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List of References on Endangered, Threatened, and Recently Extinct Mammals

This section focuses on a specific vertebrate group: MAMMALS.

The publications listed below are not available from the Smithsonian Institution. They can be obtained from most large public libraries or can be requested through an interlibrary loan. Many are currently in print and can be ordered from local bookstores.  

Ackerman,  D.
1997 The Rarest of the Rare: Vanishing Animals, Timeless Worlds. Vintage Books, New York. 184 pp. (Monk seals, short-tailed albatrosses, golden lion tamarins)
Allen, D.
1979 Wolves of Minong. Their Vital Role in a Wild Community. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 499 pp. (Account of wolves on Isle Royale; predator prey relationships, particularly with moose.)
Allen, G.M.
l942 Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Western Hemisphere. American Committee on International Wildlife Protection, Washington, DC 620 pp. l972 reprint. (This book and a companion volume by Harper list and discuss mammals whose populations are seriously depleted or have become non existent; includes marine mammals having world wide distribution.)
Arnold, C.
1987 Koala. William Morrow & Co. Inc., New York. 48 pp.(For elementary school children, ages 5-9.)
Bailey, T.N.
1993 The African Leopard: Ecology and Behavior of a Solitary Felid. Columbia University Press, New York. 429 pp. (Technical study of leopards in Kruger National Park, impact of humans, other predators; includes population, movements, feeding ecology, social organization, and conservation issues.)
Banks, V.
1988 The Red Wolf Gets a Second Chance to Live by its Wits. Smithsonian, Vol. 18, No. 2, March 1988, pp. 100-107. (Release of captive-bred red wolves into a Carolina refuge.)
Boyd, L. and K. A. Houpt (Editors)
1994 Przewalski's Horse: the History and Biology of an Endangered Species. State University of New York Press, Albany. 313 pp.
Breeden, S.
1984 Tiger! Lord of the Indian Jungle. National Geographic, Vol. 166, No. 6, pp. 748-773.
Brown, D.E.
1983 The Wolf in the Southwest: the Making of an Endangered Species. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 195 pp.
1991 Revival for el Tigre? Defenders, Vol. 66, No. 1, pp. 27-35. (Jaguar in the southwest U.S.)
Burton, J.A. and B. Pearson
1988 The Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Stephen Green Press, Lexington, Massachusetts. 240 pp. (Extinct and near extinct species.)
Busch, R.H.
The Grizzly Almanac. The Lyons Press, New York. 229 pp. 2000 (Includes bear biology, behavior, relationship to man, list of conservation organizations and a bibliography.)
Bush, M.
1986 The Cheetah in Genetic Peril. Scientific American, Vol. 254, No. 5, pp. 84-95.
Calambokidis, J. and G. Steiger
1997 Blue Whales. Voyageur Press, Stillwater, Minnesota. 72 pp. (Protection efforts.)
Carey, J.
1986 The Sea Otter's Uncertain Future. National Wildlife, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 16-21.
Caro, T.M.
1994 Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains: Sociality in an Asocial Species. University of Chicago Press.
Catton, C.
1990 Pandas. Facts on File Publications, New York. 152 pp. (How pandas were discovered, their habitat, behavior, efforts to restore population.)
Chadwick, D.H.
1992 The Fate of the Elephant. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 492 pp. (Emphasis on wildlife conservation.)
Chanin, P.
1985 The Natural History of Otters. Facts on File Publishing, New York, Oxford. 179 pp. (Chapter on interaction of otters and man.)
Ching, P.
1994 The Hawaiian Monk Seal. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 40 pp.
Chorn, J. and R.S. Hoffmann
l978 Ailuropoda melanoleuca. Mammalian Species, No. ll0, pp. l-6. (Technical review of the Giant Panda.)
Clapham, P.J., S.B. Young, and R.L. Brownell, Jr.
1999 Baleen Whales: Conservation Issues and the Status of the Most Endangered Populations. Mammalian Review, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 35-60.
Collins, L.R. and J.K. Page
l973 Ling-Ling and Hsing Hsing: the Year of the Panda. Anchor Press, New York. l64 pp.
De Boer, L.E.M. (Editor)
1982 The Orangutan, its Biology and Conservation. Dr. W. Junk Pub., The Hague (distr. by Kluwer, Boston). 353 pp. (May be difficult to obtain. Half the articles are technical, dealing with taxonomy, fossil history, genetics and chromosome variation; the other half examines maintenance, reproduction, behavior in captivity, mating, and conservation in the wild with a review of conservation programs in Borneo and Sumatra.)
