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The Museum Conservation Institute - Staff


Mary W. Ballard

Mary W. Ballard

Senior Textile Conservator

 

Phone: 301-238-1210
Fax: 301-238-3709
E-mail Address: BallardM [at] si.edu

Address:
Museum Conservation Institute
Smithsonian Institution
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, MD 20746


Education

B.A. Wellesley (1971)
M.A. and Diploma in Conservation New York University Institute of Fine Arts (1979)
Additional coursework: North Carolina State University, College of Textiles

Research Specialties and Interests

Interested in coloration of textiles and in the evidence of past technologies on historic textiles. Research specialties include work on finishes, surfactants, storage systems, climate, and exhibition as they affect the preservation of textile collections. Responsibilities include being licensed (Maryland) for fumigation, research and demonstration in order to be able to provide advice and treatment for infested textiles.

Recent Research Activities

Include the identification of mordants on printed cottons using micro-XRF; identification of natural indigo vs. synthetic indigo with isotope ratio mass spectrospectropy. On going work on the re-housing of the Black Fashion Museum collection for NMAAHC, some assistance for Renwick (SAAM) and for NASM, occasional collaborative projects with NMAH, NMNH, NMAI.

Recent Publications

Ballard, M.W. (ed.). 2009. Proceedings of the Forum on the Conservation of Thangkas: Special Session of the ICOM-CC 15th Triennial Conference, New Delhi, India, September 26,2008. Rome: International Council of Museums, Conservation Committee.

Ballard, M.W. 2008. Textile Conservation: A New World. AIC News, 33(3): 8-11.

Ballard, M.W. 2007. Microbial Growth on Textiles: Conflicting Conventions. In: Thomassen-Krauss, S., Facing Impermanence: Exploring Preventive Conservation for Textiles: Preprints, North American Textile Conservation Conference 2007, Washington, DC, November 6-9, 2007 = Enfrentando la Inestabilidad: Explorando la Conservacion Preventiva de Textiles: .... North American Textile Conservation Conference, pp.60-65.

Ballard, M.W. 2007<. Natural dyes: Sources, tradition, technology and science. Studies in Conservation, 52(4): 318-319.

Books

Ballard, Mary W. and Dignard, Carole (eds.) Proceedings of the Forum on the Conservation of Thangkas: Special Session of the ICOM-CC 15th Triennial Conference, New Delhi, India, September 26,2008 2009 120 International Council of Museums, Conservation Committee Rome

Ballard, Mary W. and Rushfield, Rebecca Anne (eds.) The Materials, Technology, and Art of Conservation: Studies in honor of Lawrence J. Majewski on the occasion of his 80th birthday, February 10, 1999 1999 315 Conservation Center of the Institute of Fine Arts New York

Ballard, Mary W. (ed.) Conservation Services Directory 1999 Washington Conservation Guild Washington, DC

Bowes, Andrea, Collins, Stephen, Elliott, Shannon, Harris, La Tasha, Hazlett, Laura, Methe, Ester, Razak, Muhammadin and Subagiyo, Pugi Yosep Ballard, Mary W. (ed.) Important Early Synthetic Dyes: Chemistry, Constitution, Date, Properties 1991 1 148 Conservation Analytical Laboratory, Smithsonian Institution Suitland, MD https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/7054

Book Chapters

Ballard, Mary, France, Christine, Solazzo, Caroline and Moini, Mehdi Dating SIlk and other Innovations in Mass Spectrometry Textile Specialty Group Post Prints (Volume 21) American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 2013 -

Ballard, Mary W., Alden, Harry, Cunningham, Roland H., Hopwood, Walter, Koles, Joseph and Dussubieux, Laure Simpson, Elizabeth Appendix 8: Preliminary Analyses of Textiles Associated with the Wooden Furniture of Tumulus MM The Gordion Wooden Objects, Volume 1 The Furniture from Tumulus MM Brill Leiden; Boston 2010 203- 223

Ballard, Mary W. Update: Detergency & the Aqueous Cleaning of Antique Textiles Postprints of the Textile Specialty Group American Institute for Conservation Washington, DC 2009 89- 101

Ballard, Mary W. Thomassen-Krauss, Suzanne Microbial Growth on Textiles: Conflicting Conventions Facing Impermanence: Exploring Preventive Conservation for Textiles: Preprints, North American Textile Conservation Conference 2007, Washington, DC, November 6-9, 2007 = Enfrentando la Inestabilidad: Explorando la Conservacion Preventiva de Textiles: ... North American Textile Conservation Conference 2007 60- 65

Dussubieux, Laure and Ballard, Mary W. Using ICP-MS to Detect Inorganic Elements in Organic Materials: A New Tool to Identify Mordants or Dyes on Ancient Textiles Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Volume 852 Materials Research Society 2005 -

