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4.0 REFERENCES CITED


Abell, Julie, Brain Crane, Madeleine Pappas, Petar Glumac, Carter Shields, Marie-Lorraine Pipes, Linda Scott Cummings, Kathryn Puseman, Thomas E. Moutoux, and Laura L. Ruggiero.

1999 Square 426 (51NW121) Archaeological Data Recovery. Report to EDAW, Inc., Alexandria, VA, from Parsons Engineering-Science, Inc., Fairfax, VA.

Artemel, Janice G., Dennis Knepper, Marcia Miller, Elizabeth Crowell, and Edward Otter

1990 Archaeology of an Urban Streetcomer: Ninth & F Streets, N.W., Washington, D.C. Report to Quadrangle Development, Washington, DC, from Engineering-Science, Washington, DC.

Bachmann, John

1862 Bird’s eye view of Washington, D.C., and the Seat of War in Virginia. Map reproduced in John W. Reps’s Washington on View: The Nation’s Capital Since 1790; 1991:157, UNC Press, Chapel Hill.

Balicki, Joseph, and Charles D. Cheek

1995 Summary Report on Testing and Evaluation, Archeological Investigations, United States Secret Service Headquarters, Square 375, Washington, D.C. Report to General Services Administration, National Capital Region, Washington, DC, and TAMS Consultants, Inc., Arlington, VA, from John Milner Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

Balicki, Joseph, Kerri Culhane, Charles D. Cheek, and Brian Corle

2001 The Transient Bureaucracy: Data Recovery Excavations at Lot 12, Square 406, Washington, D.C. Report to General Services Administration, Washington, DC, from John Milner Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

Barfield, Eugene B., and Michael B. Barber

1992 Archeological and Ethnographic Evidence of Subsistence in Virginia During the Late Woodland Period. In Middle and Late Woodland Research in Virginia.: A Synthesis, Theodore R. Reinhart and Mary Ellen N. Hodges, editors, pp. 225-248. Archeological Society of Virginia, Special Publication No. 29, Richmond.

Bryson, Reid, David Baerreis, and Wayne Wendlund

1970 The Character of Late-Glacial and Post-Glacial Climatic Changes. In Pleistocene and Recent Environments of the Great Plains, W. Dort, Jr., and J. K. Jones, Jr., editors, pp. 53-74.  University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.

Carhone, Victor Anthony

1976 Environment and Prehistory in the Shenandoah Valley. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, Catholic University, Washington, D.C.

Carson, Barbara G.

1990 Ambitious Appetites: Dining, Behavior, and Patterns of Consumption in Federal Washington. American Institute of Architects Press, Washington, DC.

Catlin, Mark, Jay F. Custer, and R. Michael Stewart

1982 Late Archaic Culture Change in Virginia: A Reconsideration of Exchange, Population Growth, and Migrations. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia37(3):123-138.

Cheek, Charles D., and Brian Corle

1999 Summary Report Phase II Archeological Testing, Site 51NW126 Lot 12, Square 406, Washington, D.C. Report to architrave, p.c., architects, Washington, DC, and the General Services Administration, Washington, DC, from John Mimer Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

Cheek, Charles D. and Reginald Pitts

1999 Phase I Background Documentary Study, U.S. Courthouse Annex Project, Reservation 10, Washington, D.C. Report to General Services Administration, National Capital Region, Washington, DC, from John Milner Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

Cheek, Charles D., Donna J. Seifert, Patrick O’Bannon, Cheryl A. Holt, B.R. Roulette, Jr., Joseph Balicki, Glenn G. Ceponis, and Dana B. Heck

1991 Phase 11 and III Archeological Investigations at the Site of the Proposed Intemational Cultural and Trade Center/Federal Office Building Complex, Federal Triangle, Washington, D.C. Report to the Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation, Washington, DC, from John Milner Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

Cheek, Charles D., Donna J. Seifert, Laura Galke, Elizabeth Barthold O’Brien, and Margarita Jerabek Wuellner

1996 Archeological Data Recovery Investigations at the Site of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington Metropolitan Field Office, Square 530, Washington, D.C. Report to TAMS Consultants, Inc., Arlington, VA, from John Mimer Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

City Directories (CD)