Dietz, T.
1992 The Call of the Siren: Manatees and Dugongs. Fulcrum Publishing, Colorado. 196 pp.
DiSilvestro, R.I.
1991 The African Elephant. Twilight in Eden. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 206 pp. (History, natural history, and conservation.)
Dixon, A.F.
1981 The Natural History of the Gorilla. Columbia University Press, New York. 202 pp. (Reviews the biology and behavior of the gorilla; final chapter discusses conservation efforts and priorities.)
Domning, D. P.
1987 Sea Cow Family Reunion. Natural History, Vol. 96, No. 4, pp. 64-71.
Eaton, R.L.
l974 The Cheetah. The Biology, Ecology, and Behavior of an Endangered Species. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, London. l78 pp., photographs.
Edey, M. and J.D.
l968 The Cats of Africa. Time Life Books, New York. l92 pp., color photographs. (Accounts of Lions, Leopards, Cheetas, and the lesser cats.)
Ellis, R.
l980 The Book of Whales. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. 252 pp. (Anatomy, behavior and distribution of 33 species of large whales; Includes history of whaling and conservation efforts.)
Eltringham, S.K.
l979 The Ecology and Conservation of Large African Mammals. MacMillan Press Ltd., London. 286 pp. ( An extensive bibliography.)
1982 Elephants. Blandford Books Ltd. Poole, Dorset. 262 pp. (Biology and behavior of elephants with a chapter on conservation.)
Fa, J.E.
1984 The Barbary Macaque. A case study in Conservation. Plenum Press, New York. 369 pp. (From an International Conference of the Conservation of the Barbary Macaque [1982: Gibralter])
Fenton, M. B.
1992 Bats. Facts on File, New York. 207 pp. (bat ecology, behavior, conservation)
Fergus, C.
1991 The Florida Panther Verges on Extinction. Science, Vol. 251, No. 4998, pp. 1178-1180.
Fossey, D.
1983 Gorillas in the Mist. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 326 pp. (Mainly the behavioral biology of the mountain gorilla. Factors contributing to the decline in population are identified, but not analyzed.)
Galdikas, B.M.F.
1995 Reflections of Eden: My Years with the Orangutans of Borneo. Little, Brown, Boston. 408 pp. (Behavior and research.)
Gentry, R.L.
1987 Seals and Their Kin. National Geographic, Vol. 171,No. 4, pp. 474-501.
Ginsberg, J. and D. MacDonald
1990 Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. An Action Plan for the Conservation of Canids. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland. 116 pp.
Gipps, J.H. W. (editor)
1991 Beyond Captive Breeding. Re-introducing Endangered Mammals to the Wild. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London No. 62. Clarendon Press, London. 304 pp.
Goodwin, H.A. and J.M. Goodwin
l973 List of Mammals Which Have Become Extinct or Are Possibly Extinct Since l600. IUCN Occasional Paper No. 8, pp. l-20, Morges, Switzerland.
Gould, E. and G. McKay (Editors)
1998 Encyclopedia of Mammals 2nd edition. Academic Press, San Diego, California. 240 pp. (Chapter on endangered species)
Guggisberg, C.A.W.
l975 Wildcats of the World. Taplinger Pub. Co., New York. 382 pp.
Gurung, K.K. and R. Singh
1996 Field Guide to the Mammals of the Indian Subcontinent. Academic Press, Harcourt Brace and Co., San Diego. 139 pp. (Status of each species given.)
Haley, D.
l980 The Great Northern Sea Cow. Oceans, Vol. l3, No. 5, September-October l980, pp. 7-ll. (Steller's sea cow- its evolution and extinction.)
Hall-Martin, A. and P. Bosman
1998 Cats of Africa. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 152 pp. (Biology, natural history and ways to protect these mammals. Text enhanced by beautiful drawings and paintings.)
Hansen, K.
1992 Cougar - The American Lion. In association with The Mountain Lion Foundation. Available from Northland Publishing, P.O. Box 1389, Flagstaff, Arizona. 129 pp. (History, natural history, attitudes of humans, conservation.)
Harper, F.
l945 Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Old World. American Committee on International Wildlife Protection, Washington, DC  850 pp. (See reference to Allen above.)
