Kaiya, Z. and Z. Xingduan.
1991 Baiji :the Yantze
River Dolphin and other Endangered Animals of
Stonewall Press, Inc., Washington, DC 132 pp. (Summary of research
by Chinese scientists.)
Kanwisher, J. W. and S. H. Ridgway
1983 "The Physiological Ecology of Whales and
Porpoises.” Scientific American, Vol. 248, No.6,
June 1983, pp. 110-121.
Katona, S., P. Harcourt, J. S. Perkins, and S.D.
l980 Humpback Whales. A Catalogue of
Individuals Identified by Fluke Photographs. College
of the Atlantic, Bar Harbour, ME. l69 pp.
Katona, S. K., V. Rough, and D. T. Richardson
1993 A Field Guide to Whales, Porpoises and
Seals from Cape
Cod to Newfoundland.
Fourth edition, revised. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington,
DC. 316 pp.
Kellogg, W. N.
l96l Porpoises and Sonar. University
of Chicago Press. l77 pp. (A popular book on the Bottlenose
Dolphin, Tursiops truncatus.)
King, J. K., and M. M. Bryden (Editors)
1985 Studies of Sea Mammals in South Latitudes. South
Australian Museum. 132 pp.
Kinze, C. C.
2002 Marine Mammals of the
Atlantic. Princeton Field Guides. Princeton
University Press, Princeton and Oxford. 192 pp. (Good reference
book and field guide for public and biologist.)
Kirkevold, B., and J. S. Lockard (Editors)
1986 Behavioral Biology of Killer Whales.
Zoo Biology Monographs, Vol. 1. Liss, NY.
Kleinenberg, S.E. et al
l969 Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas):
Investigation of the Species. Translated by O. Theodor. National
Science Foundation. (Available from the National Technical Information
Service, Springfield, VA 22l6l. Stock No. TT‑67‑5l345.)
Klevezal, G. A.
1996 Recording Structures of Mammals. Determination
of Age and Reconstruction of Life History. Revised and updated
edition in English from original 1988 text. Translated by M. V. Mina
and A. V. Oreshkin. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Brookfield. 274 pp.
Klinowska, M. (compiler)
1991 Dolphins, Porpoises and Whales of the
World. The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
429 pp. (Includes an introduction by Justin Cooke, an overview to
the Red Data Books, general biology of cetaceans, nomenclature, threats,
population, status, and research. Majority of text devoted to
review of species.)
Leatherwood, S., and R.R. Reeves
1983 (See Popular)
Leatherwood, S., R.R. Reeves, W.F. Perrin and W.
1988 Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises of the
Eastern North Pacific and Adjacent Arctic Waters. A
guide to their identification. Dover Press, NY. 245 p.
(Corrected and slightly revised republication of 1982 NOAA Tech Report,
Leatherwood, S., R.R. Reeves, W.F. Perrin and W.
1988 Ballenas. Delfines y Marsopas del Pacifico
Nororiental y de las Aguas Articas Adyacentes. Una Guia Para su Identificacion.
Informe Especial No. 6, Comision Inter-americana del Atun Tropical,
La Jolla, CA 245 pp. Translated from the English publication.
Leatherwood, S. and R. R. Reeves (Editors)
1989 The Bottlenose Dolphin. Academic
Press, San Diego, CA 653 pp. (Recent biological and behavioral
discoveries about bottlenose dolphins from different regions; subjects
covered include evolution and fossil record, anatomy and physiology,
systematics, biology, behavior, distribution, husbandry and captive
breeding, and research techniques.)
Lien, J. and S. Katona
1990 A Guide to the Photographic Identification
of Individual Whales Based on Their Natural and Acquired Markings.
Breakwater, St. Johns, Newfoundland. 77 pp.
l975 Lilly on Dolphins: Humans
of the Sea. Anchor Press, Garden City, NY. 500 pp. (Revised
edition of two books by Lilly: Man and Dolphin and
The Mind of the Dolphin.)
