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The Museum Conservation Institute - Staff


Robert J. Koestler

Robert J. Koestler

Director; Chief Scientist

 

Phone: 301-238-1205
Fax: 301-238-3709
E-mail Address: KoestlerR [at] si.edu

Address:
Museum Conservation Institute
Smithsonian Institution
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, MD 20746


Education

B.S. SUNY Stony Brook (1972)
M.A. CUNY Hunter College (1977)
M.Ph. CUNY City College (1983)
Ph.D. CUNY City College (1985)

Research Specialties and Interests

  • Conservation science
  • Collections preservation
  • Biodeterioration and biodegradation

Professional Activities

  • American Institute for Conservation (1996- Present)
  • ICOM-CC, Coordinator of Control of Biodeterioration Group (1993-1999)
  • International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation Society (1985-Present)
  • Pan-American Biodeterioration Society (1985-1992)
  • Full member of the scientific research society Sigma X (1985-2002)

Awards, Honors and Special Recognitions

American Association of Museums, 2004 Museum Publications Design Competition: Honorable Mention in category D-books for “Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art."

Entered in Who's Who in Science and Engineering 1993-94 and 1995-96 editions.

II Premio awarded by the Commune di Venezia and the Comitato Francese per Venezia in the "Campagna per il Mattone di Venezia" for work on "The Action of Salt-Water Solutions in the Deterioration of the Silico-Aluminate Matrix of Bricks".

Honorary Mention for the study "Physico-Chemical Examination of Aged Bricks and `Cotto' to Study the Mechanism of Alteration".
The two preceding awards were presented at the Ateneo Veneto, Venice, 29 October 1982.

Honorable Mention from the Friends of Mineralogy for the article "Minerals of the Buckwheat Dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey" in The Mineralogical Record, 1983.

 

Recent Publications

Charola, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. (eds.) 2010. Pesticide mitigation in museum collections : science in conservation : proceedings from the MCI workshop series. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. (Smithsonian Contributions to Museum Conservation; 1) 72 pages.

Tavzes, C., Šilc, F., Kladnik, A., Fackler, K., Messner, K., Pohleven, F. and Koestler, R.J. 2009. Enzymatic degradation of mould stains on paper analysed by colorimetry and DRIFT-IR spectroscopy. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 63(7): 873-879.

Koestler, R.J., Koestler, V.R., Charola, A.E., and Nieto-Fernandez, F.E., (Eds.), 2003. Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Yale University Press, New Haven. 576pp.

 

Selected Lectures and Other Activities

  • Chair of the “microorganisms in a subterranean environment” session at the symposium “Lascaux and preservation issues in a subterranean environment” (2009)
  • Scientific committee, and session chair, for 8th EU cultural heritage meets practice symposium, Ljubljana, Slovenia (2008)
  • ICCROM Observer for Smithsonian Institution (2007- )
  • Editor-in-Chief, International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation (2006- )
  • Advice to numerous governmental conservation laboratories, incl. China’s Forbidden City and Red Sandalwood Museum, Republic of Georgia, India, Slovenia, Bosnia, and Croatia. Talks on MCI, biodeterioration, and/or museum conservation to Vienna Technical University, UCLA, U. Ariz., India, Smithsonian. Press: Scholastic Science World Magazine, NCPTT, Secretary's column in Smithsonian Magazine, Science News. (2004- )
  • Nature short bio about my research in the art museum world. Nature, April 29, 2004 (2004)
  • Keynote speech at International Research Group on Wood Preservation. 35th Annual Meeting, Ljubljana, Slovenia. (2004)

Related Links

The Smithsonian and the SOLEIL Synchroton Partner

 

Journal Articles

 Journal Article 114898 Mecklenburg, Marion F., Charola, A. Elena and Koestler, Robert J. New Insights into the Cleaning of Paintings: Proceedings from the Cleaning 2010 International Conference, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia and Museum Conservation Institute Smithsonian Contributions to Museum Conservation 2013 1 243 http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.19492359.3.1

 Journal Article 113719 Tavzes, C., Palcic, J., Fackler, K., Pohleven, F. and Koestler, Robert J. Biomimetic system for removal of fungal melanin staining on cultural heritage International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 2013 307 313

 Journal Article 103173 Solazzo, Caroline, Heald, Susan, Ballard, Mary W., Ashford, David A., DePriest, Paula T., Koestler, Robert J. and Collins, Matthew Coast Salish blankets: a tale of shaggy dogs? Antiquity 2011 1 14

