Lesser Green Broadbill - Calyptomena Viridis
Range: Malaya, Sumatra
Museum of Natural History receives numerous requests for information
on birds. This site provides a sampling of the bird book literature:
field guides, encyclopedias, species accounts, check-lists, monographs,
texts on biology and behavior, and references on birds threatened
The titles listed below are not available from the Smithsonian
Institution except for those published by the Smithsonian Institution
Press. They can be obtained from most large public libraries, the
science section of a university library, or can be requested through
an interlibrary loan. Many are currently in print and can be ordered
from local bookstores.
Scientists and graduate students interested in ornithological research
may wish to contact the Division
of Birds at the National Museum of Natural History.
--- IDENTIFICATION --- BIRD SONGS --- SPECIFIC GROUPS
--- BIOLOGY and BEHAVIOR --- EVOLUTION
--- BIRDS and MAN --- CONSERVATION
--- BIRD CLUBS
SOCIETIES, and CLUBS
Union and Academy of Natural Sciences, Alan Poole, Managing Editor
1992 The Birds of North
America. Issued as separate species accounts, published bimonthly;
32 in first volume of a projected 18 vol. series. (Most thorough up
to date information on species; includes distinguishing characteristics,
habitat, behavior, migration, distribution, breeding, food habits,
sounds and vocalizations, conservation and management. Subscriptions
and information from BNA, c/o The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia,
1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103-1195.) or
Austin, O.L., Jr.
1983 Birds of the World.
Golden Press, New York. Reprint, 1961 edition. (A survey of the natural
history and distribution of the 7 living orders and 155 families.
Fine illustrations in color by A. Singer.)
1985 Families of Birds.
New revised edition. Golden Press, New York. (A compact guide
to bird classification. It presents thumbnail sketches of 208
families. The emphasis is on groups of animals instead of the
basic unit, the species. Illustrated in color by A. Singer.)
Brooke, M., and T. Birkhead
1991 The Cambridge Encyclopedia
of Ornithology. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, New York.
Campbell, B., and E. Lack
1985 A Dictionary of
Birds. Harrell Books, Vermillion, South Dakota. (Arranged
alphabetically, it includes both general subjects and articles on
various species organized by family.)
Del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott,
J. Sargatal et al (Editors)
1992 to 1996 Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 1.
Ostrich to Ducks. Vol. 2, New World Vultures to Guineafowl. 1994.
Vol. 3, Hoatzin to Auks. 1996. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (Excellent
compendium: A general account of families plus thorough species accounts
including status and conservation with paintings for most of the birds
covered. Vol. 4 on Sandgrouse to Cuckoos, scheduled late 1997.)
1974 The Life of Birds.
Columbia University Press, New York. 2 volumes.(An ecological
study of the life of birds. Vol. 1 is primarily concerned with
the bird as a flying mechanism. Also includes a chapter on nest parasitism.
In Vol. 2, the author studies the adjustments necessary to different
environments. Excellent photographs and diagrams.)
Ehrlich, P., D. Dobkin, and
1988 The Birder's Handbook.
A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. Simon
and Schuster Inc., New York. (Condensed information on the habitat
and life history for each North American species with essays on aspects
of bird biology.)
2nd edition. W.H. Freeman, New York. (6 sections covering evolution,
anatomy, behavior, ecology, reproduction and population biology. Includes
current questions and research issues.)
Page, J., and E.S. Morton
1989 Lords of the Air.
1995 reprint edition. The Smithsonian Book of Birds. Smithsonian Books,
Washington, DC. (Topics include flight, food, migration, communication,
1980 Watching Birds.
Reprint of 1977 edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.(A popular and
lively introduction to ornithology. Chapters deal with evolution,
how and why birds are studied, feathers and flight, anatomy, distribution,
feeding, breeding, migration, attracting and caring for birds; black
and white illustrations. Also available in paperback.)
Perrins, C.M. (Editor)
1990 The Illustrated
Encyclopedia of Birds: The Definitive Reference to Birds of the
World. Prentice Hall Press, New York. 420 pp.
Perrins, C.M., and A.L.A.
1985 The Encyclopaedia
of Birds. George Allen & Unwin/Facts on File, New York.
(Contributions by 90 specialists covering anatomical, physiological,
behavioral, and ecological adaptations of a single family or group
of closely related families. The text is divided into three section:
Ostriches to Buttonquails, Plovers to Woodpeckers, and Passerines.
Distribution maps and condensed information panels featuring highlights
of habitat, plumage, voice, nest, eggs, and diet precede the text
on each family.)
Pettingill, O. S. Jr.
1985 Ornithology in
Laboratory and Field. 5th ed. Academic Press, Orlando, Florida.
(A manual. Chapters include subjects such as topography, flight, feathers,
anatomy, taxonomy, distribution, field identification, behavior, migration,
song, mating, etc.)
Proctor, N.S., and P.J. Lynch
1993 Manual of Ornithology:
Avian Structure & Function. Yale University Press, New Haven.
(Excellent anatomy text. Chapters on systematics, topography, feathers,
skeleton, musculature, and digestive, circulatory, respiratory, urogenital,
and nervous systems; field techniques.)
Sibley, C.G., and B.L. Monroe
1990 Distribution and
Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven
& London. 1111 pp. (Authoritative and comprehensive descriptions.)
1993 A Supplement to
Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University
Press. 108 pp (Changes and corrections to original text.)
Terres, J. K.
1996 The Audubon Society
Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Reprint of 1980 edition.
Wings Books, New York. (A compendium on North American birds; family
and species accounts as well as sections on anatomy, flight, migration,
breeding, evolution, and other ornithological subjects, arranged alphabetically
with cross referencing and an extensive bibliography.)