Harrison, R. and M.M. Bryden (Editors)
1988 Whales Dolphins and Porpoises. Facts on File Publications, New York. 240 pp. (Useful compendium; includes distribution, and interaction of whales and men)
Heinsohn, G.
1986 Rare and Endangered: World's Only Strictly Marine Sea Cow Threatened. Australian Natural History, Vol. 21, No. 12, pp. 530-531. (Dugong)
Heltne, P.G.
1985 The Lion-Tailed Macaque. Status and Conservation. Monographs in Primatology, Vol. 7. From a Symposium, Baltimore. Ed Liss, New York. 411 pp.
Heltne, P.G., and L.A. Marquardt (Editors)
1989 Understanding Chimpanzees. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. 354 pp. (Mainly behavior.)
Hill, J.E. and J. D. Smith
1984 Bats. A Natural History. University of Texas Press, Austin. 243 pp. (Sections on man and bats: protection and conservation.)
International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
l978 Threatened Deer. IUCN, Morges, Switzerland. 434 pp.(Contributions by l8 experts in deer management; reviews the IUCN Deer Program, the status of l0 deer species, and restoration and management programs.)
l980 The Javan Tiger and the Meru-Betiri Reserve: A Plan for Management: A World Wildlife Fund Report. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. l67 pp.
1992 Old World Fruit Bats. An Action Plan for their Conservation. (Compiled by S.P. Mickleburgh, A..M. Hutson and P.A. Racey.) IUCN/SSC Chiroptera Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland Switzerland. 252 pp. 
1994 The Red Panda, Olingos, Coatis, Raccoons, and their Relatives. (In English and Spanish compiled by Angela R. Glatston). IUCN/SSC Mustelid, Viverrid, and Procyonid Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 103 pp.
Jackson, R. and D. Hillard
1986 Tracking the Elusive Snow Leopard. National Geographic, Vol. 169, No. 6, pp. 792-809.
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwoood, and M.A. Webber
1994 FAO Species Identification Guide. Marine Mammals of the World. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome. 320 pp. (Includes distribution, exploitation and status.)
Jing, Z. and L. Yangwen
l980 The Giant Panda. Science Press, Beijing, China. Distributed by Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. l7l pp.
Kaiya, Z. and Z. Xingduan
1990 Baiji: The Yangtze River Dolphin and Other Endangered Animals of China. Stone Wall Press, Inc., Washington, DC 132 pp. (Informative summary of research by Chinese scientists on rare freshwater dolphin.)
King, J.E.
1983 Seals of the World. Second edition. British Museum (Natural History) Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, New York, 240 pp.
Kingdon, J.
1997 The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, San Diego, 464 pp.(Status for each species listed.)
Kitchener, A.
1991 The Natural History of the Wild Cats. Comstock Publishers Associates, Ithaca, New York. 280 pp.
Klinowska, M. (compiler)
1991 Dolphins, Porpoises and Whales of the World. The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. 429 pp.
Kleiman, D.
1992 Bamboo Bears. Zoogoer, Vol. 2, No. 12, pp. 6-12. (Giant Pandas)
Kruuk, H.
l972 The Spotted Hyaena. University of Chicago Press, Illinois. 335 pp., tables, illus. (Technical treatment.)
Kunz, T.H. and P.A. Racey (Editors)
1998 Bat Biology and Conservation. Smithsonian Institutiion Press, Washington, DC. 576 pp. (Advances in bat conservation)
Leatherwood, S. and R.R. Reeves
1983 The Sierra Club Handbook of Whales and Dolphins. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 302 pp. (Paintings by Larry Foster. Description of all known species with global distribution and current status of endangerment.)
Le Boeuf, B., K. Kenyon, and B. Villa-Ramirez
1986 The Caribbean Monk Seal is Extinct. Marine Mammal Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 70-72.
Lee, P.C., J. Thornback, and E.L. Bennett
1988 Threatened Primates of Africa: The IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, England. 176 pp.(Encyclopedic review on status of and problems facing all non-human primates in Africa.)
Line, L. and E. Ricciuti
1985 The Audubon Society Book of Wild Cats. Abrams Books, New York. 256 pp. (Mainly beautiful, large, color photographs.)