 Journal Article 80181 Tavzes, Crtomir, Silc, Franc, Kladnik, Andrej, Fackler, Karin, Messner, Kurt, Pohleven, Franc and Koestler, Robert J. Enzymatic degradation of mould stains on paper analysed by colorimetry and DRIFT-IR spectroscopy International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 2009 873 879 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VG6-4WVCSX9-1/2/390af189c3500d5b72607fe8feb5681d

 Journal Article 56461 Di Bonaventura, M. P. and Koestler, Robert J. The fungal genome project Met Objectives 2002 10

 Journal Article 56452 Koestler, Robert J. Anoxic control of insect infestation Met Objectives 2002 4 6

 Journal Article 56453 Koestler, Robert J. Biodeterioration in museum collections Met Objectives 2002 1 3

 Journal Article 56450 Koestler, Robert J. Biodeterioration of stone in tropical environments: An overview by Kumar, R. and Kumar, A.V Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 2002 98 102

 Journal Article 56451 Koestler, Robert J. The detection of biological activity Met Objectives 2002 6

 Journal Article 56465 Charola, A. E., Aires-Barros, L., Centeno, S. A., Basto, M. J. and Koestler, Robert J. Analysis of the colour traces on the cloister of the Neronimos Monastery in Lisbon International Journal for Restoration of Buildings and Monuments 2002 447 474

 Journal Article 55941 Yamazaki-Kleps, A., Ballard, Mary W. and Koestler, Robert J. Art, Biology and Conservation 2002: Biodeterioration of Works of Art, June 13-15, 2002 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City (in Japanese) News Letter of the Japan Society for the Conservation of Cultural Property 2002 000

 Journal Article 56446 Tavzes, C., Pohleven, F. and Koestler, Robert J. Effect of anoxic conditions on wood-decay fungi treated with argon or nitrogen International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 2001 225 231

 Journal Article 56447 Koestler, Robert J. and Vedral, J. Biodeterioration of cultural property: A bibliography International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 2001 211 212

 Journal Article 56449 Koestler, Robert J. Editorial International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 2001 209 210

 Journal Article 56441 Koestler, Robert J., Sardjono, S. and Koestler, D. L. Detection of insect infestation in museum objects by carbon dioxide measurement using FTIR International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 2000 285 292

 Journal Article 56443 Koestler, Robert J. Editorial: When bad things happen to good art International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 2000 259 260

 Journal Article 56444 Koestler, Robert J. Editorial International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 2000 179

 Journal Article 56419 Nieto-Fernandez, F. E., Lee, J. J. and Koestler, Robert J. Assessing biodeterioration in wood using ATP photometry. Part III. Estimation of the fungal biomass of Phanerochete chrysosporium in decayed wood using ATP and energy charge measurements International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 1998 35 39

 Journal Article 56416 Nieto, F., Lee, J. J. and Koestler, Robert J. Assessing biodeterioration in wood using ATP photometry. Part I. Nucleotide extraction and wood interference International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 1997 9 13

 Journal Article 56417 Nieto, F., Lee, J. J. and Koestler, Robert J. Assessing biodeterioration in wood using ATP photometry. Part II. Calculating a conversion factor for Phanerochaete chrysosporium using ATP and adenylate energy charge International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 1997 159 164

 Journal Article 56409 Koestler, Robert J. and Salvadori, O. Methods of evaluating biological products for the conservation of porous building materials Science and Technology for Cultural Heritage 1996 63 68

 Journal Article 56390 Verita, M., Basso, R., Wypyski, M. T. and Koestler, Robert J. X-ray microanalysis of ancient glassy materials: A comparative study of wavelength dispersive and energy dispersive techniques Archaeometry 1994 241 251

 Journal Article 56402 Blanchette, R. A., Haight, J., Koestler, Robert J., Hatchfield, P. and Arnold, D. Assessment of deterioration in archaeological wood from ancient Egypt Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 1994 55 70

 Journal Article 56378 Koestler, Robert J., Parreira, E., Santoro, E. D. and Noble, P. Visual effect of selected biocides on easel painting materials Studies in Conservation 1993 265 273

 Journal Article 56374 Koestler, Robert J., Indictor, Norman and Fiske, B. Characterization of Japanese papers using energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry Restaurator 1992 58 77