1822 The Washington Directory. Judah Delano, Washington, DC. Microfilm copy located in the Research Library, Historical Society of Washington, DC.
1830 The Washington Directory. S.A. Elliot, Washington, DC. Microfilm, Research Library, Historical Society of Washington, DC.
1843 Washington Directory and Governmental Register for 1843. A. Reintzel, Compiler. Jno. T. Towers Publisher, Washington, DC. Microfilm, Research Library, Historical Society of Washington, DC.
1850  Boyd’s Washington and Georgetown Directory. Andrew Boyd, Washington, DC. Microfilm, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Crane, Brian

2000 Filth, Garbage, and Rubbish: Refuse Disposal, Sanitary Reform, and Nineteenth Century Yard Deposits in Washington, D.C. Historical Archeology 34(l):20-38.

Culhane, Kern, and Donna J. Seifert

1999 Draft Phase I Background Documentary Study, Lot ‘12, Square 406, Washington, D.C. Report to architrave, p.c., architects, Washington, DC, and General Services Administration, National Capital Region, Washington, DC, from John Mimer Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

Cuny, Dennis C., and Maureen Kavanagh

1989 The Middle to Late Woodland Transition in Maryland. Paper presented at the 1989 Middle Atlantic Archeological Conference, Rehoboth Beach, DE.

Custer, Jay F.

1982 A Reconsideration of the Middle Woodland Cultures of the Upper Delmarva Peninsula.In Practicing Environmental Archaeology: Methods and Interpretations, R. W. Moeller, editor, pp. 29-38. American Indian Archaeological Institute, Occasional Paper No. 3, Washington, CT.
1983 A Management Plan for the Archaeological Resources of the Upper Delmarva Region of Maryland. Maryland Historical Trust, Manuscript Series No. 31, Annapolis.
1984 Delaware Prehistoric Archaeology: An Ecological Approach. University of Delaware Press, Newark.
1988  Late Archaic Cultural Dynamics in the Central Middle Atlantic Region. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 4:39-60.
1990 Early and Middle Archaic Cultures of Virginia: Culture Change and Continuity. In Early and Middle Archaic Research in Virginia: A Synthesis, Theodore R. Reinhart and Mary Ellen N. Hodges, editors, pp. 1-60. Archeological Society of Virginia, Special Publication No. 22, Richmond.

District of Columbia Archives (DC Archives)

nd. Vertical files: F Street. Washington, DC, Archives, Washington, DC.

Egloff, Keith T., and Stephen R. Potter

1982 Indian Ceramics from Coastal Plain Virginia. Archaeology of Eastern North America 10:95-117.

Elliott, William

1822 Washington Guide. Library of Congress, Rare Book Room, Washington, DC.

Evelyn, Douglas E.

1985 The National Gallery at the Patent Office. In Magnificent Voyages: The U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-] 842. Exhibition catalogue. Herman J. Viola and Carolyn Margolis, editors. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
1997 A Public Building for a New Democracy: The Patent Office Building in the Nineteenth Century. Doctoral dissertation, Columbian School of Arts and Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, DC. University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor, MI.

Faehtz and Pratt

I874a Real Estate Directoty of the City of Washington, D.C. Faehtz and Pratt, Washington, D.C. Map, Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress.
1874b Washington in Embryo; or, The National Capital from 1791 to 1800. The Origin of All Rights and Titles to Property in Washington, D.C. Prepared with the assistance of Brainard H. Warner. Faehtz and Pratt, Washington, DC. Research Library, Historical Society of Washington, DC.

Forsyth, W.

1854  Site plan of Patent Office Square prepared by W. Forsyth for Edward Clark, June 30, 1854. National Archives #81-1-6. National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD. Reproduced in Hartman-Cox Architects and Oehrlein Associates Architects 1999.

Friedlander, Amy, and Charles H. LeeDecker

1987 Historical and Archaeological Assessment of a Tract at Fifth and I Street, N.W., Square 516, Washington, D.C. Report to Peabody Corporation, Washington, DC, from The Cultural Resources Group, Louis Berger & Associates, Washington, DC.

Froelich, Albert J., and John T. Hack

1976 Physiography, Drainage, and Geology. In Soil Suivey of the District of Columbia. Horace Smith, editor, pp.75-75. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, in cooperation with U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Capital Parks.

