FAQs Smithsonian World: Nigerian Art - Kindred Spirits

Dedicated to exploring the full scope of modern culture, Smithsonian World was produced by the Smithsonian Institution and WETA-TV between 1984 and 1991 and examined a variety of subjects, including the arts, humanities, science, history, and technology. "Nigerian Art - Kindred Spirits" (1990) - Actress Ruby Dee narrates a look at Nigerian artists who are inspired by their continent's cultural and historical legacy to create art unique to their region and experience.

Contents: Books: Africa - History, Nigeria - History, Nigeria - Contemporary Art; Magazines, Articles. Exhibition Catalogues

Selected References


Africa - History

Ajayi, J.F.A., and Michael Crowder, eds. History of West Africa. 2 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1971.

Davidson, Basil. Africa in Modern History: The Search for a New Society. New York: Penguin Books, 1978.

_______. The African Genius: An Introduction to African Cultural and Social History. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1969.

DuBois, W.E.B. The World and Africa. New York: The Viking Press, 1947.

Magubane, Bernard. The Ties that Bind: African-American Consciousness of Africa. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1987.

Martin, Phyllis, and Patrick O'Meara, eds. Africa. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1986.

Mazrui, Ali. The Africans: A Triple Heritage. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1986.

McEvedy, Colin. The Penguin Atlas of African History. New York: Penguin Books, 1987.

Morrison, Donald. Understanding Black Africa: Data and Analysis of Social Change and Nation Building. New York: Paragon House, 1989.

Oliver, Roland and J.D. Fage. A Short History of Africa. New York: Penguin Books, 1988.

Nigeria - History

Crowder, Michael. The Story of Nigeria. London: Faber and Faber, 1978.

Home, Robert. City of Blood Revisited: A New Look at the Benin Expedition of 1897. London: Rex Collings, 1982.

Isichei, Elizabeth. A History of Nigeria. New York: Longman, 1983.

Nigeria - Contemporary Art

Beier, Ulli. Art in Nigeria. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

_______. Contemporary Art in Africa. London: Pall Mall Press, 1968.

Brown, Evelyn S. Africa's Contemporary Art and Artists. New York: Harmon Foundation, 1966.

Eyo, Ekpo, and Frank Willett. Treasures of Ancient Nigeria. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980.

Fosu, Kojo. 20th Century Art of Africa. Vol. 1. Zaria, Nigeria: Gaskiya Corporation, 1986.

Jegede, Dele. Art by Metamorphosis: Selections of African Art from the Spelman College Collection. Atlanta: Spelman College, 1988.

_______. Trends in Contemporary Nigerian Art: A Historical Analysis. Ph.D. diss. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1984. Photocopy.

Kelly, Bernice. Contemporary Nigerian Artists: A Bio-Bibliography. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Libraries, National Museum of African Art Branch, 1988.

Mount, Marshall. African Art: The Years Since 1920. New York: Da Capo Press, 1989.

Okeke, Uche. Art in Development: A Nigerian Perspective. Minneapolis: Africanamerican Cultural Center, 1982.

Oyelola, Pat. Everyman's Guide to Nigerian Art. Lagos, Nigeria: Nigeria Magazine Cultural Division, Federal Ministry of Information, 1976.

Wahlman, Maude. Contemporary African Arts. Chicago: The Field Museum of Natural History, 1974.


African Arts. John Povey, ed. African Studies Center, University of California, Los Angeles.

New Culture: A Review of Contemporary African Art. Demas Nwoko, ed. African Designs Development Centre, New Culture Studios, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Nigeria Magazine. U.N. Abalogu, ed. Ministry of Information, Federal Department of Culture, Lagos, Nigeria.


Aig-Imoukhuede, Frank. "Contemporary Culture." In Lagos: The Development of an African City, edited by A.B. Aderibigbe. Lagos, Nigeria: Longman, 1975.

Benjamin, Tritobia. "What are African Artists Doing in America?" Africa Report (September/October 1977).

Ejiogu, Emma. "African Art in Transition." African Commentary (May 1990).

Gevisser, Mark. "Art of Africa." Village Voice (April 10, 1990).

High-Washikhongo, Freida. "Origin and Development of Contemporary African Art." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the African Studies Association, Los Angeles, October 1984.

Jantjes, Gavin. "The Words About Us." Art Libraries Journal 8 (Winter 1983).

Jegede, Dele. "Contemporary African Art." Art Papers 12 (July/August 1988).

Lawal, Babatunde. "The Artist as a Creative Force in Education and Society." Presence Africaine 86 (1973).

_______. "The Search for Identity in Contemporary Nigerian Art." Studio International 193 (March/April 1977).

"Nigerian and Foreign Patronage of the Arts." Goethe Institute Symposium Papers. Lagos, Nigeria, June 1987.

Odita, E. Okechukwa. "Theory and Practice in Contemporary African Art: Modernist or Skokian Aspect." Journal of Multi-Cultural and Cross-Cultural Research in Art Education 1 (Fall 1983).

Oloidi, Ola. "Who Is the New African Artist?" Chrysalis 3 (1988).

Plagens, Peter. "Africa Meets the West." Newsweek (February 19, 1990).

Exhibition Catalogues

The African-American Institute. African Artists in America. New York: The African-American Institute, 1977.

Camden Arts Centre. Contemporary African Art. London: Studio International, 1970.

Howard University. African Contemporary Art. Washington, DC: The Gallery, 1977.

Kaplan, Flora, and Mary Anne Shea, eds. Images of Power: Art of the Royal Court of Benin. New York: Museum Studies Program, New York University, 1981.

National Museum of African Art. Echoes of the Kalabari: Sculpture by Sokari Douglas Camp. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1988.

Onobrakpeya, Bruce. Sahelian Masquerades: Artistic Experiments. Papa Ajao, Mushin, Nigeria: Ovuomaroro Gallery, 1988.

The Studio Museum in Harlem. Contemporary African Artists: Changing Tradition. New York: The Studio Museum in Harlem, 1990.

Wolford, Jean Kennedy, and Miriam Wolford. Contemporary African Art. Washington, DC: National Museum of African Art, 1974.

Zamana Gallery. Contemporary Arts from Western Nigeria: The Oshogbo School. London: Zamana, 1989.

Prepared in conjunction with Smithsonian World,
produced by the Smithsonian Institution and WETA-TV
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