 Journal Article 56703 Koestler, Robert J. Editorial International Biodeterioration, Special Issue: Biodeterioration of Cultural Property 1991 1 2

 Journal Article 56704 Griffin, P. S., Indictor, Norman and Koestler, Robert J. The biodeterioration of stone: A review of deterioration mechanisms, conservation case histories and treatment International Biodeterioration, Special Issue: Biodeterioration of Cultural Property 1991 187 207

 Journal Article 56705 Blanchette, R. A., Cease, A. R., Abad, A. B., Koestler, Robert J., Simpson, E. and Sams, G. K. An Evaluation of Different Forms of Deterioration Found in Archaeological Wood International Biodeterioration, Special Issue: Biodeterioration of Cultural Property 1991 3 22

 Journal Article 56700 Santoro, E. D. and Koestler, Robert J. A methodology for biodeterioration testing of polymers and resins International Biodeterioration, Special Issue: Biodeterioration of Cultural Property 1991 81 92

 Journal Article 56701 Montegut, D., Indictor, Norman and Koestler, Robert J. Fungal deterioration of cellulosic textiles: A literature review International Biodeterioration, Special Issue: Biodeterioration of Cultural Property 1991 209 225

 Journal Article 56702 Koestler, Robert J. and Vedral. J. Biodeterioration of cultural property, a bibliography International Biodeterioration, Special Issue: Biodeterioration of Cultural Property 1991 233 344

 Journal Article 56909 Indictor, Norman, Koestler, Robert J., Wypyski, M. and Wardwell, A. E. Metal threads made of proteinaceous substrates examined by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry Studies in Conservation 1989 171 182

 Journal Article 56905 Indictor, Norman, Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C. and Wardwell, A. E. The evaluation of metal wrappings from medieval textiles using scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ry spectrometry Textile History 1988 3 22

 Journal Article 56902 Becker, L. and Koestler, Robert J. Kuh-e Khwaja, Iran, and its wall paintings: The records of Ernest Herzfield, Technical Note Metropolitan Museum Journal 1987 22

 Journal Article 56901 Hatchfield, P. B. and Koestler, Robert J. SEM examination of archaeological wood microstructure altered by consolidation treatments Scanning microscopy 1987 1059 1069

 Journal Article 59338 Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J. and Indictor, Norman Weighted Silks Observed Using Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry Scanning electron microscopy 1986 499 506

 Journal Article 56886 Charola, A. E., Tucci, A. and Koestler, Robert J. On the reversibility of treatments with acrylic/silicone resin mixtures Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 1986 83 92

 Journal Article 56887 Charola, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. SEM study of the deterioration of monumental stones in Vienna Wiener Berichte Uber Naturwissenschaf in Der Kunst 1986 176 185

 Journal Article 56877 Indictor, Norman, Koestler, Robert J. and Sheryll, R. The detection of metallic mordants by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. Part II: Historical silk textiles Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 1985 110 115

 Journal Article 56878 Indictor, Norman, Koestler, Robert J. and Sheryll, R. The detection of mordants by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. Part I: Dyed woolen textile fibers spectrometry Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 1985 104 109

 Journal Article 56879 Koestler, Robert J., Sheryll, R. and Indictor, Norman Identification of dyeing mordants and related substances on textile fabrics: A preliminary study using energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry Studies in Conservation 1985 58 62

 Journal Article 56876 Koestler, Robert J., Lee, J. J., Sheryll, R. and Xenophontos, X. Cytological investigation of digestion and re-establishment of symbiosis in the larger benthic foraminifer Amphistegina lessonii Endocytobiosis and Cell Research 1985 21 54

 Journal Article 56891 Wheeler, G. E., Dinsmore, J. K., Ransick, L. J., Charola, A. Elena and Koestler, Robert J. Treatment of the Abydos Reliefs: Consolidation and cleaning Studies in Conservation 1984 42 48

 Journal Article 56895 Peters, T. A., Koestler, Robert J., Peters, J. J. and Grube, C. H. Minerals of the buckwheat dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey The Mineralogical Rec. 1983 183 194

 Journal Article 56899 Case, G. R., Koestler, V. H. and Koestler, Robert J. The shortchanged shark Underwater Naturalist 1980 10

Books

 Book, Whole 56478 Koestler, Robert J., Tavzes, C. and Pohleven, F. A new approach on conservation of wooden heritage 2004