Dussubieux, Laure, Naedel, Dan, Cunningham, Roland, Alden, Harry and Ballard, Mary W. Accuracy, precision and investigation: mordant analysis on antique textiles by various methods Preprints of the 14th Triennial Meeting ICOM Committee for Conservation, The Hague, 12-16 September 2005, Volume 2 2005 898- 903

Ballard, Mary W. and Indictor, Norman Randolph, Julie, MacKay, Kathleen and Hanson, Robin M. Germ Theory Textile Specialty Group Postprints: American Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works, 32nd Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, June 2004, Volume 14 2004 11- 20

Ballard, Mary W. Koestler, Victoria H., Charola, A. Elena and Nieto-Fernandez, Fernando E. Microbial growth on textiles: conflicting conventions International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation. Postprints of Art, Biology and Conservation 2002: Biodeterioration of Works of Art, June 13-15, 2002 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City 2003 -

Indictor, Norman and Ballard, Mary W. A survey of some recent literature and studies pertaining to the C-14 dating of textiles Preprints, ICOM Committee for Conservation, 12th Triennial Meeting, Lyon, 29 August - 3 September 1999, Volume 2 1999 631- 636

Ballard, Mary W. Charola, A. E. and Koestler, Robert J. Biodeterioration of Textiles Biodeterioration Butterworths London 1999 -

Ballard, Mary W. and Indictor, Norman Some Attitudes Towards Carbon-14 Dating of Textiles Eastern Analytical Symposium Abstracts, Number 294 1998 105- 105

Ballard, Mary W. and Rhee, Heasoon The Effect of Surfactant Residues on Silk SFT Jubilee Silk Conference 1997 -

Collins, Stephen, Mecklenburg, Marion F. and Ballard, Mary W. Fabric Selection and its Relationship to Dimensional Changes in Support Systems for Constrained Fabric Mounting Devices So Many Countries So Many Customs: Different Approaches to Textile Conservation (International Conference of the ICOM Conservation Committee Working Group on Textiles, Budapest, Hungary, 9/11-15/1995 Academic Projects London 1996 -

Ballard, Mary W. Roy, Ashok and Smith, Perry Masking and Misinterpreting Cotton Fibers: Dangers Associated with the Fiber Analysis of Archaeological Textiles Archaeological Conservation and its Consequences: Preprints of the Contributions to the Copenhagen Congress, 26-30 August 1996 IIC London 1996 6- 10 https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/10300

Ballard, Mary W. Hanging Out: Strength, Elongation, and Relative Humidity B Some Physical Properties of Textile Fibers Preprints ICOM Committee for Conservation, Triennial Meeting, Edinburgh James and James Ltd London 1996 665- 669

Ballard, Mary W. Dead Walter's Clothes Archaeological Conservation and Its Consequences: Summaries of the Posters at the Copenhagen Congress, 26-30 August 1996 IIC London 1996 1-

Cockburn, E. and Ballard, Mary W. Cotton in Ancient Egypt: A Unique Find Proceedings of the First World Congress on Mummy Studies 1996 625- 631

Ballard, Mary W. How Backings Work: The Effect of Textile Properties on Appearance Linging and Backing: The Support of Paintings, Paper and Textiles, The UKIC Conference, 7-8 November 1995 UKIC London 1995 14- 39

Ballard, Mary W. Hide Glue: Traditional Advantages and Disadvantages The Conservation of 18th Century Painted Silk Dress Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Costume Institute New York 1995 134- 145

Ballard, Mary W. Pigment Printing: Past and Present Preprints: The Treatment and Handling of Textiles with Associated Problematic Materials, Second Biannual Symposium, Textile Conservation Group, October 5-6, 1994 Textile Conservation Group New York 1994 11- 44

Ballard, Mary W., Caner-Saltik, E. N., Drewello, R., Caston, P. S. C. and Schuller, M. Krumbein, W. E., Brimblecombe, P., Cosgrove, D. E. and Staniforth, S. Appendix 2: Proposal to Bridge the Gap Between Theory and Practice in the Conservation of Ancient Monuments Durability and Change: The Science, Responsibility and Cost of Sustaining Cultural Heritage John Wiley and Sons New York 1994 290- 292

Staniforth, Rapporteur S., Ballard, Mary W., Caner-Saltik, E. N., Drewello, R., Eckmann, I-L, Krumbein, W. E., Padfield, Tim, Reddy, M. M., Schuller, M., Simon, S., Slavoshevskaya, L., Tennent, N. H. and Witers, W. Krumbein, W. E., Brimblecombe, P., Cosgrove, D. E. and Staniforth, S. Group Report: What are Appropriate Strategies to Evaluate Change and to Sustain Cultural Heritage Durability and Change: The Science, Responsibility and Cost of Sustaining Cultural Heritage John Wiley and Sons New York 1994 217- 224

