FAQs Smithsonian World: From Information to Wisdom

Dedicated to exploring the full scope of modern culture, Smithsonian World was produced by the Smithsonian Institution and WETA-TV between 1984 and 1991 and examined a variety of subjects, including the arts, humanities, science, history, and technology. "From Information to Wisdom" (1991) features interviews with leading experts in the field of artificial intelligence asking young students, "Are computers alive?"

Suggested References

Asimov, Isaac. Asimov's New Guide to Science. rev. ed. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Augarten, Stan. Bit by Bit: An Illustrated History of Computers and Their Inventors. New York: Ticknor and Fields, 1984.

Barr, Avron, Edward Feigenbaum, and Paul Cohen. The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence. 3 vols. Los Altos, CA: William Kaufmann, 1982.

Beniger, James R. The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Brand, Stewart. The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT. New York: Viking, 1987.

Burke, James. The Day the Universe Changed. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1986.

Case, John. Digital Future: The Personal Computer Explosion-Why It's Happening and What It Means. New York: William Morrow and Company, 1985.

Chposky, James, and Ted Leonsis. Blue Magic: The People, Power, and Politics Behind the IBM Personal Computer. New York: Facts on File, 1988.

Cohen, I. Bernard. Revolution in Science. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1985.

Corn, Joseph J., ed. Imagining Tomorrow: History, Technology, and the American Future. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1986.

Crichton, Michael. Electronic Life: How to Think About Computers. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1983.

Demengeot, J., et al., eds. Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Sciences. Proceedings in Nonlinear Science Series. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1988.

Dennett, Daniel C. Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology. Higher Mental Processes Series. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981.

Feigenbaum, Edward, et al. The Rise of the Expert Company: How Visionary Companies Are Using Computers to Make Huge Profits. New York: Times Books, 1988.

Forester, Tom, ed. Computers in the Human Context: Information Technology, Productivity, and People. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1989.

Garson, Barbara. The Electronic Sweatshop: How Computers are Transforming the Office of the Future into the Factory of the Past. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988.

Heiferman, Marvin, Lisa Phillips, and John G. Hanhardt. Image World: Art and Media Culture. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1989.

Hunt, Morton. The Universe Within: A New Science Explores the Human Mind. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1982.

Johnson, George. Machinery of the Mind: Inside the New Science of Artificial Intelligence. New York: Times Books, 1986.

Levine, Howard, and Howard Rheingold. The Cognitive Connection: Thought and Language in Man and Machine. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Press, 1987.

McCorduck, Pamela. The Universal Machine: Confessions of a Technological Optimist. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1985.

McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1964.

Meyrowitz, Joshua. No Sense of Place: The Impact of the Electronic Media on Social Behavior. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Miller, Arthur R. The Assault on Privacy: Computers, Data Banks and Dossiers. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1971.

Moravec, Hans. Mind Children: The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Mount, Dr. Ellis, and Beatrice Kovacs. Science and Technology Information Sources. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1991.

Papert, Seymour. Mindstorms: Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas. New York: Basic Books, 1980.

Plous, Phyllis, Nancy Doll, and Diane Shamash. Pulse 2: Report on a Phenomenon. Santa Barbara, CA: University Art Museum, 1990.

Porter, Roy, ed. Man Masters Nature: Twenty-Five Centuries of Science. New York: George Braziller, 1987.

Reid, T.R. The Chip: How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984.

Ritchie, David. The Binary Brain: Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Electronics. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1984.

Rose, Frank. Into the Heart of the Mind: An American Quest for Artificial Intelligence. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1984.

Roszak, Theodore. The Cult of Information: The Folklore of Computers and the True Art of Thinking. New York: Pantheon Books, 1986.

Schank, Roger C., and Peter G. Childers. The Cognitive Computer: On Language, Learning, and Artificial Intelligence. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1984.

Slater, Robert. Portraits in Silicon. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1987.

Smith, Robert E., and Eric Siegel. War Stories: Accounts of People Victimized by Invasions of Privacy. Providence, RI: The Privacy Journal, 1990.

Sweeney, Gerald P., ed. Information and the Transformation of Society. Contemporary Topics in Information Transfer Series. Amsterdam, NY: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1982.

Turkle, Sherry. The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984.

U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. Power On! New Tools for Teaching and Learning. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988.

WGBH Boston. Nova: Adventures in Science. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1982.

Watson, Thomas J., Jr., and Peter Petre. Father, Son and Company: My Life at IBM and Beyond. New York: Bantam Books, 1990.

Whittemore, Hank. CNN: The Inside Story: How a Band of Mavericks Changed the Face of Television News. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1990.

Williams, Michael R. A History of Computing Technology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1985.

Wygant, Alice C., and O.W. Markley. Information and the Future: A Handbook of Sources and Strategies. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Zuboff, Shoshana. In the Age of the Smart Machine: The Future of Work and Power. New York: Basic Books, 1988.

Selected Articles

Aldersey-Williams, Hugh. "Sharpest Look Yet Inside the Body." Popular Science 232 (June 1988): 75-77, 107-109.

Attaran, Mohsen. "The Automated Factory: Justification and Implementation." Business Horizons 32 (May-June 1989): 80-86.

Bulkeley, William M. "Computers Failing as Teaching Aids." Wall Street Journal (June 6, 1988): 23.

Carpenter, Betsy. "Will Machines Ever Think?" U.S. News and World Report 105 (October 17, 1988): 64-65.

Heppenheimer, T.A. "Nerves of Silicon." Discover 9 (February 1988): 70-79.

Hillis, Daniel W. "Daniel Hillis on Artificial Intelligence." Esquire 104 (December 1985): 214-216.

_____. "Intelligence as an Emergent Behavior." Daedalus 117 (Winter 1988): 175-189.

Hoffman, Paul. "Reflection: Your Mindless Brain." Discover 8 (September 1987): 84-87.

Meyrowitz, Joshua. "Politics in the Video Eye: Where Have All the Heroes Gone?" Psychology Today 18 (July 1984): 46-48.

Mulgan, Geoffrey. "Machines for Living In." New Society 83 (March 4, 1988): 18-20.

Needham, Nancy R. "The Impact of Video Games on American Youth." Today's Education (February 1983): 40-42.

Reed, Carson. "Computers: At Long Last an Executive Tool." Colorado Business Magazine 17 (February 1990): 23-27.

Rosenberg, Ronald. "Educators Find Computer a Dubious Tool." Boston Globe (May 7, 1989): 29-31.

Rothman, Stanley, and Robert Lerner. "Television and the Communications Revolution." Society 26 (November-December 1988): 64-70.

Shortliffe, Edward H. "Computer Programs to Support Clinical Decision Making." Journal of the American Medical Association 258 (July 3, 1987): 61-66.

Zuboff, Shoshana. "New Worlds of Computer Mediated Work." Harvard Business Review 60 (September-October 1982): 142-152.

Prepared in conjunction with Smithsonian World,
produced by the Smithsonian Institution and WETA-TV
in cooperation with Public Inquiry Services,
Smithsonian Institution


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