Froncek, Thomas, editor

1977 An Illustrated History of the City of Washington. Alfred A. Knopf, NY.

Frydman, Daniel

2000 The Great American Architectural Experiment: The United States Capitol Building, 1792-1868. Dissertation synopsis, accessed online at http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHilW2233/synop.htm 5/1/2000.

Gardner, William M.

1982 Early and Middle Woodland in the Middle Atlantic: An Overview. In Practicing Environmental Archaeology: Methods and Interpretations, edited by R. W. Moeller, pp. 53-86. American Indian Archaeological Institute, Occasional Paper No. 3, Washington, CT.
1989  An Examination of Cultural Change in the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene (circa 9200 to 6800 B.C.). In Paleoindian Research in Virginia: A Synthesis, J. Mark Wittkofski and Theodore R. Reinhart, editors, pp. 5-51. Archeological Society of Virginia, Special Publication No. 19, Richmond.

Gardner, William M., and Sally C. Anderson

1994 A Phase I Archeological Investigation of 5 1NW 113. Report to Development Resources, Washington, DC, from Thunderbird Archeological Association, Woodstock, VA.

Garrow, Patrick H. (editor)

1982 Archeological Investigations on the Washington, D.C., Civic Center Site. Report to Historic Preservation Office, Department of Housing and Community Development, Government of the District of Columbia, Washington, DC, from Soil Systems, Marietta, GA.

Geier, Clarence R.

1992 Development and Diversification: Cultural Directions During the Late Woodland/Mississippian Period in Eastern North America. In Middle and Late Woodland Research in Virginia: A Synthesis,Theodore R. Reinhart and Mary Ellen N. Hodges, editors, pp. 277-302. Archeological Society of Virginia, Special Publication No. 29, Richmond.

General Assessments (GA)

1819-1887 Washington D.C. Tax Records. Record Group 351. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

Glumac, Petar, Julie Abell, Brian D. Crane, Dan Hayes, and Marie-Lorraine Pipes

1998 Square 455 (51NW1 15) Archaeological Data Recovery. Report to EDAW, Inc., Alexandria, VA, from Parsons Engineering Science, Inc., Fairfax, VA.

Goode, George Brown

1892 Genesis of the National Museum. In Report of the U. S. National Museum for the Year 1891. Washington, DC.

Goodman, Eugene, Mark Walker, Madeleine Pappas, Catharmne Toulmin, and Elizabeth Crowell

1990 Slate Alley: Archaeological Investigations at Warner Theatre, Washington, D.C. Report to the Kaempfer Company, Washington, DC, from Engineering-Science, Inc., Washington, DC.

Groth, Paul

1986 Marketplace’ Vernacular Design: The Case of Downtown Rooming Houses. In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture, II, Camille Wells, editor, pp. 179-191. University of Missouri Press, Columbia, MO.

Haley, William D. (editor)

1861 Philip’s Washington Described: A Complete View of the American Capital and the District of Columbia. Rudd & Carleton, NY.

Hartman-Cox Architects

1998 Site plan with existing conditions, reproduced in Patent Office Building Historic Structures Report. Report to Office of Physical Plant, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, from Hartman-Cox Architects and Oehrlein & Associates Architects, Washington, DC, 1999.

Hartman-Cox Architects and Oehrlein & Associates Architects

1999 Patent Office Building Historic Structures Report, Volumes I and TI. Report to Office of Physical Plant, Smithsonian Institution from Hartman-Cox Architects and Oehrlein & Associates Architects, Washington, DC.

Hawkins, Don Alexander

1991 The Landscape of the Federal City. In Washington History 3(1): 10-33.

Hill, Samuel

1792 Plan of the City of Washington in the Territory of Columbia, ceded by the States of Virginia anti Maryland to the United States of America anti by them established as the Seat of their Government, after the Year MDCCC. Engraved by Samuel Hill. In Washington on View: The Nation’s Capital Since 1790, by John W. Reps. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill and London.

Hines, Christian

1866 Early Recollections of Washington City. Chronicle Book & job printers, Washington. Rare Book Collection, Library of Congress.

Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS)

1969 Washington, D.C. Architecture: Market Square. HABS Selections No. 8. Washingtoniana Room, Martin Luther King, Jr. Library, Washington, DC.
1993 Eighth Street, Washington, D.C. HABS file no. DC-718. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Historic Preservation Division

1991 Historic Contexts for the District of Columbia. Historic Preservation Division, D.C. Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs, Washington, DC.

Hoaglund, Alison K.

1989 Nineteenth-Century Building Regulations in Washington, D.C. Records of the Columbia Historical Society: 52:57-77.

Hoyt, William D., Jr.

1947 Washington’s Living History: The Post Office Fire and Other Matters, 1834-39. Records of the Columbia Historical Society of Washington, D.C., 1944-1945,Vol. 46-47:49-69. Columbia Historical Society, Washington, DC.

Humphrey, Robert L., and Mary Elizabeth Chambers

1985 Ancient Washington: American Indian Cultures of the Potomac Valley. GW Washington Studies, No. 6, Second Edition, revised from 1977 edition. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Leech, Margaret

1986 Reveille in Washington. Carroll and Graf, New York. Reprinted from 1941 edition, Harper and Row, New York.

Leach, Sara Amy, and Elizabeth Barthold

1994 L’Enfant Plan of the City of Washington, District of Columbia. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. NPS, Washington, DC.

Lynch, Kevin

1960 The City Image and Its Elements. In The City Reader, Richard T. Legates and Frederick Stout, editors, pp. 98-102. Routledge, NY.

Meltzer, David J., and Robert C. Dunnell, editors.

1992 The Archaeology of William Henry Holmes. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Mills, Robert

1854  Proposed landscaping for East Wing, July 29, 1854. National Archives 8 1.1-57. National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD

Mouer, L. Daniel

1991 The Formative Transition in Virginia. In Late Archaic and Early Woodland Research in Virginia: A Synthesis, Theodore R. Reinhart and Mary Ellen N. Hodges, editors, pp. 1-88.  Archeological Society of Virginia, Special Publication No. 23, Richmond.

National Capital Planning Commission

1996 Section 106 Historic Resources Report for the Proposed Washington Convention Center. Report for the National Capital Planning Conmiission from Parsons Engineering-Science and the Washington Convention Center, Washington, DC.

O’Brien, Elizabeth Barthold, and Donna J. Seifert

1995 Summary Report on Background Research, Archeological Investigation, United States Secret Service Headquarters, Square 375, Washington, D.C. Report to General Services Administration, National Capital Region, Washington, DC, and TAMS Consultants, Inc., Arlington, VA, from John Milner Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

Pappas, Madeleine, Elizabeth A. Crowell, and Janice G. Artemel

1993  Archaeological Assessment of Parcel 457-C, Square 457, Washington, D.C. Report to TAMS Consultants, Arlington, VA, from Engineering-Science, Washington, DC.

Patent Office Plan

[Post-I877] First floor plan including courtyard plan, N. Peters Photo-Lithographers, SI-OAHP, Box 6. Reproduced in Patent Office Building Historic Structures Report. Report to Office of Physical Plant, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, from Hartman-Cox Architects and Oehrlein & Associates Architects, Washington, DC, 1999. Copy in Smithsonian Institution Office of Architectural History and Historic Preservation (SI-Al-il-liP).

Peale, Titian

1867. Photograph. SI Archives Neg. # 75-495. Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, DC.

Plumbe, John

1846 U.S. Patent Office, F Street Fa~ade, E Street between Seventh and Ninth Streets. Photo possibly taken from roof of Post Office. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, DC. Photographic record: dag3a53272 patent office.

Potter, Stephen R.

1993 Commoners, Tribute, and Chiefs: The Development of Algonquian Culture in the Potomac Valley. University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville.

Proudfit, S. V.

1889  Ancient Village Sites and Aboriginal Workshops in the District of Columbia. American Anthropologist 2:241-246.

Rappleye, Lauralee, and William M. Gardner

1979 A Cultural Resources Reconnaissance and Impact Area Assessment of the Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, City of Suffolk, Chesapeake and Nansemond Counties, Virginia. Report to the Fish and Wildlife Service, U. S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, from Thunderbird Archeological Associates, Front Royal, VA.

Reiff, Daniel Drake

1971 Washington Architecture, 1791-1861; Problems in Development. United States Commission of Fine Arts, Washington, DC.

Reps, John W.