Lumpkin, S. and J. Seidensticker
2002 Smithsonian Book of Giant Pandas. Foreword by Lucy J. Spelman. (Working with pandas at the National Zoological Park and in China in attempts to conserve them.) 206 pp.
Loginov, I. and Loginov, O.
1995 Elusive and Endangered: the Snow Leopard. Russian Conservation News, No. 4, pp. 19-21.
MacDonald, D. (Editor)
2001 The Encyclopedia of Mammals. 2nd edition. Barnes and Noble Books with Andromeda Oxford Ltd. New York and UK.(Excellent summary; each account has a section on conservation and status.)
MacDonald, D. and P. Barrett
1995 Collins European Mammals: Evolution and Behaviour. HarperCollins, London. 352 pp. (Companion volume to Collins Field Guide to Mammals of Britain and Europe. Species accounts give information on rarity, population numbers and status)
MacPhee, R.D.E. and C. Flemming
1999 Requiem Aeternam. The Last Five Hundred Years of Mammalian Species Extinctions, Chapter 13, pp. 333-371. In MacPhee, editor, Extinctions in Near Time Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.
Macguire, L.A., et al.
1988 Black-footed Ferret Recovery in Montana: A Decision Analysis. Wildlife Society Bulletin 16, pp. 139-148.
Mallinson, J.
l978 The Shadow of Extinction. Europe's Threatened Wild Mammals. Macmillan London Ltd., London and Basingstoke. 274 pp. (23 species accounts; biology, evaluation of present populations, and distribution.)
Maple, T.L.
1980 Orang-utan Behavior. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York. 268 pp. (Mainly orang-utan behavior with final chapters on captive breeding and review of conservation programs.)
Marsh, C.W., and R.A. Mittermeier (Editors)
1987 Primate Conservation in the Tropical Rain Forest. Monographs in Primatology, Vol. 9. Alan R. Liss, New York. 365 pp.
Marsh, H., and L.W. Lefebvre
1994 Sirenian Status and Conservation Efforts. Aquatic Mammals, Vol. 20, 155-170 pp.
Martin R. and K Handasyde
1999 The Koala: Natural History, Conservation and Management. Krieger Publishing Co. 132 pp.
Mason, C.F., and S.M. Macdonald
1986 Otters. Ecology and Conservation. Cambridge University Press, London, New York. 236 pp. (Natural history and distribution of Lutra lutra; sections on the marine otter, Lutra felina, and conservation and captive breeding.)
Matthiessen, P.
2000 Tigers in the Snow. North Point Press, New York. 185 pp. (Endangered tigers in the Russian Far East)
Meacham, C.J.
1997 How the Tiger Lost Its Stripes: An Exploration into the Endangerment of a Species. Harcourt Brace, New York. 271 pp.
Mead, J.G. and J.P. Gold
2002 Whales and Dolphins in Question. The Smithsonian Answer Book. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC. 200 pp. (includes population numbers)
Mech, D.
l970 The Wolf: the Ecology and Behavior of an Endangered Species. Natural History Press for the American Museum of Natural History, Garden City, New York. 384 pp., black and white photographs.
1988 The Arctic Wolf: Living with the Pack. Voyageur Press, Minnesota. 128 pp. (Personalized account by a foremost authority of his field work on Ellesmere in the Canadian Arctic.)
1991 The Way of the Wolf. Voyageur Press, Minnesota. 128 pp. (Behavior)
Meese G.M.
1989 Intensified Efforts for Red Wolves are Paying off. Endangered Species UpDate, Vol. 6, No. 10, pp. 26-27. Available by subscription from the School of Natural Resources, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1115.
Miller, B., R.P. Reading, and S. Forrest
1996 Prairie Night. Black-Footed Ferrets and the Recovery of Endangered Species. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 254 pp. (Biology and natural history with a record of the decisions, programs, and suggestions for conserving the prairie dog ecosystem.)
Milliken, T., K. Nowell, and J.B. Thomsen
1993 The Decline of the Black Rhino in Zimbabwe: Implications for Future Rhino Conservation. Traffic International, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 76 pp. (Population trends, poaching crisis, conservation strategies.)
Mitchell-Jones, A.J. et al
1999 The Atlas of European Mammals. Academic Press, San Diego, California. 484 pp.(Population status, international legal and conservation status included.)
Mittermeier, R.A.