 Book, Whole 56466 Koestler, Robert J., Koestler, V. R., Charola, A. Elena and Nieto-Fernandez, F. E. (eds.) Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration and Works of Art 2003

 Book, Whole 56454 Koestler, Robert J. (ed.) Art, Biology, and Conservation 2002: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. Abstract Booklet 2002

 Book, Whole 56400 Charola, A. E., Koestler, Robert J. and Lombardi, G. (eds.) Lavas and Volcanic Tuffs. Proceedings of the International Meeting, Easter Island, October 1990 1994

 Book, Whole 56903 Koestler, Robert J. and Santoro, E. D. Assessment of the susceptibility to biodeterioration of selected polymers and resins. Final project report to The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, CA 1988

Book Chapters

 Book, Section 128083 Charola, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. Charola, A. E., Wegener, Corine and Koestler, Robert J. Preface and Acknowledgments Unexpected—Earthquake 2011: Lessons to Be Learned 2014 v viii

 Book, Section 117504 Charola, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. Mecklenburg, Marion F., Charola, A. Elena and Koestler, Robert J. Preface New Insights into the Cleaning of Paintings. Proceedings from the Cleaning 2010 International Conference Universidad Politécnica de Valencia and Museum Conservation Institute. Smithsonian Contributions to Museum Conservation, Number 3 2013 vii viii

 Book, Section 110030 Koestler, Robert J., Arai, Hideo, Danchin, Antoine, Heulin, Thierry, Normand, Philippe, Novakova, Alena and Simonet, Pascal Coye, Noel Debat avec les experts et discussion generale : Debate with experts and general discussion (Chapter 12) Lascaux et la conservation en milieu souterrain: Actes du symposium international, Paris, 26 et 27 fevrier 2009 : Lascaux and Preservation Issues in Subterranean Environments: Proceedings of the International Symposium, Paris, February 26 and 27, 2009 2011 275 299

 Book, Section 101046 Charola, A. E., McNamara, Christopher and Koestler, Robert J. Charola, A. E., McNamara, Christopher and Koestler, Robert J. Discussions, Conclusions, and Recommendations Biocolonization of Stone: Control and Preventive Methods: Proceedings from the MCI Workshop Series 2011 113 115

 Book, Section 103165 Koestler, Robert J. Wilder, Tom Anoxic Methods for Controlling Insect Infestations in Musical Instruments The Conservation, Restoration, and Repair of Stringed Instruments and Their Bows. Volume 1: General Issues Concerning Stringed Instruments and Their Bows 2010 557 562

 Book, Section 55841 Charola, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. May, E. and Jones, M. Chapter 2. Methods in Conservation Conservation Science: Heritage Materials 2006 13 31

 Book, Section 56475 Di Bonaventura, M. P., De Salle, R., Bonacum, J. and Koestler, Robert J. Saiz-Jimenez, C. Phylogenetic trees, fungal infections and the Tiffany's drawings Molecular Biology and Cultural Heritage 2003 131 135

 Book, Section 56468 Tavzes, C., Pohleven, J., Pohleven, F. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J., Koestler, V. R., Charola, A. Elena and Nieto-Fernandez, F. E. The use of anoxic conditions to eradicate fungi in wooden objects Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art 2003 426 439

 Book, Section 56470 Suzuki, J. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J., Koestler, V. R., Charola, A. Elena and Nieto-Fernandez, F. E. Visual assessment of biocide effects on Japanese paint materials Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art 2003 410 425

 Book, Section 56471 Nieto-Fernandez, F. E., Baldwin, A., Di Bonaventura, M. P., Centeno, S., Wypyski, M. T. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J., Koestler, V. R., Charola, A. Elena and Nieto-Fernandez, F. E. An enzymatic approach to removal of fungal spots from drawings on paper Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art 2003 110 127

 Book, Section 56473 Di Bonaventura, M. P., De Salle, R., Everleigh, D. E., Baldwin, A. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J., Koestler, V. R., Charola, A. Elena and Nieto-Fernandez, F. E. Studies of fungal infestations of Tiffany's Drawings: Limits and advantages of classical and molecular techniques Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art 2003 94 109

 Book, Section 56455 Suzuki, J. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J. Visual assessment of biocide effects on Japanese paint materials Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. Abstract Booklet. 2002 113 114