Thomson, A.L. (Editor)
1964 A New Dictionary
of Birds. McGraw-Hill, New York. (An encyclopedic reference, well
illustrated. May only be found in libraries; updated by Campbell and
Van Tyne, J., and A.J. Berger
1976 Fundamentals of
Ornithology. 2nd edition. Wiley, New York. (Technical; intended
as a college text. Discusses distribution, migration, special senses,
feeding, behavioral patterns, breeding and other topics. Extensive
synopsis of world families and glossary of technical terms. Contains
over 500 photographs and drawings. The 1971 Dover reprint of the 1959
first edition provides the original reference citations.)
Welty, J.C., and L.F. Baptista
1988 The Life of Birds.
4th edition. W.B. Saunders Co., College Park, N.Y. (An introductory
college text, considered by some ornithologists to contain the best
and broadest coverage of bird biology.)
WORKS and WORLD CHECKLISTS
Ali, S. and S.D. Ripley
1969 to 1987 Handbook
of the Birds of India: together with those of Bangladesh, Nepal,
Bhutan and Sri Lanka. Vol. l, Divers to Hawks, 2nd ed., 1979; Vol.2,
Megapodes to Crab Plover, 2nd ed., 1981; Vol. 3, Stone Curlews to
Owls, 2nd ed, 1982.; Vol. 4, Frogmouths to Pittas; Vol. 5, 1984 Larks
to the Grey Hypocolius, 2nd ed., 1987; Vol. 6, Cuckoo- Shrikes to
Babaxes; Vol. 7, Laughing Thrushes to Mangrove Whistler; Vol. 8, Warblers
to Redstarts; Vol. 9, Robins to Wagtails. Oxford University
Press, New York, London.
1983 Check-list of North
American Birds. 7th edition anticipated early 1998. American Ornithologists'
Union, Washington, DC. (Reprinted with minor corrections in 1961 and
1975. The "official" source for the nomenclature and distribution
of all North American birds; gives scientific names for all species
and subspecies, and common names for species. The 1998 7th edition
covers the United States and Hawaii, Canada, Bermuda, the West Indies
and Middle America, Mexico through Panama; deals with the species
Beehler, B.M., T.K. Pratt,
and D.A. Zimmerman
1986 Birds of New Guinea.
Princeton University Press, New Jersey. (An excellent handbook
and field guide and only available treatment of New Guinea birds.)
1981 Hawaiian Birdlife.
2nd ed. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu.(Chapters on the natural
history of indigenous, endemic, introduced, and migratory species.)
Brown, L., E.K. Urban, and
K. Newman (Editors)
1982 The Birds of Africa.
6 Vols. anticipated. Academic Press, New York. (Comprehensive account.
Vol 1: covers orders Struthioniformes, Procellariiformes, Sphenisciformes,
Gaviiformes, Podicipediformes, Pelecaniformes, Ciconiiformes, Phoenicopteriformes,
Anseriiformes, Falconiformes; Vol. 2: Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry and S.
Keith [Editors], 1986, covers the Galliformes, Gruiformes, Charadriformes,
Pterocliformes, and Columbiformes with detailed species accounts;
Vol. 3: Fry, C.H., S. Keith, and E.K. Urban (Editors), 1988, covers
the Psittaciformes, Musophagiformes, Cuculiformes, Strigiformes, Caprimulgiformes,
Apodiformes, Coliiformes, Coraciiformes, and Piciformes; Vol 4: Keith,
S., E.K. Urban and C.H. Fry (Editors), 1992, covers the Passeriformes:
Eurylaimaidae (Woodbills) to Turdidae (Thrushes); Vol. 5: Urban, E.K.,
C.H. Fry, and S. Keith (Editors), 1997, covers Passeriformes: Turdidae,
Sylvidae, Muscicapidae, Monarchidae, and Platysteiridae.)
Burg, C.G., B.M. Beehler
and S.D. Ripley
1994 Ornithology of
the Indian Subcontinent 1872-1992: an Annotated Bibliography.
National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington,
DC. 330 pp. Available only through the Smithsonian Institution, National
Museum of Natural History, Division of Birds, MRC 119, Washington,
1991 Birds of the World,
A Check List. 4th ed. Facts on File, New York. (Latest edition
has space to record sighting information for a life list.)
Cramp, S. and Perrins et
1977 to 1994 Handbook
of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa:
the Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. l: Ostriches to Ducks; Vol.
II: Hawks to Bustards; Vol. III: Waders to Gulls; Vol. IV: Terns to
Woodpeckers; Vol. V: Tyron Flycatchers to Thrushes; Vol. VI: Warblers;
Vol. VII: Flycatchers to Shrikes; Vol. VIII: Crows to Finches; Vol.
IX: Buntings and New World Warblers. Oxford University Press, New
York. (Comprehensive accounts.)
1994 Warblers of the
Americas: An Identification Guide. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
Fjeldsa, J., and N. Krabbe
1990 Birds of the High
Andes. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Svendborg,
Denmark, and Apollo Books.
Frith, H.J. (Editor)
1987 Reader's Digest
Complete Book of Australian Birds. 2nd revision of 1977 edition.
Reader's Digest Services, Sydney.
1986 The Birds of Canada.
Revised edition. National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museum
of Canada, Ottawa.
Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown
1986 A Guide to the
Birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
(An excellent handbook and field guide for northern South America.)
Howard, R., and A. Moore
1991 A Complete Checklist
of the Birds of the World. 2nd edition. Academic Press, New York.
Howell, S.N.G., and S. Webb
1995 A Guide to the
Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University
Press, Oxford and New York.
Jonsson, L. B.