Heald, Susan, Commoner, Lucy and Ballard, Mary W. McLean, C. C. A Study of Deposits on Glass in Direct Contact with Mounted Textiles The Textile Specialty Group Postprints, Volume 3 American Institute for Conservation Washington, DC 1994 6- 18

Rhee, Heasoon and Ballard, Mary W. McLean, C. C. The Chemical Interaction of Surfactants with Fibers, Especially Silk The Textile Specialty Group Postprints, Volume 3 American Institute for Conservation Washington, DC 1994 28- 37 https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/11182

Ballard, Mary W. Thomassen Kraus, S., Eaton, L. and Rieter, S. L. Climate and Conservation The Textile Specialty Group Postprints, Volume 2 American Institute for Conservation Washington, DC 1994 31- 45

Rosenberg, A., Ballard, Mary W., Timar-Balazsy, A. and Indictor, Norman Barnes, R. Appendix: Technical Notes Indian Block Printed Cotton Fragments in the Kelsey Museum, The University of Michigan University of Michigan Press Ann Arbor, MI 1993 91- 97

Rhee, H. and Ballard, Mary W. Surfactants and Silk Silk: Harpers Ferry Regional Textile Group 11th Preservation Symposium, Washington, DC 1992 Harpers Ferry Regional Textile Group Harpers Ferry, WV 1993 29- 33

Rhee, H. and Ballard, Mary W. Residues of Surfactant on Silk Preprints for the ICOM Committee for Conservation, 10th Triennial Meeting, Washington, DC, 22-27 August 1993, Volume 1 1993 327- 329

Ballard, Mary W. Bachmann, Konstanze Emergency Planning Conservation Concerns: A Guide for Collectors and Curators Smithsonian Institution Press Washington, DC 1992 11- 14

Collins, S., Ballard, Mary W. and Mecklenburg, Marion F. Fabric Selection and Its Relationship to Dimensional Changes in Support Systems for Constrained Fabric Mounting Devices Textiles on Parade: Exhibition Successes and Disasters Harpers Ferry Regional Textile Group Washington, DC 1990 10- 20

Lim Chong Quek, Razak, M. and Ballard, Mary W. Pest Control for Temperature vs. Tropical Museums: North America vs. Southeast Asia Preprints, ICOM Committee for Conservation, 9th Triennial Meeting, Dresden, 26-31 August 1990 1990 817- 820

Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J. and Indictor, Norman Recent Results Concerning the Degradation of Historic Silk Flags Preprints, ICOM Committee for Conservation, 9th Triennial Meeting, Dresden, 26-31 August 1990 1990 277- 282

Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C., Santamaria, C. and Indictor, Norman Study of Some Historic Silk Flags from Harrisburg Historic Paper and Textiles: Conservation and Characterization II American Chemical Society Washington, DC 1989 134- 142

Ballard, Mary W. and Pledger, Virginia Mannequins: A Re-examination Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Seventeenth Annual Meeting, Cincinnati, May 31-June 4, 1989 American Institute for Conservation Washington, DC 1989 29-

Knutson, T. and Ballard, Mary W. Dyeing Polyester: Disperse Dyes for Textile Conservation Work 20th Century Materials, Testing and Textile Conservation, Ninth Symposium Harpers Ferry Regional Textile Group Harpers Ferry, WV 1989 57- 74

Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C., Santamaria, C. and Indictor, Norman Zeronian, S. H. and Needles, H. L. Historic Silk Flags from Harrisburg (Chapter 9) Historic Paper and Textiles: Conservation and Characterization II American Chemical Society Washington, DC 1989 134- 142

Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C. and Indictor, Norman Historical silk flags studied by scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (Chapter 24) Archaeological Chemistry 1988 419- 428

Ballard, Mary W. The Removal of Crosslinked Synthetic Latex from Carpets: Preliminary Results Preprints of the Eighth Triennial Meeting of the ICOM Committee for Conservation, Sydney, Australia 1987 331- 338

Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J., Blair, C. and Indictor, Norman Historic Silk Flags Studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy - Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (Chapter 24) Eighth Symposium on Archaeological Chemistry American Chemical Society Washington, DC 1987 -

Journal Articles

Moini, Mehdi, Klauenberg, Kathryn and Ballard, Mary 2011 Dating Silk by Capillary Electrophoresis Mass Spectrometry Analytical Chemistry 83 (19): 7577- 7581 10.1021/ac201746u

