find," Proceedings of the First World Congress on Mummy Studies, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Canary Islands, February 3-6, 1992. Santa Cruz, Tenerife: Archeological Museum of Tenerife, 1996.

Museum Environment:

Ballard, M.W. and T. Parker, "Laws and Licensing" AIC Newsletter Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Conservation, vol. 22,#3 (Spring,1997):5 [reprinted Collections Caretaker, vol. 1#3 (Spring, 1998):2-3]

Ballard, M.W. "Checklist for Pest Control..." AIC Newsletter Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Conservation,vol. 22#3 (Spring, 1997):2-3, [reprinted Collections Caretaker, vol. 1#3 (Spring, 1998):4-5]

Ballard, M.W. "Climate and Conservation," The Textile Specialty Group Postprints, vol. II, ed. S. Thomassen Kraus, L. Eaton, and S.L. Rieter. Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Conservation, 1993, pp.31-45.

Heald, S., L. Commoner, and M. Ballard, "A Study of Deposits on Glass in Direct Contact with Mounted Textiles," The Textile Speciality Group Postprints,vol.III, ed. C.C. McLean. Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Conservation, 1994, pp. 6-18.

Ballard, M.W.."Emergency Planning," in Conservation Concerns: A Guide for Collectors and Curators, edited by Konstanze Bachmann. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992, 11-14.

Weintraub, S., R. Ziek, and M. Ballard. "Supplement: Museum Lighting and Deterioration," Art and Archaeological Technical Abstracts.vol. XV, No. 1 (Summer, 1978).

Ballard, M. and N. S. Baer. "Ethylene Oxide Fumigation: Results and Risk Assessment," Restaurator, vol. 7 (1986): 143-168.

Ballard, M. and N.S. Baer. "Conservation Notes: Is Fumigation Possible?," The International Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship, vol. 6, #1 (1987): 83-86.

Lim Chong Quek, M. Razak, and M. Ballard. "Pest Control for Temperate vs. Tropical Museums: North America vs. Southeast Asia," Preprints ICOM Committee for Conservation, Triennial Meeting, Dresden. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1990.

Rushfield, R.A. and Ballard, M.,editors. The Materials, Technology, and Art of Conservation: Studies in honor of Lawrence J. Majewski on the Occasion of his 80th Birthday, February 10, 1999. New York: Conservation Center, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1999.

Conservation Treatment Issues:

Ballard, M. "Mysteries and Speculations," Textile Conservation Newsletter, #34 (Spring, 1998):20-21.

Ballard, M.W. "More on Moisture: Cohesive, Temporary, or Permanent Set and Hygral Expansion," Textile Conservation Newsletter, #32 (Spring, 1997):5-20.

Ballard, M.W. "The Effect of Surfactant Residues on Silk," Preprints of the SFT Jubilee Conference on Silk, 1997 Stockholm: Svenska Föreningen för Textilkonserving (SFT), 1997.

Ballard, M. "Hanging Out: Strength, Elongation, and Relative Humidity--Some Physical Properties of Textile Fibers, Preprints ICOM Committee for Conservation, Triennial Meeting, Edinburgh. London: James and James (Science Publishers) Ltd., 1996.

Collins, S., M. Mecklenburg, and M. Ballard. "Fabric Selection and its Relationship to Dimensional Changes in Support Systems for Constrained Fabric Mounting Devices," "So many countries so many customs": different approaches to textile conservation International Conference of the ICOM Conservation Committee Working Group on Textiles, Budapest, Hungary September 11-15, 1995. London: Academic Projects, 1996.

Ballard, M. "Hanging Out with Tapestries, Carpets, Quilts: the Effect of Textile Properties on Appearance," Textile Conservation Group Newsletter (April, 1996) vol. 18, #2:

Ballard, M.W. "How Backings Work: the Effect of Textile Properties on Appearance," Lining and Backing: The Support of Paintings, Paper and Textiles, The UKIC Conference 7-8 November, 1995. London: The United Kingdom Institute for Conservation, 1995, pp. 14-39.

Goldberg, L. and M.W. Ballard, "Book Review: John Morgan Conservation of Plastics and David Grattan, editor Symposium 91 Saving the 20th Century: The Conservation of Modern Materials," Journal of the American Institute for Conservation vol. 34 (1995):86-89

Ballard, M.W. "How we see tapestries: the effect of textile properties on the appearance of tapestries," Abstracts d'Assemblée générale de Centre international d'étude des textiles anciens, Paris 18-21 septembre, 1995 Lyon: CIETA, 1995.

Ballard, M.W. "Hide Glue: Traditional Advantages and Disadvantages," The Conservation of 18th Century Painted Silk Costume, Symposium at the Costume Institute, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, March 2-3, 1995.

Ballard, M.W. "Mechanical Properties: Preview and Review," Textile Conservation Newsletter #28 (Spring, 1995): 14-28.

Collins, Stephen, Mary Ballard, and Marion Mecklenburg."Fabric Selection and Its Relationship to Dimensional Changes in Support Systems for Constrained Fabric Mounting Devices" Textiles on Parade: Exhibition Successes and Disasters. Washington, D.C.: Harpers Ferry Regional Textile Group, November 8-9, 1990. pp. 10-20.