1993 Birds of Europe
with North Africa and the Middle East. Princeton University Press,
Princeton, New Jersey. (A field identification guidebook.)
Lekagul, B., and P.D. Rouid
1991 A Guide to the
Birds of Thailand. Darnsutha Press, Thailand. (The best currently
available field guide for any Asian country.)
1984 Robert's Birds
of Southern Africa. 5th ed. John Voelcher Bird Book Fund, Cape
Town, S. Africa. (An excellent handbook for the region.)
Meyer de Schauensee, R. (frequently
cited as de Schauensee)
1970 A Guide to the
Birds of South America. Livingston Publishing Co., Narberth, Pennsylvania.
(Describes all the species of birds found in South America [nearly
3000], with their distribution; one example of each genus is illustrated.
Illustrations are in color and black and white. Reprint by the
Pan American Section, ICBP with new addenda by Meyer de Schauensee
and A.L. Mach.)
1984 The Birds of China.
Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (A compendium of all
birds found in China. It includes the history of ornithology in China,
species accounts, and brief family descriptions, black and white drawings
and 38 color plates.)
Meyer de Schauensee, R.,
and W.H. Phelps, Jr.
1978 A Guide to the
Birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
Monroe, B.L., and C.G. Sibley
1993 World Checklist
of Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.
Palmer, R.S. (Editor)
1962 to 1988 Handbook
of North American Birds. 3 volumes. Vol. 1, Loons through Flamingos;
Vol. 2, Whistling Ducks, Swans, Geese, Sheld-Ducks, Dabbling Ducks;
Vol. 3, Eiders, Wood Ducks, Diving Ducks, Mergansers, Stifftails;
Vol. 4, New World Condors and vultures; first part of the Accipitridae;
Vol. 5, Accipitridae concluded and the Falconidae.(Color plates, range
maps and other illustrations.) Yale University Press, sponsored by
the American Ornithological Union, New Haven, Connecticut.
1931 to 1987 Check-List
of Birds of the World. 1979 2nd edition edited by Ernst Mayr
and G. William Cottrell. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge,
Massachusetts. (For professional use; provides original reference,
synonymies, distribution, and races.)
1991 A Field Guide to
the Birds of Australia. Revised 1980 edition. Princeton University
Press, New Jersey
Reader's Digest Services
Pty Ltd. (Editors)
1985 Reader's Digest
Complete Book of New Zealand Birds. Reader's Digest Services
Pty Ltd., Sydney. (Part I deals with general subjects, Part
II with birds of New Zealand.)
Ridgely, R.S., and G. Tudor
1989 Birds of South
America. 4 vols. anticipated. Vol. I: The Oscine Passerines, Vol.
2: The Suboscine Passerines, 1994. University of Texas Press, Austin.
1991 The Birds of Pakistan
(in 2 vols.) Vol. 1: Regional Studies and Non-Passeriformes, Vol.
2: Passeriformes, Pittas to Buntings. (Includes migration, species
accounts). Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.
1966 The Birds of Israel:
a Complete Avifauna and Bird Atlas of Israel. Academic Press,
London, San Diego.
Stevenson, H.M., and B.K.
1994 The Birdlife of
Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
Vinly, C., K. Phillipps,
1994 Birds of Hong Kong
and South China. Translated and completely revised 6th edition.
Available from Government Publication Centre, General Post Office
Bldg. Connaught Place Central, Hong Kong.
1980 The Complete Birds
of the World. David & Charles, Vermont. Complete Birds of
the World, Illustrated Edition is also available by TFH Publications,
Neptune, New Jersey. (Provides both common and scientific name for
every bird; notes on distribution and habitat.)
White, C.M.N., and M.D. Bruce
1986 Birds of Wallacea.
(Sulawesi, the Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia)
B.O.U. Checklist No. 7. British Ornithologists' Union, London.
(Covers area between Beehler's New Guinea and King and Dickinson's
Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia.)
Field Guides and Bird Finding
Alden, P., and J. Gooders
1981 Finding Birds Around
the World. Houghton Mifflin & Co., Boston. (Lists birding
sites in many countries; includes check lists, maps, species lists
for certain areas; suggests hotels, transportation.)
Baicich, P.J., and C.J. O.
1997 A Guide to the
Nests, Eggs, and Nestlings of North American Birds. Academic Press,
Beehler, B.M., T.K. Pratt,
and D.A. Zimmerman
1986 Birds of New Guinea.
(See Regional Works)
1993 Peterson Field
Guide to Birds of the West Indies. 5th edition. Houghton
Mifflin, Boston. (A field guide.)
1991 Birds of Japan.
Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Birdwatching in Japan)
Bruun, B. and A. Singer
1971 Birds of Europe.
McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
Bull, J., and J. Farrand,
1996 National Audubon
Society Field Guide to North American Birds. Eastern Region. 2nd
revised edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. (584 color photographs.)
Castro, I.C., and A. Phi
1996 A Guide to the
Birds of the Galapagos Islands. Princeton University Press, New
Clark, W., and B.K. Wheeler
1987 A Field Guide to
Hawks, North America. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
Dunning, J.S., and R.S. Ridgely
1987 South American
Birds - a Photographic Aid to Identification. Expanded and improved
version of 1982 Land Birds of South America. Harrowood Books, Newtown
Falla, R.A., R.B. Sibson,
and E.G. Turbott
1979 The New Guide to
the Birds of New Zealand and Outlying Islands. Revised extended
edition. Collins, Auckland, London.
Farrand, J. Jr. (Editor)
1983 The Audubon Society
Master Guide to Birding. Vol. 1, Loons to Sandpipers; Vol. 2,
Gulls to Dippers; Vol. 3, Old World Warblers to Sparrows. Alfred
A. Knopf, New York.
1991 A Guide to the
Birds of Trinidad & Tobago. 2nd ed. Reprint 1995. Cornell
University Press, Ithaca, New York.