1987 Brazil's Monkeys in Peril. National Geographic, Vol. 171, No. 3, pp. 386-395. (Efforts to rescue Brazil's Muriqui)
Mittermeier, R.A., et al (compilers)
1992 Lemurs of Madagascar: an action plan for their conservation 1993-1999. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland. 58 pp.
Mountfort, G.
l98l Saving the Tiger. Viking Press, New York. l20 pp.(Account of international efforts to save the tiger. Presents the life history and historical background that resulted in the species being placed on the endangered species list.)
Murie, A.
1981 The Grizzlies of Mount McKinley. Scientific Monograph Series No. 14, U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Washington, DC 251 pp. (Edited by J.O. Murie after the death of his father in 1974. An account of the behavior and ecology of grizzly bears in Mount McKinley Park.)
1985 The Wolves of Mount McKinley. Reprint of 1946 issue by University of Washington Press, Seattle. 238 pp.
Nickerson, R.
1989 Sea Otters. A Natural History and Guide. Chronicle Books, San Francisco. 96 pp.
Norchi, D. and D. Bolze
1995 Saving the Tiger: A Conservation Strategy. WCS Policy Report Number 3. Wildlife Conservation Society, New York. 24 pp.
Nowak, R.M.
1999 Walker's Mammals of the World. 6th edition, 2 Vols. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore. (Brief description of the morphology, distribution, status, and natural history of each of the known genera.)
Nowell, K. and P. Jackson
1996 Wild Cats. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.
O'Brien, S.J., and E, Mayr
1991 Bureaucratic Mischief: Recognizing Endangered Species and Subspecies. Science, Vol. 251, No. 4998, pp. 1187-1188.
Orenstein, R. (Editor)
1997 Elephants: the Deciding Decade. 2nd edition revised. Firefly Books, Buffalo, New York. 160 pp.
O'Shea, T.J.
1994 Manatees. Scientific American, Vol. 271, No. 1, July 1994, pp. 66-72.
Peek, J., M.R. Pelton, H.D. Picton, J.W. Schoen, and P. Zager
1987 Grizzly Bear Conservation and Management: a Review. Wildlife Society Bulletin, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 160-169.
Penny, M.
1988 Rhinos Endangered Species. Facts on File, Inc. New York. 116 pp. (Contents include evolution of rhino, natural history of black rhino, white, one-horned rhino, javan, sumatran, field conservation in Africa and in Asia.)
Perrin, W.F., R.L. Brownell, Jr., Zhou Kaiya and Liu Jiankang (Editors)
1988 Biology and Conservation of the River Dolphins. IUCN Species Survival Commission Occasional Paper No. 3. From a workshop, Wuhan, China, Oct. 1986. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 173 pp. (Includes distribution, biology, population status and conservation of each of five species; about 24 papers.)
Purcell, R.
1999 Swift as a Shadow. Extinct and Endangered Animals. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, New York. 159 pp.(Primarily photographs of mammals and birds)
Rabinowitz, A.
1996 Jaguar: One Man’s Struggle to Establish the World’s First Jaguar Preserve. Island Press, Washington. (In Belize)
Ranier III, His Serene Highness, Prince of Monaco and G.H. Bourne (Editors)
l977 Primate Conservation. Academic Press, New York. 658pp. (Presents a representative sampling of species and problems; subject and taxonomic index, original information on behavior, habitat requirements, and aspects of primate biology.)
Reeves, R.R., B.S. Stewart, and S. Leatherwood
1992 The Sierra Club Handbook of Seals and Sirenians. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 359 pp. (Species accounts include distribution, natural history, conservation status.)
Reeves, R.R., S. Leatherwood, and R.S. Lal Mohan
1993 A Future for Asian River Dolphins: Report from a seminar on the conservation of River dolphins in the Indian subcontinent. Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society, Bath, Avon, England. 39 pp.
Reeves, R.R., and S. Leatherwood (Compilers)
1994 Dolphins, Porpoises and Whales: 1994-1998 Action Plan for the Conservation of Cetaceans. Revised 2nd edition; 1989 by Perrin. IUCN/SSC Cetacean Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland. 91 pp.
Reynolds, J.E.III, and D.K Odell
1991 Manatees and Dugongs. Facts on File, Inc., New York. 192 pp.
Reynolds, J.E., III, and S.A. Rommel (Editors)
1999 Biology of Marine Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 578 pp.
Reynolds, J.E., R.S. Wells, and S.D. Eide.