1991 Washington on View. The Nation’s Capital Since 1790. UNC Press, Chapel Hill.

Schmeckebier, Laurence F.

1955 Ward Boundaries of Washington and Georgetown. Records of the Columbia Historical Society 51-52:70-71.

Seifert, Donna J.

1991 Within Sight of the White House: The Archaeology of Working Women. Historical Archaeology 25(4):82-108.

Seifert, Donna J., Joseph Balicki, Elizabeth Barthold O’Brien, Dana B. Heck, Gary McGowan, and Aaron Smith

1998 Archeological Data Recovery, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of the American Indian, Mall Museum Site. Report to Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, and Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates, Inc., Philadelphia, from John Milner Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA.

Smith, Horace

1976 Soil Survey of the District of Columbia.        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, in cooperation with U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Capital Parks.

Sorensen, James D., and Richard J. Dent, Jr.

1990 A Phase II Archaeological Investigation of Square 516, Washington, D.C. Report to Peabody Corporation, Washington, DC, from Potomac River Archaeology Survey, Department of Anthropology, College of Arts and Sciences, The American University, Washington, DC.

Stevens, J. Sanderson

1991 A Story of Plants, Fire, and People: The Paleoecology and Subsistence of the Late Archaic and Early Woodland in Virginia. In Late Archaic and Early Woodland Research in Virginia: A Synthesis, edited by Theodore R. Reinhart and Mary Ellen N. Hodges, pp. 185-220. Archeological Society of Virginia, Special Publication No. 23, Richmond.

Tanner, Henry

1836 Atlas of the City of Washington. Map, Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Topham, Washington

1924 Centre Market and Vicinity. Records of the Columbia Historical Society 26.

Turner, E. Randolph, III

1992 The Virginia Coastal Plain During the Late Woodland Period. In Middle and Late Woodland Research in Virginia: A Synthesis, edited by Theodore R. Reinhart and Mary Ellen N. Hodges, pp. 97-156. Archeological Society of Virginia, Special Publication No. 29, Richmond.

United States Bureau of the Census (USBC)

1820 Enumeration of Washington. Microfilm, Martin Luther King Library, Washington, DC.

United States Geological Survey (USGS)

1983 Washington West, D.C. -MD. VA., Quadrangle. 7.5 minute series. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

U. S. Patent Office

1877 An Account of the Destruction by Fire of the North and West Halls of the Model Room in the United States Patent Office Building on the 24th of September 1877 together with a History of the Patent Office from 1790 to 1877. U.S. Patent Office, Washington, DC.

Virta, Matthew R.

1991 Archeology at the Petersen House: Unearthing an Alternative History. A Cultural Resource Management Project Undertaken by the Regional Archeology Program, National Park Service, National Capital Region. Occasional Report No. 5. Regional Archeology Program, National Park Service, National Capital Region, Washington, DC.

Walker, Mark, Thomas Barrett, and Madeleine Pappas

1989 Phase I and Phase II Archaeological Surveys Square 428 Washington, D.C. Report to Oehrlein & Associates, Architects, Washington, DC, from Engineering-Science, Washington, D C.

Warden, David Baillie

1816 A Chorographical and Statistical Description of the District of Columbia. Smith, Paris. Library of Congress, Rare Book Room.

Waselkov, Gregory A.

1982  Shellfish Gathering and Shell Midden Archaeology. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Watterston, George

1847 New Guide to Washington. Robert Farnham, Washington, DC. Martin Luther King Library, Washingtoniana Room.

Weeks, Christopher

1994 Guide to the Architecture of Washington, D.C. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Wesler, Kit, Dennis J. Pogue, Alvin H. Luckenbach, Gordon J. Fine, Patricia A. Stemheimer, E. Glyn Fergurson

1981 Maryland Department of Transportation Archeological Resources Survey, Volume 2: Western Shore. Maryland Historical Trust Manuscript Series No. 6. Maryland Historical Trust, Annapolis.

Wolfe, Albert Benedict

1906  The Lodging House Problem in Boston. Houghton, Mifflin and Company, Boston, MA.

Young, James Sterling

1966 The Washington Community, 1800-1828. Columbia University Press, NY.