Flint, V.E., R.L. Boehme,
Y.V. Kostin, and A.A.Kuznetsov
1989 Birds of the USSR.
Including Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Reprint of 1984 ed.
Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
1988 A Field Guide to
the Nests, Eggs, and Nestlings of North America. Peterson
Field Guide Series. Collins, London, Cleveland, New York.
1975 A Field Guide to
Birds' Nests. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Co.,
Boston. (Covers 285 species found breeding in the U.S. east
of the Mississippi River. 222 species are illustrated, with
black and white line drawings of the birds accompanied by a color
photograph of the nest with eggs.)
1979 A Field Guide to
Western Birds' Nests. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin,
Boston. (520 species breeding in the U.S. west of the Mississippi
1985 Seabirds, an Identification
Guide. Revised 1983 edition. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. (Excellent
1987 Seabirds of the
World. A Photographic Guide. Reprint 1996. Princeton University
Press, New Jersey.
Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown
1986 A Guide to the
Birds of Colombia. ( See Regional Works and World Checklists)
Hollom, P.A.D., R.F. Porter,
S. Christensen, and I. Willis
1988 Birds of the Middle
East and North Africa. A Companion Guide. Buteo Books, Vermillion,
Inskipp, C. and T.
1991 A Guide to the
Birds of Nepal. 2nd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington,
1993 Birds of Europe
with North Africa and the Middle East (See Regional)
Keith, S., and J. Gooders
1980 Collins Bird Guide:
A Photographic Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe.
King, B.F., and E.C. Dickinson
1993 The Collins Field
Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. Reprint of 1975 issue titled,
A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. A comprehensive
guide to the birds of Burma, Malaya, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam,
Laos, Hong Kong. Harper Collins, Hong Kong. (The only guide to most
of these countries.)
1981 The Audubon Society
Handbook for Birders. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. (A useful
guide for bird watching techniques; includes books for the bird watcher,
regional and world checklists.)
MacKinnon, J., and K. Phillipps
1993 A Field Guide to
the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford University
Press, Oxford. 491 pp.
McElroy, T.P., Jr.
1974 The Habitat Guide
to Birding. Knopf, New York. (A guide, written in non-technical
language, which gives a list of the various birds found in diverse
habitats, such as hardwoods, evergreens, mudflats, marshes, ponds,
National Geographic Society
1987 Field Guide to
the Birds of North America. 2nd edition. National Geographic
Society, Washington, DC. (A new guide with broad geographic coverage;
2400 bird figures in color, maps.)
1990 A Field Guide to
Western Birds. 3rd ed. revised and enlarged. Houghton Mifflin
Co., Boston. (Black and white, color plates, illustrations.)
1980 A Field Guide to
the Birds of Eastern and Central North America. 4th edition
revised and enlarged. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.(Well illustrated
with 136 color plates and range maps; includes illustrations of accidentals
Peterson, R.T., and E.L.
1973 A Field Guide to
Mexican Birds. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. (Field marks
of all species found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize [British Honduras],
Peterson, R.T., G. Mountfort,
and P.A.D. Hollom
1983 A Field Guide to
the Birds of Britain and Europe. 4th ed. revised and enlarged.
Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.
1989 A Field Guide to
the Birds of Australia. reprint of 1983 edition. Collins Publishing,
Pratt, H.D., P.L. Bruner,
and D.G. Berrett
1987 The Birds of Hawaii
and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
1989 A Guide to the
Birds of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Revised 1983
edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
Ridgely, R.S., and J.A. Gwynne,
1989 A Guide to the
Birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. 2nd
edition. Princeton University Press, New Jersey. (Strengths are field
identification, current status and distribution.)
Robbins, C.S., B. Bruun,
and H.S. Zim
1983 Birds of North
America. A Golden Field Guide. Expanded revised version. Golden
Press, New York. (Illustrated by Arthur Singer; color plates and distribution
Serle, W., G.J. Morel, and
1988 The Collins Field
Guide: Birds of West Africa. Reprint of 1977 version. Harper
Collins, Hong Kong.
Simpson, K, N. Day, and P.
1996 The Princeton Field
Guide to the Birds of Australia. 5th edition. First published
as Birds of Australia, 1984. Princeton University Press, Princeton,
Sinclair, I., P. Hockey and
1993 Birds of Southern
Africa. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Stiles, F.G., and A.F. Skutch
1989 A Guide to the
Birds of Costa Rica. Reprint 1995. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
New York. (A general reference and field guide: describes 24 habitats,
gives species accounts and bird movements.)
1997 National Audubon
Society Field Guide to North American Birds. Western Region. Revised
1977 edition by John Farrand, Jr. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. (627
Vinly, C., K. Phillipps,
1994 Birds of Hong Kong
and South China. 6th edition, translated and completely revised
from 1977 edition. Government Publication Centre, General Post Office
Bldg. Connaught Place Central, Hong Kong.
Walton, R.K., and R.W. Lewson
1989 Birding by Ear-
A Guide to Bird-Song Identification. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.
Eastern and Central North America , 64 pp. plus Cassette. Western
North America, 64 pp. plus cassette.
1975 Birds of the Antarctic
and Sub-Antarctic. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.
(Provides identification information and illustrations to the birds
of the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic and synopses of their biology and
distribution. Extensive bibliography.)
1996 Where to Watch
Birds in Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Wild Bird Society of Japan
1982 A Field Guide to
the Birds of Japan. Wild Bird Society of Japan, Tokyo.