 Book, Section 56456 Rossmore, H. W., Rossmore, K., Sondossi, M. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J. Results of a novel germicidal lamp system for removal of fungal spores from museum collections Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. Abstract Booklet. 2002 121

 Book, Section 56458 Nieto, F., Baldwin, A., Di Bonaventura, M. P., Centeno, A., Wypyski, M. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J. Assessment of the effectiveness of enzyme treatment for fungal stain removal on paper Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. Abstract Booklet. 2002 38

 Book, Section 56459 Di Bonaventura, M. P., De Salle, R., Eveleigh, D., Baldwin, A. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J. Studies of fungal infestations of Tiffany's drawings: Limits and advantages of classical and molecular techniques Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. Abstract Booklet. 2002 34 36

 Book, Section 56457 Pohleven, F., Tavzes, C. and Koestler, Robert J. Koestler, Robert J. Detection of life in art and discussion of anoxia eradication of insects and fungi Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. Abstract Booklet. 2002 116 119

 Book, Section 56448 Koestler, Robert J. Stevenson, C. M., Lee, G. and Morin, F. J. Detecting and controlling insect infestation in fine art Pacific 2000, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific 2001 541 545

 Book, Section 56445 Koestler, Robert J. Anoxic method for controlling biodeterioration in fine art Wood in the Process of Restoration 2000 14 24

 Book, Section 56439 Sardjono, S., Koestler, D. L. and Koestler, Robert J. Detection of hidden insects in museum objects by carbon dioxide measurement using FTIR Student papers: 26th conference of the Association of North American Graduate Programs in Conservation 2000 72 76

 Book, Section 56442 Koestler, Robert J. Ciferri, O., Tiano, P. and Mastromei, G. Polymers and resins as food for microbes Of Microbes and Art: The Role of Microbial Communities in the Degradation and Protection of Cultural Heritage 2000 153 167

 Book, Section 56412 Teutonico, J. M. (., Charola, A. Elena, De Witte, E., Grassegger, G., Koestler, Robert J., Laurenzi Tabasso, M., Sasse, H. R. and Snethlage, R. Baer, N. S. and Snethlage, R. Group Report: How can we ensure the responsible and effective use of treatments (cleaning, consolidation, protection)? Saving Our Architectural Heritage: The Conservation of Historic Stone Structures. Dahlem Workshop Report ES20 1997 293 313

 Book, Section 56415 Koestler, Robert J., Warscheid, T. and Nieto, F. Baer, N. S. and Snethlage, R. Biodeterioration: Risk factors and their management Saving Our Architectural Heritage: The Conservation of Historic Stone Structures. Dahlem Workshop Report ES20 1997 25 36

 Book, Section 56410 Petushkova, J. and Koestler, Robert J. Biodeterioration studies on parchment- and leather-attacking bacteria in the Commonwealth of Socialist States Conservation and Restoration of Archive and Library Materials, Preprints, Volume 1 1996 161 175

 Book, Section 56411 Koestler, Robert J. Anoxic treatment for insect control in panel painting frames with argon gas AIC Paintings Specialty Group Postprints 1996 61 72

 Book, Section 56405 Koestler, Robert J. Methods of controlling biodeterioration in fine art: An overview Mikroorganismen und biogene Schadensprozesse in der Kulturguterhaltung: Problemdefinition und Losungsmoglichkeiten 1995 7 14

 Book, Section 56397 Koestler, Robert J. and Mathews, T. F. Application of anoxic treatment for insect control in manuscripts of the library of Megisti Laura, Mount Athos, Greece Actes des Journees International d'Etudes de l'ARSAG, Environnement et Conservation de l'Ecrit, de l'Image et du Son 1994 59 62

 Book, Section 56393 Koestler, Robert J., Brimblecombe, P., Camuffo, D., Ginell, W., Graedel, T., Leavengood, P., Petushkova, J., Steiger, M., Urzi, C., Verges-Belmin, V. and Warscheid, T. Krumbein, W. E., Brimblecombe, P., Cosgrove, D. E. and Staniforth, S. How do environmental factors accelerate change? The Science, Responsibility, and Cost of Sustaining Cultural Heritage 1994 149 163

 Book, Section 56377 Lilyquist, C., Brill, R. H., Wypyski, M. T. and Koestler, Robert J. Lilyquist, C. and Brill, R. H. Part 2. Glass Studies in Early Egyptian Glass 1993 23 58