Mackintosh, N. A.
l965 The Stocks of Whales. Fishing
News Books Ltd., London. 232 pp. (Chapters include seasonal
cycle, distribution and segregation of the populations, population
structure, the whaling industry and its regulation, and stock analysis
of specific whale species.)
1990 (See Whaling)
Mammalian Species Accounts/ American Society of Mammalogists
1972 Lipotes vexillifer.
Mammalian Species, No. 10, by R. L., Brownell,
Jr., and E.S. Herald, June 16, 1972, pp. 1‑4.
1974 Phocoena phocoena.
Mammalian Species, No 42, by D. E. Gaskin et al. June
28, 1974, pp. 1-8. (Harbor Porpoise)
1975 Phocoena dioptrica.
Mammalian Species, No. 66, by R. L. Brownell, Jr., November
21, 1975, pp. 1‑3. (Spectacled Porpoise)
l980 Monodon monoceros.
Mammalian Species, No.l27, by R.R. Reeves and S. Tracey,
April l5, l980, 1‑7 pp. (Narwhal)
1983 Phocoena sinus.
Mammalian Species, No. 198, by R. L. Brownell, Jr.,
April 8, 1983, pp. 1‑3. (Cochito)
1984 Phocoena spinipinnis.
Mammalian Species, No. 217, by R. L. Brownell, Jr.,
and R. Praderi, April 27, 1984, pp. 1‑4. (Burmeister's
1985 Mesoplodon stejnegeri.
Mammalian Species, No. 250, by T.R. Loughlin and M.A.
Perez, December 13, 1985, pp. 1‑6. (Stejneger's Beaked Whale)
1985 Kogia simus.
Mammalian Species, No. 239, by D. Nagorsen, May 24,
1985, pp. 1-6. (Dwarf Sperm Whale)
1988 Orcinus orca.
Mammalian Species, No. 304, by J. E. Heyning and M.
E. Dahlheim, January 1988, pp. 1‑9. (Killer Whale.)
1988 Phocoenoides dalli.
Mammalian Species, No. 319, by T.A. Jefferson, December
27, 1988, pp. 1‑7. (Dall's Porpoise)
1989 Delphinapteurus leucas. Mammalian
Species, No.336, by B. E. Stewart and R. E. A. Stewart, May
12, 1989, pp. 1‑8. (Beluga)
1993 Lissodelphis borealis.
Mammalian Species, No. 425, by T. A. Jefferson, and
M. W. Newcomer, April 23, 1993, pp. 1-6. (Northern Right Whale Dolphin)
1993 Inia geoffrencis. Mammalian
Species, No. 426, by R. C. Best and V. M. F. da Silva, April
23, 1993, pp. 1-8. (Boto)
1994 Pseudorca crassidens.
Mammalian Species, No. 456, by P. J. Stacey et al.,
June 2, 1994, pp. 1-6. (False Killer Whale)
1994 Lagenodelphis hosei. Mammalian
Species, No. 470, by T. A. Jefferson, and S. Leatherwood,
June 2, 1994, pp. 1-5. (Fraser's Dolphin)
1996 Sotalia fluviatilus.
Mammalian Species, No. 527, by V. M. F de Silva and
R. C. Best, May 17, 1996, pp. 1-7. (Tucuxi)
1998 Stenella longirostris Mammalian
Species, No. 599, by W. Perrin, December 4, 1998, pp. 1-7.
1999 Stenella coeruleoalba, Mammalian Species,
No. 603, by F. I. Archer II and W.F. Perrin, May 5, pp. 1-9. (Striped
1999 Megaptera novaeangliae, Mammalian
Species, No. 604, by P. J. Claphan and J.G. Mead, May
5, 1999, pp. 1-9. (Humpback whale)
1999 Orcaella brivirostris, Mammalian
Species, No. 616, by P. J. Stacey and P. W. Arnold, pp. 1-8.
2001 Sousa chinensis, Mammalian
Species, No. 655, by T. A. Jefferson and L. Karczmarski, January
23, 2001, pp. 1-9. (Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin)
attenuata, Mammalian Species, No. 683, by W.F. Perrin, pp. 1-8.
(Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)
Mesoplodon europaeus, Mammalian
Species, No. 688, by S. A. Norman and J. G. Mead, December
26, 2001, pp. 1-5.(Gervais’ Beaked Whale)
Stenella frontalis, Mammalian Species,
No.702, by W.F. Perrin, July, pp. 1-6. (Atlantic Spotted Dolphin)
2003 Stenella clymene,
Mammalian Species, No. 726, by T. A. Jefferson and
B. E. Curry, July 30, 2003, pp. 1-5 (Clymene Dolphin)
Mann, J., R. C. Connor, P. L. Tyack, and H. Whitehead
2000 Cetacean Societies. Field Studies of
Dolphins and Whales. University of Chicago Press, Chicago,
London. 433 pp. (Social behavior, long term studies, communication,
feeding behavior, reproductive behavior, comparisons of bottlenose
dolphin, killer whale, sperm whale, humpback, conservation and research.)
Martin, A. and International Team of Experts
1990 (See Popular)
Matthews, L. Harrison
l978 The Natural History of the Whale.
Columbia University Press, NY. 2l9 pp., illus. (History of whale
studies from Aristotle to the present; chapters on behavior, feeding,
communication, echolocation, migration, growth, reproduction, disease
Mchedlidze, G. A.
1984 General Features of the Paleobiological
Evolution of Cetacea. [Osnovnye Cherty Paleobiologicheskoi
Istorii Kiloobrznykh] Amerind Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
139 pp. + 32 plates. (Translated from the Russian; available from
the National Technical Information Service, Springfield,
VA 22161. Phone No. 703-605-6000. Stock No. PB86153962.)
Mead, J. G., and Gold, J.P.
Mead, J. G., W. A. Walker, and W. J. Houck
l982 Biological Observations on Mesoplodon
carlhubbsi (Cetacea: Ziphiidae). Smithsonian
Contributions to Zoology, No. 344. Smithsonian Institution Press,
Washington, DC. 25 pp., ll figs.
l85l Moby Dick. Various
publishers, numerous editions. (More information on whales and
whaling than many modern works, with fewer errors.)
l975 Porpoise, Dolphin and Small Whale
Fisheries of the World. Status and Problems. IUCN Monograph
No. 3. International Union for Conservation of Nature and
Natural Resources, Morges,
Switzerland. l29 pp., photographs, bibliography. (Presents history
and techniques used by the fisheries; a discussion of exploitation
using geographic and systematic categories.)
Morgane, PJ ., M.S. Jacobs, and W. L. McFarland
l980 The Anatomy of the Brain of the
Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Surface Configuration of
the Telencephalon of the Bottlenose Dolphin with Comparative Anatomical
Observations in Four Other Cetacean Species. Brain Research
Bulletin, Vol. 5, Supplement 3. Ankho International Inc.,
NY l07 pp.
National Academy of Sciences
l985 Jojoba: New Crop for Arid Lands,
New Raw Materials for Industry. National Research Council,
Board on Science & Technology for International Development, Washington,
DC. 102 pp.
National Marine Fisheries/ NOAA
Most Report to Congress
on Administration of the Marine
Mammal Protection Act of l972.
U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Marine Fisheries, Washington,
DC 20235.(Comprehensive publication every three years; annual
updates; reports current status of all marine mammal species, ecological
problems, current research, general biology and bibliographies on
National Research Council
1992 Dolphins and the Tuna Industry.
Committee on Reducing Porpoise Mortality from Tuna Fishing.
National Academy Press, Washington, DC. 192 pp.
Norman, J. R. and F. C. Fraser
l937 Giant Fishes, Whales and Dolphins.
Putman, London. 36l pp. (One of the few guides to whales. Old but
good.) Out of print.
Norris, K. S. (Editor)
l966 Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises:
Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Cetacean Research,
University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles. 789
pp. California Library Reprint Series, l977. (Sections on systematics,
distribution and natural history, anatomy, physiology and sea animal
propulsion, underwater observation and recordings, communication,
echo‑location, and recognition and behavior.)