1992 Finding Birds in
the National Capital Area. A Smithsonian Nature Guide. Revised
edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Also includes
birds found on the Western Shore, Piedmont, Eastern Shore, Allegheny
plateau and south of the Chesapeake Bay.)
Williams, J.G., and N. Arlott
1995 The Collins Field
Guide Birds of East Africa. New revised edition. Expanded
from A Field Guide to the Birds of East and Central Africa,
1963. Harper Collins, Hong Kong. (665 species described and illustrated
- BIRD SONGS
There are numerous recordings,
cassettes, and CDs of bird songs. The best source of information on
current offerings is the Laboratory of Ornithology, Library of Natural
Sounds, 159 Sapsucker Woods, Ithaca, New York 14853. Write for a catalog
or call 606-254-2407. The following is just a small sampling.
1984 Songs of Eastern
Birds. Dover Pub., New York. Cassette with booklet. (
Songs of 60 species)
1984 Songs of Western
Birds. Dover Pub., New York. Cassette and booklet. (Field songs
of 60 species)
Borror, D.J., and W.W.H.
1985 Songs of the
Warblers of North America. 2 cassettes. 281 samples of songs
of 57 species. Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, New York.
Catchpole, C., and P.J.B.
1995 Bird Song: Biological
Themes and Variations. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,
New York. 248 pp.
Hardy, J.W., B. Coffey,
Jr., and G.B. Reynard
1989 Voices of the
New World Nightjars and Their Allies (Caprimulgiformes: Steatornithidae,
Nyctibiidae, and Caprimulgidae). 44 minute audio cassette plus brochure
with documentation. ARA Records, P.O. Box 12347, Gainesville, Florida
1990 Voices of the
New World Owls (Strigiformes: Tytonidae, Strigidae) 65 minute
audio-cassette. ARA Records, P.O. Box 12347, Gainesville, Florida
1991 Voices of New
World Pigeons and Doves. ARA Records, P.O. Box 12347, Gainesville,
Peterson, R.T. (Editor)
1991 A Field Guide
to Western Bird Songs. 3 cassettes: companion to Peterson
Field Guide to Western Birds. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.
Walton, R.K., and R.W.
1989 Birding by Ear;
Guide to Bird Song Identification. 3 CDs or 3 cassettes and
booklet. Available from American Birding Association, Colorado Springs,
1994 More Birding
by Ear: Eastern and Central. 3 CDs or 3 cassettes with booklet.
(Covers virtually all the warblers.)
An Introduction for the Amateur Naturalist. Prentice Hall, New
1976 Ducks, Geese &
Swans of North America. Revised expanded version of work by F.H.
Kortright. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. (Contains
much data on distribution and population status, migration, and breeding.
Maps are provided for each species on nesting and wintering areas
and migration corridors.)
Brown, L., and D. Amadon
1968 Eagles, Hawks,
and Falcons of the World. 2 volumes. Hamlyn Publishing Group
Limited, Middlesex. (A comprehensive account.)
Burton, P. et al
1973 Owls of the World.
E.P. Dutton and Co., New York. (Covers evolution, structure
and ecology; well illustrated with color photographs and drawings,
and includes distribution maps.)
Byers, C., J. Curson, and
Sparrows and Buntings.
A Guide to the Sparrows and Buntings of North America and the World.
Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
1982 The Falcons of
the World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. (A
review of the genus Falco with descriptions of many species
including their habitat, reproduction, population status and conservation.)
Chantler, P., and G. Driessens
1995 Swifts. A Guide
to The Swifts and Treeswifts of the World. Pica Press, Sussex.
Clement, P., A. Harris, and
1993 Finches & Sparrows.
An identification guide. Christopher Helm, A & C Black, London.
Davis, L.S., and J.T. Darby
1990 Penguin Biology.
Academic Press, San Diego.
1954 to 1964 The Waterfowl
of the World. Country Life Ltd., London. 4 volumes. 1973 reprint.
(Color plates and distribution maps.)
1977 A Natural History
of Owls. Hamlyn, London, New York. (Many excellent black and white
and color photographs.)
1984 The Starling.
Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.
1973 Parrots of the
World. Lansdowne Press, Australia. Inexpensive 1977 reprint
by T.F.H. Publications. (Beautiful illustrations by W.T. Cooper with
much information on the biology of parrots.)
1977 The Birds of Paradise
and Bower Birds. Collins, Sydney. (Beautifully illustrated by
Fry, C.H., K. Fry, and A.
1992 Kingfishers, Bee-eaters,
& Rollers. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Gerrard, J.M., and G.R. Bortolotti
1988 The Bald Eagle:
Haunts and Habits of a Wilderness Monarch. Smithsonian Institution
Press, Washington DC.
1982 Estrildid Finches
of the World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. (Detailed review
of a popular group of cagebirds; species accounts with bibliographies,
chapters on nomenclature, biology and behavior, feeding, and care
1983 Pigeons and Doves
of the World. 3rd ed. Comstock Pub. Associates, Ithaca, New York.
1986 Crows of the World.
2nd ed. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
1982 Gulls. A Guide
to Identification. Buteo Books, Vermillion, South Dakota. (Excellent
Griscom, L., and A. Sprunt,
Jr. et al
1979 The Warblers of
America. A popular account of the wood warblers as they occur
in the Western Hemisphere. Revised and updated version by Edgar M.
Reilly, Jr. Doubleday & Co. Inc., Garden City, New York.
Hancock, J., and H. Elliott
1978 The Herons of the
World. Harper & Row Publishers, New York. (A beautifully
Hancock, J., and J.A. Kushlan
1984 The Herons Handbook.
Harper & Row, New York. (A condensed and more generally available
version of the 1978 edition of The Herons of the World by Hancock
Hancock, J., J.A. Kushlan,
and M.P. Kahl
1992 Storks, Ibises
and Spoonbills of the World. Academic Press, London, San Diego.