2000 The Bottlenose Dolphin: Biology and Conservation. University Press of Florida, Gainsville. 288 pp.
Riedman, M.L., and J.A. Estes
1990 The Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris): Behavior, Ecology, and Natural History. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Report, Vol. 90, No. 14, pp. 1-126. (Summary of current knowledge of sea otters.)
Ridgway, S.H. and R.J. Harrison (Editors)
1981- 1999  Handbook of Marine Mammals. Vol. l, The Walrus, Sea Lions, Fur Seals and Sea Otter, 235 pp.; Vol. 2, Seals, 359 pp.; Vol. 3, The Sirenians and Baleen Whales, 362 pp.; Vol. 4, River Dolphins and Larger Toothed Whales, 442 pp; Vol. 5, The First Book of Dolphins, 416 pp. Vol. 6, The Second Book of Dolphins and the Porpoises, 486 pp. Academic Press, London, New York and San Diego.
Rijksen, H.D.
1999 Our Vanishing Relative: the status of wild orang-utans at the close of the twentieth century. Tropenbos, Wageningen, Netherlands; Kluwar Academic Publishers, Boston. 480 pp.
Ross, M.
1989 Red Wolf Recovery Continues to Gather Steam. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin, Vol. 14, Nos. 11-12, p. 3.
Savage, C.
1993 Wild Cats: Lynx, Bobcats, Mountain Lions. Sierra Club Books. San Francisco. 136 pp.
Schaller, G.B.
l967 The Deer and the Tiger: A Study of Wildlife in India. University of Chicago Press, Illinois. 370 pp., illus., maps.
l98l Pandas in the Wild. National Geographic, Vol. l60, No. 6, December l98l, pp. 734-749.
1986 Secrets Of the Wild Panda. National Geographic, Vol. 169, No. 3, pp. 284-310.
l988 The Year of the Gorilla. (Reissue of 1964 edition. New forward by author and conservation update). University of Chicago Press, Illinois. 304 pp., illus.
l989 The Mountain Gorilla: Ecology and Behavior. (Reprint of 1976 edition). University of Chicago Press, Illinois. 429 pp.
1993 The Last Panda. University of Chicago Press, Illinois. 291 pp. (Schaller's research in China and conservation efforts to save the pandas.)
Schaller, G.B., H. Jinchu, P. Wenshi, and Z. Jing
1985 The Giant Pandas of Wolong. University of Chicago Press, Illinois. 298 pp. (All aspects of panda biology as revealed by cooperative field studies conducted by Chinese and Western biologists. The conclusion deals with conservation and the impact of man on the panda's habitat.)
Schreiber, A., R. Wirth, M. Riffel, and H. Van Rompaey
1989 Weasels, Civets, Mongooses and Their Relatives: An Action Plan for the Conservation of Mustelids and Viverrids. IUCN, Cambridge, England 99 pp.
Seidensticker, J. and S. Lumpkin (editors)
1990 Asian Elephants. Reprint of three reports published in 1972, 1973, and 1984. National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution. (Asian elephant natural history and conservation. Primary sources of data and ideas.)
1991 Great Cats. Rodale Press, Emmaus, Pennsylvania. 240 pp.
Seidensticker, J., S. Christie, and P. Jackson (Editors)
1999 Riding the Tiger. Tiger conservation in human-dominated landscapes. Cambridge University Press, UK. 383 pp. (Technical; poaching, habitat protection, illegal trade.)
Servheen, C., S. Herrero, and B. Peyton (Compilers)
1999 Bears: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Bear Specialist Group, IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 309 pp.
Shepherdson, D.J., J.D. Mellen, and M. Hutchins
1999 Second Nature. Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals. Paperback. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 350 pp. (Captive care, maintenance, ethics of animals in artificial environments.)
Sheldon, W.G.
l975 The Wilderness Home of the Giant Panda. Massachusetts Press, Amherst. l96 pp., black and white photographs. (Narrative describing the Giant Panda's range, behavior, and status.)
Sikes, S.
l97l The Natural History of the African Elephant. American Elsevier Publishing Co. Inc., New York. 397 pp., photographs. (A technical account but highly readable by high school students and adults; several sections devoted to the Asian Elephant.)
Stirling, I.