Norris, K. S., B. Wursig, R. S. Wells, and M. Wursig
1994 The Hawaiian Spinner Dolphin.
University of California Press, Berkeley. 435 pp. (Monograph: includes
description of species, systematics, social organization of populations,
reproduction, vision, vocalization, hearing, feeding, cooperative
behavior and cultural system.)
Northridge, S. P.
1984 World Review of Interactions between
Marine Mammals and Fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper
251, Rome Italy. 190 pp.
Mammals of the World. 6th edition. 2 Vols., Johns Hopkins
University Press, Baltimore
and London (Overall distribution and general biology of various cetaceans,
Vol. II, pp 896-981.)
2003 Walker’s Marine Mammals of the World.
Foreword by John E. Heyning; Introduction by Randall R. Reeves and
Brent S. Stewart. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore
and London. 264 pp. (Substantial introduction with bibliography
provides in depth discussions for both layman and professional.)
Ocean Studies Board and National Research Council
2000 Marine Mammals and Low Frequency Sound:
Progress Since 1994. (An update to the 1994 Low-Frequency
Sound and Marine Mammals. Current Knowledge and Research Needs.
Office of Naval Research, National Academy Press, Washington,
DC. 75 pp.
1989 "Whither the Whales?" Oceanus,
Vol. 32, No.1, Spring 1989, 144 pp. Entire issue devoted to the biology
and behavior of whales; articles written by researchers in the field.
Payne, R. (Editor)
1983 Communication and Behavior of Whales.
AAAS Selected Symposium 76. Westview Press, CO. 643 pp. (Papers on
vocalizations, behavior on breeding grounds, migratory destinations
and stock identification, and research techniques.)
Perrin, W.F. (Compiler)
1988 Dolphins, Porpoises and Whales. An Action
Plan for Conservation of Biological Diversity: 1988‑1992.
IUCN Publications Service, Cambridge,
U.K. 28 pp.
Perrin, W.F., R. L. Brownell, Jr., Z. Kaiya, and
L. Jiankang (Editors)
1989 Biology and Conservation of the River
Dolphins. IUCN Species Survival Commission Occasional Paper
no. 3. From a workshop, Wuhan, China, Oct. 1986. International
Union for the Conservation of Nature, Cambridge, U.K. 173 pp. (Consists
of a general report that includes brief reviews of the distribution,
biology, population status, and conservation of each of five species
and revised versions of 24 papers on these species detailing physiology,
behavior, and conservation issues.)
Perrin, W.F., M. L. L. Dolar, and M. N. R. Alava
1996 Report of the Workshop on the Biology
and Conservation of Small Cetaceans and Dugongs of
Asia. (Report of Workshop in Damaguete, Philippines,
27-30June 1995) UNEP (W)/EAS WG.1/2, Bangkok. 101 pp.
Perrin, W.F., B. Wursig, and J. G. M. Thewissen,
Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Academic
Press, San Diego,
San Francisco. 1414 pp. (Comprehensive work by
experts in the field on all aspects of biology and behavior.)
l980 The Secrets of the Blind Dolphin.
Sind Wildlife Management Board, Karachi,
Pakistan. 2l5 pp. (Field observations and laboratory studies of the
endangered river dolphin.)
Pilleri, G. (Editor)
l969 Investigations on Cetacea.
Brain Anatomy Institute, Berne, Switzerland. (Technical papers, published
yearly, on taxonomy, ecology, behavior, bioacoustics, anatomy, parasitology,
and history of cetaceans.)
l979 "The Feeding Mechanisms of Baleen
Whales." American Scientist, Vol. 67, No. 4, July‑August,
l979, pp. 432‑440. (Description of feeding in Right Whales,
the Gray Whale, and Finner Whales.)
Pryor, K. and K. S. Norris (Editors)
1991 Dolphin Societies. Discoveries
and Puzzles. University of California Press, Berkeley.
397 pp. (Field studies and captive studies of dolphins and killer
Reeves, R.R., E. Mitchell, A. Mansfield, and M. McLaughlin
1983 "Distribution and Migration of the Bowhead
Whale Balaena mysticetus, in the Eastern North American Arctic."
