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    NEW: Search the B&H Patent database
    Search the database with text and images of the 238 inventions, improvements to mechanical devices, processes, and innovative product designs patented by the Bradley and Hubbard Manufacturing Company.

Fire Tools and Andirons
Produced by the Bradley & Hubbard Manufacturing Company

Selected Objects from the Smithsonian Institution Castle Collection


Andirons, pair, ca.1895, Arts & Crafts Style, cast iron. H. 16.5" x W. 9.5" x D. 15.5." SI.1989.039 a&b.

Two scrolled feet join the central shaft and continue upwards to form an open handle with a central floral motif. The tapered shaft was designed to appear as rods "bound" together with an entwined rod in imitation of wrought iron. The horizontal log supports are attached to the back of the upright post by means of a dovetail connection. The mark consists of B&H, the catalogue number 9503, and Patent Applied For. The patent probably refers to the dovetail joint (see patent dated May 26, 1868, lamps and chandeliers). Part of a set with fire tools, SI.1989.040 abcd (below).

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Andirons, pair, ca.1895, Aesthetic Movement, cast iron. H. 20.5" x W. 12" x D. 20." SI.1989.055 a&b.

Five separate pieces screw or bolt together to form the figure of a phoenix, the mythological bird which rises from the ashes to become reborn. The horizontal log supports are square cast iron with obelisk finials and bolt to the body of the figure. The two leg and wing sections connect to the body with decorative bolts. The body section is "S" shaped and spirals backwards. The head is cast in one piece with a crest  attached to it with a bolt (see detail). The mark consists of B&H and the number 9537.

Andirons, pair, ca.1900, Arts & Crafts Style, cast iron. H. 19.25" x W. 8.5" x D. 19." SI.1990.029 a&b.

The shafts of these andirons are cast as one piece in imitation of wrought iron. The feet are made up of a series of scrolls which rise to attach to a tapered shaft, which splits at the top into two inwardly turned scrolls. Attached to each andiron is a hook (see detail)used to hold a decorative iron rod which was to serve as a fire fender (missing). A decorative ring is attached above the hook. The horizontal log supports bolt to the shaft at the back. Andirons bear the round B&H with printer's flowers mark and the number 9549.

Andirons, pair, ca.1900, Colonial Revival, cast iron. H. 12.75" x W. 7" x D. 16." SI.2003.065 a&b.

Two flat "S" curved legs with hoofed feet join a center shaft consisting of a spindle with a large loop handle at the top. The horizontal log supports are attached to the shaft with dove-tail joints at the back (see patent dated May 26, 1868, lamps and chandeliers). The shaft is stamped with the circular B&H with printer's flowers mark and the bottom fan-shaped drop finial of the shaft is stamped with the catalogue number "9569."

Fire Tools and Stand, ca.1895, Arts & Crafts Style, cast iron. H. 24" x W. 10" x D. 7.5." SI.1989.040 abcd.

The base of the stand is rectangular, having four small feet at the corners. The inside of the base is cast with a sun burst motif. The shaft bolts to the base and consists of a plain rod with a "C" shaped bracket below a tapered  handle with a ball finial at the end. The handles of the tools are of a similar design. Cast into the bottom of the stand is the maker's triangle and lantern mark and Patent Applied For. The tools consist of tongs-d, poker-c, shovel-b, and stand-a. Part of a set with Andirons SI.89.39 a&b.



Fire Tools and Stand, ca.1885, Aesthetic Movement, cast iron. H. 28" x W. 10" x D. 7." SI.2003.066 abc.

The fire tool stand consists of four feet that support a bottom tray consisting of an open basket weave pattern with flowers in the openings and an open scalloped rail. The bottom of the tray is cast with the number "9704." An upright shaft is bolted to the bottom and consists of twisted, scrolled, foliated, and beaded components topped with a ring handle. The back of the shaft is cast with the"B&H" mark "Pat. Appd. For," and the catalogue number "9704." A twisted and scrolled bracket arm is bolted to the shaft below the handle. The incomplete set also includes a small brush consisting of a plain shaft topped with a twisted handle terminating in a ring in imitation of wrought iron and an identically ornamented shovel tool (see detail).

Andirons, pair, ca.1886, Aesthetic Movement, cast iron. H. 16.75" x W. 9.75" x D. 16.25." SI.2004.015 a&b.

The design of this pair of andirons consists of a pair of rusticated legs embossed with a half sunburst. The legs merge into a tapered and ribbed serpentine shaft. The shaft is topped by an applied circular disc cast in the form of a human face surrounded by radiating rays as in a sunburst. The horizontal log supports are attached to the shaft with dove-tail joints at the back (see patent dated May 26, 1868, lamps and chandeliers).The andirons are stamped: "Patented August 24, 1886, the B&H mark, 9510." This patent refers to the design and was issued to Frederick Seidensticker, assigned to the Bradley and Hubbard Manufacturing Company. The finish on this pair is black enamel lacquer.

Andirons, pair, ca.1886, Aesthetic Movement, cast iron. H. 23.5" x W. 11.5" x D. 23.5." SI.2004.014 a&b.

The design of this pair of andirons consists of a pair of inwardly scrolled feet that merge into a tapered shaft, all decorated with a serpentine motif and having a shield located at the intersection of the legs and shaft. The shaft is topped by an applied circular disc cast with a grotesque mask in the form of an animal's face, perhaps a lion. The horizontal log supports are bolted to the shaft at the back and have central legs with twisted shafts and ball finials. The andirons are stamped the B&H mark, "Patented August 24, 1886, and "9509." This patent refers to the design and was issued to Frederick Seidensticker, assigned to the Bradley and Hubbard Manufacturing Company. The finish on this pair is black enamel lacquer, however, other examples have been found with gold or brass finishes on the cast iron.

Andirons, ca. 1886-1900, cast iron, H. 20.75" x W. 10.75" x D. 22.5." SI.2004.038 a&b.

The "S" scrolled legs support a tapered twisted shaft. The shaft is topped by a Hollow ball cast in two parts. The horizontal log supports are attached to the shaft with bolted joints at the back and have smaller twisted and ball-finial shafts attached at the bend in the dog. The andirons are stamped with the B&H mark, "9508," and "Patd Sept 21, 1886."This patent refers to the design and was issued to Frederick Seidensticker, assigned to the Bradley and Hubbard Manufacturing Company. The finish on this pair is black enamel lacquer and appears to be original.

Andirons, ca. 1886-1900, cast iron, H. 14" x W. 7" x D. 18.5." SI.2004.042 a&b.

Dolphin shaped andirons with scrolled tails face each other. The dogs are attached by means of a dove-tail joint cast into the metal. The andirons are stamped with the B&H mark, 9512 Patd Appld For." however, no patent was issued for the design. The patent probably refers to the dove-tail joint (see patent dated May 26, 1868, lamps and chandeliers). Traces of black paint remain on the back, however the front surfaces have been stripped of all paint.

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Created by Richard E. Stamm
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