FAQs Smithsonian World: Gender - An Enduring Paradox

Dedicated to exploring the full scope of modern culture, Smithsonian World was produced by the Smithsonian Institution and WETA-TV between 1984 and 1991 and examined a variety of subjects, including the arts, humanities, science, history, and technology. Gender: An Enduring Paradox (1991) explores the subject of gender in American society, from the formation of childhood gender roles to socially constructed notions of masculinity and femininity, exploring the validity of popular ideas about men and women and illustrating the paradox and contradictions of gender.

Suggested References

Angeloni, Elvio, ed. Annual Editions: Anthropology 90/91. 13th ed. Guilford, CT: The Dushkin Publishing Group, 1990. (An annually updated anthology of articles on anthropological topics reprinted from journals, newspapers, and magazines. Instructor Resources Guides are available.)

Banta, Martha. Imaging American Woman: Idea and Ideals in Cultural History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Benderly, Beryl Lieff. The Myth of Two Minds: What Gender Means and Doesn't Mean. New York: Doubleday and Company, 1987.

Benjamin, Jessica. The Bonds of Love: Psychoanalysis, Feminism, and the Problem of Domination. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988.

Bradley, Harriet. Men's Work, Women's Work: A Sociological History of the Sexual Division of Labor in Employment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989.

Brownmiller, Susan. Against Our Will. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1975.

______ . Femininity. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984.

Chodorow, Nancy. The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1978.

Coleman, Wanda. Heavy Daughter Blues: Poems and Stories, 1968-1986. Santa Rosa, CA: Black Sparrow Press, 1987.

______. A War of Eyes and Other Stories. Santa Rosa, CA: Black Sparrow Press, 1988.

Dinnerstein, Dorothy. The Mermaid and the Minotaur: Sexual Arrangements and Human Malaise. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1976.

Ehrenreich, Barbara. The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and the Flight from Commitment. New York: Doubleday and Company, 1983.

Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Myths of Gender: Biological Theories About Women and Men. New York: Basic Books, 1987.

Filene, Peter. Him/Her/Self: Sex Roles in Modern America. 2d ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Giddings, Paula. Where and When I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America. New York: William Morrow and Company, 1984.

Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982.

Gilmore, David D. Manhood in the Making: Cultural Concepts of Masculinity. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1990.

Harris, Marvin. Our Kind: Who We Are, Where We Came From, Where We Are Going. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1989.

Hrdy, Sarah Blaffer. The Woman That Never Evolved. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Kimmel, Michael S., ed. Changing Men: New Directions in Research on Men and Masculinity. Sage Focus Editions Series, vol. 88. Newbury Park: Sage Publications, 1987.

Kimmel, Michael S., and Michael A. Messner. Men's Lives. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1989.

Kimmel, Michael S., et al, eds. Men Confront Pornography. New York: Crown Publishers, 1990.

Leacock, Eleanor Burke. Myths of Male Dominance: Collected Articles on Women Cross-Culturally. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1981.

Le Guin, Ursula K. Dancing at the Edge of the World: Thoughts on Words, Women, Places. New York: Grove Press, 1989.

______. The Left Hand of Darkness. New York: Ace Books, 1969.

MacCormack, Carol, and Marilyn Strathern, eds. Nature, Culture, and Gender. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Macdonald, Sharon, Pat Holden, and Shirley Ardener, eds. Images of Women in Peace and War: Cross-Cultural and Historical Perspectives. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988.

Millman, Marcia. Such a Pretty Face: Being Fat in America. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1980.

Morgan, Robin, ed. Sisterhood is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings from the Women's Liberation Movement. New York: Random House, 1970.

Odom, Guy R. Mothers, Leadership, and Success. Houston, TX: Polybius Press, 1990.

Ortner, Sherry B., and Harriet Whitehead, eds. Sexual Meanings: The Cultural Construction of Gender and Sexuality. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Pruett, Kyle D. The Nurturing Father. New York: Warner Books, 1987.

Reiter, Rayna R., ed. Toward an Anthropology of Women. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1975.

Rich, Adrienne. Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1976.

______. On Lies, Secrets, and Silence: Selected Prose, 1966-1978. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1979.

Roscoe, Will, ed. Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1988.

Sanday, Peggy Reeves. Female Power and Male Dominance: On the Origins of Sexual Inequality. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Sanday, Peggy Reeves, and Ruth Gallagher Goodenough, eds. Beyond the Second Sex: New Directions in the Anthropology of Gender. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990.

Smith, Barbara Clark, and Kathy Peiss. Men and Women: A History of Costume, Gender and Power. Washington, DC: National Museum of American History, 1989.

Spender, Dale, ed. Feminist Theorists: Three Centuries of Key Women Thinkers. New York: Pantheon Books, 1983.

Strasser, Susan. Never Done: A History of American Housework. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982.

Weinrich, James D. Sexual Landscapes: Why We Are What We Are, Why We Love Whom We Love. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1987.

Williams, Walter L. The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.


Other Sources of Information

Anthro.Notes, A National Museum of Natural History Bulletin for Teachers is published three times a year. "New Gender Perspectives in Anthropology" was the featured article in Vol. 11, No. 3, Fall 1989. To request to be on the mailing list, write: P. Ann Kaupp, Anthropology Outreach and Public Information Office, Department of Anthropology, Stop 112, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560.

Catalogue of Women's History Resources, edited by Bonnie Eisenberg, is available from the National Women's History Project, 7738 Bell Road, Windsor, CA 95492, telephone 707/838-6000.

Gender and Anthropology: Critical Reviews for Research and Teaching, edited by Sandra Morgen, is available from the American Anthropological Association, Subscription Office, 1703 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20009, telephone 202/232-8800.

Prepared in conjunction with Smithsonian World,
produced by the Smithsonian Institution and WETA-TV
in cooperation with Public Inquiry Services,
Smithsonian Institution


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