Harrap, S., and D. Quinn
1993 Chickadees, Tits,
Nuthatches & Tree Creepers. Princeton University Press, New
1991 Owls of the World.
Running Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (distribution maps, list
1990 Seabirds of Hawaii.
Natural History and Conservation. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
Isler, M.L., and P.R.
1987 The Tanagers: Natural
history , Distribution and Identification. Smithsonian Institution
Press, Washington, D.C.
1973 Grouse and Quails
of North America. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln. (Comparative
biology of the groups and species accounts.)
1978 Ducks, Geese, and
Swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.
1981 Plovers, Sandpipers,
and Snipes of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.
1983 Cranes of the World.
Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
1987 Diving Birds of
North America. University of Nebraska Press, Bloomington.
(Comparative biology and species accounts of Loons, Grebes and Auks
with keys and an extensive bibliography.)
1988 North American
Owls. Biology and Natural History. Smithsonian Institution Press,
1990 Hawks, Eagles,
& Falcons of North America. Biology and Natural History. Smithsonian
Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Part one on biology and behavior;
part two devoted to species accounts.)
1991 Bustards, Hemipodes
and Sandgrouse. Birds of Dry Places. Oxford University Press,
1993 Cormorants, Darters,
and Pelicans of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington,
1997 Hummingbirds of
North America. 2nd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington,
D.C. (Comprehensive account.)
1995 The Hornbills (Bucerotiformes)
Bird Families of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.
Lambert, F., and M. Woodcock
1996 Pittas, Broadbills
and Asities. Pica Press, East Sussex, England.
Madge, S., and H. Burn
1994 Crows and Jays.
A Guide to the Crows, Jays and Magpies of the World. Houghton Mifflin
and Co., Boston, New York
1966 The Whooping Crane:
the Bird that Defies Extinction. E.P. Dutton and Co., New
York. (Interesting chapters on nest site location and attempts at
breeding Whooping Cranes in captivity.)
1979 Seabirds, their
Biology and Ecology. A. & W. Publishers, New York.
1985 Blackbirds of the
Americas. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. (A pictorial account with personal observations.)
1994 Penguins of the
World. Oxford University Press, Australia.
1996 Munias and Mannikins.
Yale University Press, New Haven and London.
1955 The Passenger Pigeon.
Its Natural History and Extinction. University of Wisconsin
1982 Woodpeckers of
the World. Delaware Museum of Natural History, Monograph No. 4.
Foris Publications, Cinnaminson, New Jersey.
1976 Penguins: Past
and Present, Here and There. Yale University Press, New Haven.
(The discovery of penguins, their evolutionary history with a review
of penguin biology, distribution, and factors threatening their existence.)
1973 The Life of the
Hummingbird. Crown Pub., New York. (An easy to read detailed account
of hummingbird behavior: how they eat, fly, breed, nest, vocalize
and protect themselves. Central American species are featured.)
1985 Life of the Woodpecker.
Ibis, California. (Woodpecker biology.)
1989 Life of the Tanager.
Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. (Tanager behavior and
1991 Life of the Pigeon.
Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. (Behavioral ecology, reproductive
aspects, pigeon-human relations, homing pigeons and navigation.)
1991 The Black-Capped
Chickadee. Behavioral Ecology and Natural History. Comstock Publishers
Associates, Ithaca, New York.
Soothill, E. and R.
1982 Wading Birds of
the World. Blandford Press, Poole, Dorset. (A series of species
accounts with large color photographs)
1986 The Bald Eagle.
Universe Books, New York. (Subjects include evolution, classification,
populations, distribution, feeding, eaglet biology, winter ecology,
diet, habitat use and interaction with man.)
1963 The House Sparrow.
Collins, London. (Study of sparrow behavior with chapters on
origin, distribution, and relationship with man.)
1953 The Herring Gull's
World. Collins, London. (An observational and experimental
study of the social behavior of gulls.)
1979 Waterfowl: Ducks,
Geese & Swans of the World. Sea World Press, San Diego, CA.
(Excellent photographs of most species.)
1973 Cranes of the World.
Winchester Press, New York. (Chapters on each of 15 species; extensive
1995 The Penguins
Spheniscidae. Bird Families of the World Series. Oxford
university Press, Oxford and New York.
Winkler, H., D.A. Christie
and D. Nurney
1995 Woodpeckers. A
Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston,
1989 Animal Behavior:
An Evolutionary Approach. 4th edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland,
Massachusetts. (includes much information on bird behavior.)
1947 Bird Display
and Behavior. Lindsay Drummond, London. (An introduction
to the study of bird psychology. Extensive coverage of the
literature on reproductive behavior.)
1919 to 1968 Life
Histories of North American Birds. 23 vols. U.S. National Museum
Bulletin, Washington, D.C. (Although some accounts are verbose and
repetitive, the volumes contain information not easily found elsewhere
in a single source. They are a good starting place for the study
of the life history of any North American bird. Available as Dover
paperback reprints, but more than half of those are out of print.)
1975 The Evolution
of Behavior. Norton, New York. (Mostly about birds.)
Burger, J., and B.L. Olla
1984 Behavior of Marine
Animals. Vol. 5, Shorebirds: Breeding Behavior and Populations;
Vol. 6, Shorebirds: Migration and Foraging Behavior. Plenum
Press, New York and London.
1974 Competition and
the Structure of Bird Communities. Princeton University
Press, Princeton. (Among the topics discussed: resource division
and the niche, niche overlap, the variable competitive environment,
parallel and convergent evolution, etc.)