 Book, Section 56382 Charola, A. E., Bahamondez Prieto, M., Weber, C. A., von de Maele-Silva, M. E., Cabeza, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. The human factor in the preservation of the monumental heritage of Easter Island Proceedings of the International Congress on the Conservation of Stone and Other Materials 1993

 Book, Section 56380 Koestler, Robert J. Insect eradication using controlled atmospheres, and FTIR measurement for insect activity ICOM 10th Triennial Meeting, Washington, DC, Volume II 1993 882 886

 Book, Section 56371 Montegut, D., Adelson, C., Koestler, Robert J. and Indictor, Norman Vandiver, Pamela B., Druzik, James R., Wheeler, G. S. and Freestone, Ian Examination of metal threads from some XV/XVI century Italian textiles by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology III 1992 309 317

 Book, Section 56376 Bianchetti, P. I., Charola, A. Elena, Koestler, Robert J. and Laurenzi Tabasso, M. Delgado Rodrigues, J., Henriques, F. and Telmo Jeremias, F. The ruins of San Ignacio Mini, Misiones, Argentina - characterization of the stones used in their construction Proc. 7th Inter. Congr. Stone 1992 725 733

 Book, Section 56697 White, S. M., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C. and Indictor, Norman Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry of gold-silver-copper standards for comparison with historic gold objects Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 185 1991 731 740

 Book, Section 56698 Wheeler, G. E., Shearer, G. L., Fleming, S., Kelts, L. W., Vega, A. and Koestler, Robert J. Toward a better understanding of B72 acrylic resin/methyltrimethoxysilane stone consolidants Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 185 1991 209 226

 Book, Section 56998 Koestler, Robert J., Indictor, Norman and Harneman, R. Ancient Near Eastern ivories imaged and analyzed with environmental scanning electron microscopy and conventional scanning electron microscopy Scanning '90 1990 73 74

 Book, Section 56999 Tudor, P. B., Matero, F. G. and Koestler, Robert J. Llewellyn, G. C. and O'Rear, C. E. Restoration of an outdoor marble sculpture in New Orleans: A case study of the compatibility of biocidal cleaning and consolidation Biodeterioration Research 3 1990 525 533

 Book, Section 57000 Koestler, Robert J. and Santoro, E. D. Llewellyn, G. C. and O'Rear, C. E. Biodeterioration in museums - observations Biodeterioration Research 3 1990 505 509

 Book, Section 57001 Koestler, Robert J. Llewellyn, G. C. and O'Rear, C. E. Biodeterioration of cultural properties: Introduction Biodeterioration Research 3 1990 503 504

 Book, Section 57004 Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J. and Indictor, Norman Recent Results Concerning the Degradation of Historic Silk Flags Preprints, ICOM Committee for Conservation, 9th Triennial Meeting, Dresden, 26-31 August 1990 1990 277 282

 Book, Section 56996 Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C., Santamaria, C. and Indictor, Norman Study of Some Historic Silk Flags from Harrisburg Historic Paper and Textiles: Conservation and Characterization II 1989 134 142

 Book, Section 56907 Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C., Santamaria, C. and Indictor, Norman Zeronian, S. H. and Needles, H. L. Historic Silk Flags from Harrisburg (Chapter 9) Historic Paper and Textiles: Conservation and Characterization II 1989 134 142

 Book, Section 56908 Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C. and Indictor, Norman Historical silk flags studied by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (Chapter 24) Archaeological Chemistry 1988 419 428

 Book, Section 56906 DeWitte, E., Terfve, A., Koestler, Robert J. and Charola, A. Elena Conservation of the Goreme Rock: Preliminary investigations VIth International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone 1988 346 355

 Book, Section 56904 Koestler, Robert J., Santoro, E. D., Druzik, James R., Preusser, F., Koepp, L. and Derrick, M. Houghton, D. R., Smith, R. N. and Eggins, H. O. W. Status Report: Ongoing studies of the susceptibility of stone consolidants to microbiologically induced deterioration Biodeterioration 7 1988 441 448

 Book, Section 56900 Gale, F., Koestler, Robert J., Charola, A. Elena and Weiss, N. R. Hart, G. C., Englekirk, R. and Kariotis, J. Exterior masonry cleaning at Saint Thomas Church New York, New York Proceedings of the Fourth North American Masonry Conference Volume 2 1987