Vol. 36, No. 1, March 1983, pp. 6‑64.
Reeves, R.R., Leatherwood, S. and Lal Mohan, R. S.
1993 A Future for Asian
Dolphins. Report from a Seminar on the Conservation of River
Dolphins in the Indian Subcontinent. WDCS. 39 pp
Reeves, R., S. Leatherwood, and IUCN/SSC Cetacean
Specialist Group (Compilers)
1994 Dolphins, Porpoises, and Whales: 1994-1998
Action Plan for the Conservation of Cetaceans. International
Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland,
Switzerland. 92 pp. (Revised edition of 1989 Dolphins, Porpoises,
and Whales, 2nd edition, compiled by W.F. Perrin.)
Reeves, R.R., B.S. Stewart, P. J. Clapham
and J. A. Powell. Illustrated by P. A. Folkens.
2002 National Audubon Society Guide to Marine
Mammals of the World. Alfred A. Knopf, New
York. 527 pp. (Well laid out and illustrated with distribution
maps and life history statistics defined at the end of each
species account. Well done.) `
Reynolds, J. E., III, and D. K. Odell (Editors)
1991 Marine Mammal Strandings in the
States. Proceedings of the Second Marine Mammal Stranding
Workshop Miami, Florida, December 305, 1987. NOAA Technical
Report NMFS 98. US. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information
Service, Springfield, VA 22161. 157 pp.
Reynolds, J. E., III, and S.
A. Rommel (Editors)
1999 Biology of Marine Mammals.
Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. 578 pp. (Comprehensive
work written by experts in the field on many aspects of biology and
Reynolds, J. E., III, R. S . Wells, and S.D. Eide
2000 The Bottlenose Dolphin. Biology
and Conservation. University Press of Florida Gainesville, Florida.
289 pp. (Includes evolution, anatomy, life history, behavior, human
interactions, intelligence, conservation.)
Rice, D. W., and A. Wolman
l97l The Life History and
Ecology of the Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus). Special
Publication No.3. American Society of Mammalogists. l42 pp.
Richardson, W J., C.R. Greene, Jr., C.I. Malme, and D. H. Thomson
1995 Marine Mammals and Noise. Academic
Press, Inc., San Diego. 450 pp. Paperback reprint 1998.
Ridgway, S. H. (Editor)
l972 Mammals of the Sea: Biology and
Medicine. Charles C Thomas, Springfield,
Illinois. 8l2 pp., many figs. (A general review of marine mammal biology
of both captive and free‑ranging animals.)
Ridgway, S. H., and R.J. Harrison (Editors)
1985 Handbook of Marine
Mammals. 6 Volumes.
Academic Press, London and New York. Vol. 3: The Sirenians and Baleen
1999 Whales, 1985, 362 pp.,
Vol. 4: River Dolphins and the Larger Toothed Whales,
cont. 1989, 442 pp., Vol.
5: The First Book of Dolphins, 1994, 416 pp., Vol. 6: The
Second Book of Dolphins and Porpoises, 1999, 486 pp.
Rohr, J. J., F. E. Fish, and J. W. Gilpatrick,
2002 “Maximum Swim Speeds of Captive and Free-ranging
Delphinids: Critical Analysis of Extraordinary Performance.” Marine
Mammal Science, 18(1):1-19. (Separates fact from fiction with
studies that demonstrate realistic maximum speeds.)
Ross, G. J. B.
l979 "Records of Pygmy and Dwarf Sperm
Whales, Genus Kogia." Annals of the Cape
Provincial Museums, Vol. ll, Part l4, pp. 259‑327. (Biology
1984 "The Smaller Cetaceans of the
South East Coast
of Southern Africa." Annals of the
Vol. 15, Part 2 , pp. 173‑410. (Taxonomy and biology.)
2001 Eye of the Whale: Epic Passage from Baja
to Siberia. Simon & Schuster, New York.
Paper reprint, 2004, by Island Press. 689 pp. (Gray Whale migration)