Indictor, N. and Mary Ballard, "The Effects of Ageing on Textiles that Contain Metal: Implications for Analyses," Metals Conservation: 7th International Restorer Seminar, Veszprem, Hungary, July, 1989. Budapest: National Centre of Museums, 1990.

Ballard, M., R. J. Koestler, and N. Indictor. "Recent Results Concerning the Degradation of Historic Silk Flags," Preprints ICOM Committee for Conservation, Triennial Meeting, Dresden. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1990.

Ballard, M. and Lim C. Q. "An Unfinished Solution for an Unfinished Batik," Second Annual Art Conservation Training Programs Conference, University of Delaware, 1976.

Ballard, M. "The Removal of Crosslinked Synthetic Latex from Carpets: Preliminary Results," International Council on Museums, Conservation Committee Preprints, Triennial Meeting, Sydney, 1987.

_________ and P. Czubay, "Latex Misuse on Historic Carpets and Textiles," Polymer Preprints, vol. 33, no. 2, Papers Presented at the 204th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 1992.

Ballard, M. "Mothproofing Museum Textiles," International Council on Museums: Conservation Committee, Triennial Meeting, Copenhagen, 1984 Preprints, pp. 89.9.1 - 89.9.6.

Dyes and Pigments:

Ballard. M.W. "The Stability and Durability of Pigment/Resin Aqueous Printing Systems on Fabrics" Textile Conservation Group Preprints: The Treatment and Handling of Textiles with Associated Problematic Materials New York: Textile Conservation Group, October 6-7, 1994. pp.11-44.

Knutson, T. and M. Ballard. "Dyeing Polyester: Disperse Dyes for Textile Conservation Work," Ninth Symposium Harpers Ferry Regional Textile Group: 20th Century Materials, Testing and Textile Conservation, November, 1988, pages 57-74.

Ballard, M., R.J. Koestler, and N. Indictor. "Weighted Silks Observed Using Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry" Scanning Electron Microscopy, vol 2 (1986): 499-506.

Ballard, M., R.J. Koestler, C. Blair, and N. Indictor. "Historic Silk Flags Studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy," Chapter 24, Eighth Symposium on Archeological Chemistry, American Chemical Association, 1987.

Ballard, M., R.J. Koestler, C. Blair, C. Santamaria, and N. Indictor. "Historic Silk Flags from Harrisburg," Historic Paper and Textiles: Conservtaion and Characterization II. American Chemical Society, 1989.

Laboratory Protocols:

Ballard, M. and N.S. Baer. "Conservation Notes: Halogenated Hydrocarbon Drycleaning Solvents," The International Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship, vol 8, #3 (1989):336-344.

Baer, N. S., M.Ballard, and N. Indictor. "Considerations in the Development of Textile Conservation Laboratories," Conservazione e Restauro dei Tessili. Como, Italy: C.I.S.S.T., 1981.

Ballard, M. "Textiles: Rotating Display,: Art and Antiques Magazine.vol IV, No. 4 (November/December, 1981): 42,122.

Rhee, H. and M.W. Ballard, "Surfactants and Silk," Harpers Herry Regional Textile Group 11th Preservation Symposium. Washington, D.C.: Harpers Ferry Regional Textile Group, 1992.

Rhee, H. and M.W.Ballard, "Residues of Surfactants on Silk," Preprints ICOM Committee for Conservation, Triennial Meeting, Washington, D.C. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1993.

Rhee, H. and M.W.Ballard, "The Chemical Interaction of Surfactants with Fibers, Especially Silk," The Textile Specialty Group Postprints, vol. III. ed. C.C. McLean, Washington, .C.: American Institute for Conservation, 1994, pp. 28-37.

Ballard, M., En.N. Caner-Saltik, R. Drewello, P.S.C. Caston, and M. Schuler. "Appendix 2: Proposal to Bridge the Gap Between Theory and Practice in the Conservation of Ancient Monuments," Durability and Change: The Science, Responsibility and Cost Sustaining Cultural Heritage, edited by W.E. Krumbein, P.Brimblecombe, D.E. Cosgrove, and S. Staniforth. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1994, pp. 290-292.

S. Staniforth, Rapporteur; M.W. Ballard, E.N. Caner-Saltik, R. Drewello, I.-L. Eckmann, W.E. Krumbein, T. Padfield, M.W. Reddy, M. Schuller, S. Simon, L. Slavoshevskaya, N.H. Tennent, W. Wolters (Moderator), "Group Report: What are Appropriate Strategies to Evaluate Change and to Sustain Cultural Heritage," Chapter 17, Durability and Change: The Science, Responsibility and Cost Sustaining Cultural Heritage, edited by W.E. Krumbein, P.Brimblecombe, D.E. Cosgrove, and S. Staniforth. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1994, pp. 217-224.

Exhibition and Conservation Projects; Consultative Work; Conservation Courses and Symposia; Interns, Fellows, and Collaborative Initiatives: upon request