 Book, Section 59392 Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C. and Indictor, Norman Historic Silk Flags Studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy - Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (Chapter 24) Eighth Symposium on Archaeological Chemistry 1987

 Book, Section 56888 Koestler, Robert J., Santoro, E. D. and Dingerkus, G. Elemental and ultrastructural characteristics of the egg capsules of Nautilus pompilius Scanning Electron Microscopy II 1986 507 511

 Book, Section 56889 Indictor, Norman and Koestler, Robert J. The identification and characterization of metal wrappings in historic textiles using microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry - problems associated with identification and characterization Scanning Electron Microscopy II 1986 491 497

 Book, Section 56890 Charola, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. SEM in the evaluation of consolidation treatments for stone Scanning Electron Microscopy II 1986 479 484

 Book, Section 56882 Koestler, Robert J., Santoro, E. D., Preusser, F. and Rodarte, A. O'Rear, C. E. and Llewellyn, G. C. A note on the reaction of methyl tri-methoxy silane to mixed cultures of microorganisms Biodeterioration Research I 1986 317 321

 Book, Section 56883 Koestler, Robert J., Santoro, E. D., Ransick, L., Brill, R. H. and Lynn, M. O'Rear, C. E. and Llewellyn, G. C. Preliminary SEM study of microbiologically induced deterioration of high alkali-low lime glass Biodeterioration Research I 1986 295 307

 Book, Section 56884 Dingerkus, G. and Koestler, Robert J. Application of scanning electron microscopy to the study of shark dermal denticles Scanning Electron Microscopy II 1986 513 519

 Book, Section 56885 Charola, A. E., Lazzarini, L., Wheeler, G. E. and Koestler, Robert J. The Spanish Apse from San Martin de Fuentiduena at The Cloisters, MMA Preprints of the Inter. Inst. Conser. Hist. Art. Works, Bologna 1986 18 21

 Book, Section 56880 Koestler, Robert J., Charola, A. Elena, Wpyski, M. and Lee, J. J. Felix, G. Microbiologically induced deterioration of dolomitic and calcitic stone as viewed by scanning electron microscopy Vth International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone 1985 617 626

 Book, Section 56881 Koestler, Robert J., Charola, A. Elena and Wheeler, G. E. Scanning electron microscopy in conservation: the Abydos Reliefs Vth International Seminar on Applications of Science in Examination of Works of Art 1985 225 229

 Book, Section 56875 Tucci, A., Koestler, Robert J., Charola, A. Elena and Rossi-Manaresi, R. The influence of acid rain and UV radiation on the aging of acrylic and silicone resins Vth International Congress on the Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Lausanne 1985 891 898

 Book, Section 56892 Charola, A. E., Rossi-Manaresi, R., Koestler, Robert J., Wheeler, G. E. and Tucci, A. SEM examination of limestones treated with silane or prepolymerized silicone resin in solution Reprints of the IIC Congress "Adhesives and Consolidants" 1984 182 184

 Book, Section 56893 Rossi-Manaresi, R., Charola, A. Elena, Tucci, A., Koestler, Robert J. and Wheeler, G. E. Study of accelerated weathering of limestones treated with an acrylic-silicone resin Proceedings of the 7th Triennial Meeting of ICOM, Copenhagen, Volume 1 1984 1 4

 Book, Section 56894 Lee, J. J., McEnery, M. E., Koestler, Robert J., Lee, M. J., Reidy, J. and Shilo, M. Experimental studies of symbiont persistence in Amphistegina lessonii, a diatom-bearing species of larger foraminifera from the Red Sea Endocytobiol. II 1983 487 514

 Book, Section 56896 Charola, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. The action of salt water solutions in the deterioration of the silico-aliminate matrix of bricks Proceedings of the Conference "Il Mattone de Venezia" 1982 67 76

 Book, Section 56897 Charola, A. E., Koestler, Robert J., Rossi-Doria, P. and Tabasso, M. Physico-chemical examination of aged bricks and 'Cotto' to study the mechanism of alteration Proceedings of the Conference "Il Mattone de Venezia" 1982 211 226

 Book, Section 56898 Charola, A. E., Wheeler, G. E. and Koestler, Robert J. Treatment of the Abydos Reliefs: Preliminary investigations Proceedings of the 4th International Congress Deterioration of Stone Objects 1982 77 88