Solazzo, Caroline, Heald, Susan, Ballard, Mary W., Ashford, David A., DePriest, Paula T., Koestler, Robert J. and Collins, Matthew 2011 Coast Salish blankets: a tale of shaggy dogs? Antiquity 85 ( ): 1- 14

Ballard, Mary W. 2008 Textile Conservation: A New World AIC news : newsletter of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 33 (3): 8- 11

Ballard, Mary W. 2007 Natural dyes: Sources, tradition, technology and science Studies in Conservation 52 (4): 318- 319 LONDON; 6 BUCKINGHAM ST, LONDON WC2N 6BA, ENGLAND INT INST CONSERVATION HISTORIC ARTISTIC WORKS

Ballard, Mary and Rushfield, Rebecca 2006 Kathryn Olivia Scott, 1911-2005 IFI Alumni Newsletter (42): 19- 20

Ballard, Mary W. 2002 Conference Report: Art, Biology and Conservation 2002: Biodeterioration of Works of Art, June 13-15, 2002 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City AIC news : newsletter of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works ( ): 17- 19

Yamazaki-Kleps, A., Ballard, Mary W. and Koestler, Robert J. 2002 Art, Biology and Conservation 2002: Biodeterioration of Works of Art, June 13-15, 2002 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City (in Japanese) News Letter of the Japan Society for the Conservation of Cultural Property (92): 000-

Ballard, Mary W. 1998 May Meeting Summary: Star Spangled Banner Conservation Project - Suzanne Thomassen-Kraus Washington Conservation Guild Newsletter 22 (4): 3- 4

Ballard, Mary W. 1998 Mysteries and Speculations Textile Conservation Newsletter (34): 20- 21

Ballard, Mary W. 1998 An IPM Checklist for Planning and Implementing Pest Control on Art and Artifact Collections Collections Caretaker 1 (3): 4- 5

Ballard, Mary W. 1998 Conference Reports: The Care and Preservation of Modern Materials in Costume Collections AIC news : newsletter of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 23 (3): 19- 19

Ballard, Mary W. and Parker, Thomas 1998 Take Care to Follow Pesticide Regulations Collections Caretaker 1 (3): 2- 3

Ballard, Mary W. and Parker, Thomas 1997 Laws and Licensing: Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) AIC news : newsletter of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 22 (3): 5-

Ballard, Mary W. 1997 More on Moisture: Cohesive, Temporary, or Permanent Set and Hygral Expansion Textile Conservation Newsletter (32): 5- 20 https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/11191

Ballard, Mary W. 1997 An IPM Checklist for Planning & Implementing Pest Control on Art & Artifact Collections AIC news : newsletter of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 22 (3): 3- 4

Ballard, Mary W. 1996 Effects of Orvus Hali (88): 65-

Ballard, Mary W. 1996 A Tribute to Kathryn Scott Textile Conservation Group Newsletter 18 (5): 9-

Ballard, Mary W. 1996 IIC Conference: A Participant's Viewpoint Textile Conservation Group Newsletter 18 (5): 8-

Ballard, Mary W. 1996 Hanging out with tapestries, carpets, quilts: the effect of textile properties on appearance Textile Conservation Group Newsletter 18 (3): 1- 4

Ballard, Mary W. 1995 Mechanical Properties: Preview and Review Textile Conservation Newsletter (28): 14- 28

Ballard, Mary W. 1994 Integrated Pest Management in Museum, Library and Archival Facilities History News 49 (4): 6- 7

Ballard, Mary W. and Czubay, Paul 1992 Latex Misuse on Historic Carpets and Textiles Polymer Preprints 33 (2): 664- 665

Ballard, Mary W. and Baer, N. S. 1989 Conservation Notes: Halogenated Hydrocarbon Drycleaning Solvents International Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship 8 (3): 336- 344

Ballard, Mary W. and Baer, N. S. 1987 Conservation Notes: Is Fumigation Possible? International Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship 6 ( ): 83- 86

Ballard, Mary W. 1987 Textile Conservation Laboratory, Conservation Analytical Laboratory Textile Conservation Newsletter ( ): 22- 23

Ballard, Mary W., Koestler, Robert J. and Indictor, Norman 1986 Weighted Silks Observed Using Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry Scanning electron microscopy 2 ( ): 499- 506

Ballard, Mary W. and Baer, Norbert S. 1986 Ethylene Oxide Fumigation: Results and Risk Assessment Restaurator 7 (4): 143- 168

Ballard, Mary W. 1985 Textile Conservation at the Conservation Analytical Laboratory, Washington, DC Textile Conservation Newsletter ( ): 27- 28

Online Publications

Web Page Ballard, Mary W. World Trade Center dust: its potential to interact with artifacts and works of art 2001 http://aic.stanford.edu/health/wtc1.html https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/19559