DeGraaf, R.M., and J.H.
1995 Neotropical Migratory
Birds: Natural History, Distribution, and Population Change.
Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, New York.
1961 The Migrations
of Birds. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. (Discussion of
migrations in all parts of the world; topics include modes of migration,
hibernation, stimuli for migration, orientation, and evolution of
Elphick, J. (Editor)
1995 Collins Atlas
of Bird Migration: Tracing the Great Journeys of the World's
Birds. Harper Collins, London.
Farner, D.S., J.R. King
and K.C. Parkes (Editors)
1971 to 1985 Avian
Biology. Academic Press, New York. 8 volumes with additional
volumes to come. (Among the numerous topics covered, each presented
in separate essays with a bibliography, are the following: classification,
origin and evolution, paleontology, sea bird ecology, biology of
desert birds, molt, blood vascular system, respiratory function,
digestion, reproduction, vision, endocrine glands, neuro- endocrinology,
flight, migration, incubation, zoogeography, mating systems, domestication,
1980 Animal Migration,
Orientation and Navigation. Academic Press, New York.
1968 Bird Song: Acoustics
and Physiology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
(Technical study based on the analysis of oscillograms. Includes
2 records of bird song, with a narrative by the author.)
1964 Bird Migration.
Doubleday & Co., Garden City, New York. ( 1974 reprint by Dover
Pub. An excellent short introduction to migration by a leading
researcher in the field; includes use of radar, homing experiments,
and celestial navigation.)
1986 The Migrations
of Hawks. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
(Summary of New World hawk migration literature with current status.)
Hinde, R.A. (Editor)
1969 Bird Vocalizations.
University Press, Cambridge. (A series of essays dealing with various
aspects of vocalizations: physical, physiological, functional, evolutionary,
literary and esthetic. Technical work.)
1984 Bird Sounds and
Their Meaning. Reprint, 1977. Cornell University Press,
Ithaca, New York.
1996 Lives of North
American Birds. Houghton Mifflin, Boston and New York. (Life
histories for 680 species.)
1966 Population Studies
of Birds. Clarendon Press, Oxford. (Discusses breeding
seasons, clutch size, density- dependent mortality and territory
in relation to current views on how animal numbers are determined
in nature. Pen and ink drawings and photographs.)
1971 Ecological Isolation
in Birds. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford and
Cambridge. (Discusses the mechanisms by which closely related birds
live together without competing.)
1968 Bird Navigation.
University Press, Cambridge. (Technical discussion of the physical
bases of bird navigation and various theories in the field; extensive
Morton, E., and J. Page
1992 Animal Talk:
Science and the Voices of Nature. Random House, New York. (Animal
communication and sound production.)
National Geographic Society
1983 The Wonder of
Birds. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC. (Mainly
photographs showing diversity of bird behavior.)
1977 Bird Flight.
Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York.
1993 The Lives of
Birds. Birds of the world and their behavior. Henry Holt and
Co., New York.
1996 The Minds of
Birds. Texas A & M University Press, College Station.
1961 Bird-Song: The
Biology of Vocal Communication and Expression in Birds.
University Press, Cambridge. (A survey of the biology of birdsong,
emphasizing experimental techniques.)
1953 Social Behavior
in Animals. Methuen and Co. Ltd., London.(Covers mating behavior,
family and group life, fighting, social cooperation, relations between
different species and evolutionary aspects of social organization.
67 black and white line drawings and 8 black and white plates.)
1996 The Origin and
Evolution of Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven. (Excellent
reference work on fossil birds.)
1986 Ecology and Evolution
of Darwin's Finches. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
(Long term field studies of finch population in the Galapagos and
treatment of the ecological and evolutionary processes influencing
diversification of this group.)
1947 Darwin's Finches.
University Press at Cambridge. (Authoritative account of evolution
in the Galapagos archipelago.)
1997 Avian Molecular
Evolution and Systematics. Academic Press, San Diego. (Technical
treatment: molecular genetics, morphology.)
- BIRDS and MAN
1975 The Life and Lore
of the Bird in Nature, Art, Myth, and Literature. Crown
Publishers, New York.
1982 Game Bird Carving.
New revised edition. Winchester Press, Tulsa, Oklahoma. (Contains
some 800 photographs and detailed instructions.)
1981 Introduced Birds
of the World: The Worldwide History, Distribution and Influence
of Birds Introduced to New Environments. Universe Books, New
York. (Presents accounts of 425 introduced species; drawings and maps
showing range and points of introduction are included.)
1980 Cage & Aviary
Birds. Collins, London. (Topics include the history of bird
keeping, choosing a bird, housing, feeding, breeding canaries, budgerigars,
seedeaters, parrots, softbills.)
1983 Encyclopedia of
Aviculture. Keeping and Breeding Birds. Arco Publications
Inc., New York.
1986 Garden Birds.
How to attract birds to your garden. Rodale Press, Emmaus, Pennsylvania.
Stefferud, A., and A.L. Nelson
1966 Birds in Our Lives.
U.S. Department of the Interior, BSFW, FWS. Washington, DC. (History
of birds and many aspects of their relationship with man in the arts,
sports, science, and nature.)
Beissinger, S.R., and N.
1992 New World Parrots
in Crisis- Solution from Conservation Biology. Smithsonian Institution
Press, Washington, DC. (Based on the symposium, The Conservation Crisis
of New World Parrots held in 1990; contains 11 chapters that include
causes, pressures, aviculturalists' role, captive breeding, reintroduction,
pet trade, solutions.)