1993 Bears: Majestic Creatures of the World. Rodale Press, Emmaus, Pennsylvania. 240 pp.
Strahan, R. (Editor)
1995 Mammals of Australia.  Smithsonian Press, Washington, DC. 756 pp. (Comprehensive survey: describes every species known from Australia with color illustrations, conservation status, and distribution maps)
Strier, K.B.
1992 Faces in the Forest. The Endangered Muriqui Monkeys of Brazil. Oxford University Press, New York. 138 pp. (Ecology and behavioral studies of the South American monkeys known as the woolly spider monkeys.)
Struhsacker, T.T.
l975 The Red Colobus Monkey. University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London. 3ll pp.
Sukumar, R.
1989 The Asian Elephant: Ecology and Management. Cambridge University Press, New York. 251 pp. (Detailed analysis of human-elephant conflicts with suggestions for conservation and management; comparison with African elephant.)
Susman, R. L. (Editor)
1984 The Pygmy Chimpanzee. Plenum Press, New York. 435 pp.
Tattersal, I. and R. Sussman (Editors)
l975 Lemur Biology. Plenum Press, New York and London. 365 pp. (Behavior, ecology, and conservation.)
Thapar, V.
1986 Tiger. Portrait of a Predator. Facts on File Publications, New York. 200 pp. (Describes Project Tiger, an experiment in wildlife conservation in India in 1973. Focuses on Ranthambhore, a successful tiger reserve.)
Tilt, W.
1986 Grizzly Bear Recovery: A Search for Balance. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin Reprint, Vol.3, No. 3, January 1986, 1-6 pp. (Available from School of Natural Resources, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1115.)
Tuttle, M. D.
1984 Harmless, Highly Beneficial, Bats Still Get Bum Rap. Smithsonian, Vol. 14, No. 10, January 1984, pp.74-81.
1988 America's Neighborhood Bats. University of Texas Press, Austin. 96 pp. (Wealth of information on biology, behavior, and conservation needs of bats.)
Twiss, J.R. Jr. And R.R. Reeves (Editors)
1999 Conservation and Management of Marine Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 496 pp. (Biologists and conservationists review history, current status, & marine mammal legislation, strandings, die-offs and captives.)
U.S. Department of Commerce
Most Recent Marine Mammal Protection Act of l972 Annual Report. National Marine Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, DC 20235. (Comprehensive report every 3 years, with annual updates; reports current status of all pinnipeds (except walruses) and cetaceans. Describes research activities; includes bibliographies for each species.)
U.S. Department of the Interior
1994 Endangered Species. Red Wolf Canis rufus. Biologue Series. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC 2 pp.
Wang Sung, Chief Compiler
1998 China Red Data Book of Endangered animals. Mammalia. Pei-ching, New York.
Weinberg, D.
1986 Decline and Fall of the Black-footed Ferret. Natural History, Vol. 95, No. 2, pp. 62-69.
Wenshi, P.
1995 New Hope for China's Giant Pandas. National Geographic, Vol. 187, No. 2, February, pp. 100-115.
Wille, C.
1995 Saving the Sea Cow. Nature Conservancy, Vol. 45, No. 5, pp. 16-23.
Wilson, D.E. and D.M. Reeder (Editors)
1993 Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Second Edition. Smithsonian Institution Press in association with American Society of Mammalogists, Washington and London. 1,312 pp.
Wilson, D.E., F.R.Cole, F.D. Nichols, R.Rudran, and M.S.Foster(editors)
1996 Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity Standard Methods for Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Comprehensive manual detailing field techniques and guidelines for study, translating field data, etc., technical)
Wilson, D.E. and S. Ruff (Editors)
1999 The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 816 pp.
Wolfheim, J.H.
1983 Primates of the World: Distribution, Abundance, and Conservation. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 831 pp., ill., maps. (Extensive bibliography)
Wolkomir, R.
1995 The Fragile Recovery of California Sea otters. National Geographic, Vol. 187, No. 6, pp. 42-61.
Young, S.P.

l946 The Puma, Mysterious American Cat. Part l: History, Life Habits, Economic Status and Control. American Wildlife Institute, Washington, D.C. l964 reprint by Dover Pub., New York. 358 pp., illus., maps.(Conservation viewpoint out-of-date, but natural history is still good.)

l958 The Bobcat of North America. l978 reprint by University of Nebraska Press for the Wildlife Management Institute, Lincoln. l93 pp., illus.

rev. 2002

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