Collar, N.J., and P. Andrew
1988 Birds to Watch.
The ICBP World Checklist of Threatened Birds. ICBP Technical Publication
No. 8. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
Collar, N.J., and S.N. Stuart
1985 Threatened Birds
of Africa and Related Islands. The ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book, Part
1, 3rd edition. International Council for Bird Preservation, 219c
Huntingdon Rd., Cambridge CB3ODL, United Kingdom. 761 pp.
Collar, N.J., L.P. Gonzaga,
N. Krabbe, et al
1993 Threatened Birds
of the Americas. The ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book, Part 2, 3rd edition.
International Council for Bird Preservation, Smithsonian Institution
Press, Washington, DC.
Collar, N.J., M.J. Crosby,
and A.J. Stattersfield
1994 Birds to Watch
2. The World List of Threatened Birds. Revised Edition.
Birdlife International and the Smithsonian Press, Washington, DC.
(1200 birds identified with brief details on distribution, habitat,
population numbers and trends.)
1991 Seabird - Status
and Conservation: A Supplement. ICBP Technical Publication No.
11, Cambridge, England.
Croxall, J.P., P.G. H. Evans,
and R.W. Schreiber (Editors)
1984 Status and Conservation
of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2, Cambridge,
Davis, W.H., and P. Roca
1995 Bluebirds and Their
Survival. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington.
1990 Return of the Whooping
Crane. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Very readable account
of the problems facing biologists, conservationists, Federal agencies
and interested laymen trying to save species from extinction.)
Ehrlich, P.R., D.S. Dobkin
and D. Wheye
1992 Birds in Jeopardy.
Stanford University Press, California. (Rare and extinct birds)
1995 Bring Back the
Birds: what you can do to save threatened species. Stackpole Books,
Greenway, J.C., Jr.
1967 Extinct and Vanishing
Birds of the World. 2nd revised edition. Dover Publications, New
York. (A comprehensive study of extinct and threatened birds.
Some of the content is out-dated; see King citation.)
Keast, A., and E. Morton
1980 Migrant Birds in
the Neotropics: Ecology, Behavior, Distribution, and Conservation:
Proceedings of a Symposium held at the Conservation and Research Center,
National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, October 27-29,
1977. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
King, W.B. (Compiler)
1981 Endangered Birds
of the World. ICBP Bird Red Data Book. Smithsonian
Institution Press and International Council for Bird Preservation,
Washington, D.C. (Reprinted, revised and updated text of Vol. II Aves
in the Red Data Book series of the International Union for the Conservation
of Nature and Natural Resources [IUCN] in paperbound version.)
1988 Rare Birds of the
World. The Stephen Greene Press, Lexington, Massachusetts. (First
section covers evolution of birds, threats to them, environmental
degradation and history of bird protection; second section gives species
accounts treated by regions. Appendices tabulate status, range and
listing on CITES and lists all birds known to become extinct since
Stotz, D.F., and J.W. Fitzpatrick,
T.A. Parker, and D.K. Moskovits
1996 Neotropical Birds:
ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Temple, S.A. (Editor)
1978 Endangered Birds,
Management Techniques for Preserving Threatened Species. Proceedings
of a Symposium. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. (Technical.)
1983 Bird Conservation
Yearbook. Yearbook of the U.S. Section of the ICBP.
University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. (First of an annual
1985 Bird Conservation
2. University Press, Madison. (Island birds of the
1989 Where Have All
the Birds Gone? Essays on the biology and conservation of birds
that migrate to American tropics. Princeton University Press, New
Jersey. (Includes missing songbird migrants, crucial habitats, deforestation,
Tucker, G., M. Heath, L.
Tomialojc, and R. Grimmett
1994 Birds in Europe
Their Conservation Status. Birdlife International and Smithsonian
Press. Washington, DC. (Review of the conservation status of birds
in the European Palaearctic, Turkey, and Greenland; includes range
maps, tables, trends, major threats and measures needed to conserve
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
1973 on Endangered and
Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Division of Endangered Species,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC. (Contains the names
of all species of wildlife which have been determined by the Services
to be endangered or threatened.) Copies may be obtained from the Publication
Unit, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 130-WEBB, Washington, DC 20240.
1983 Kirtland's Warbler.
The Natural History of an Endangered Species. Cranbrook Institute
of Sciences, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.
1992 A Shadow and a
Song. The struggle to save an endangered species. Chelsea Green
Publishing Company, Vermont. (Story of the life and death of the Dusky
Wege, D.C., and A.J. Long
1994 Priority Areas
for Threatened Birds in the Neotropics. Birdlife International
and the Smithsonian Institution Press. (Mexico south including major
Rickert, J.E. (Editor)
1978 A Guide to North American Bird Clubs. Avian Pub. Inc.,
Kentucky (Cites birding reports, publications, field trips and meetings
of clubs in each state with the addition of Canada and Mexico. May
be somewhat dated, but it is the only book of its kind.)
SOCIETIES, and CLUBS : A Selection
Published by the National Audubon Society, 950 Third Ave.,
New York, New York 10022 documenting occurrence and abundance of species
on an annual basis. Superseded in 1994 by the National Audubon
Society Field Notes which similarly publishes same information
AUK: Published by
the American Ornithologists' Union, National Museum
of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560,
this quarterly journal reports original scientific research related
to birds. Available through membership in the A.O.U.
BIRD CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL:
Published for the ICBP by Cambridge University Press. Subscription
inquiries to Cambridge University Press, 40 West 20th St., New York,
NY 10011. Features major conservation issues facing birds, threatened
species and their habitats.
BIRDING: A popular
journal with articles on identification and where to find birds, published
bi-monthly by the American Birding Association. Membership
inquiries should be sent to American Birding Association, Box 6599,
Colorado Springs, Colorado 80934; Tel. 800-634-7736.
by the Cooper Ornithological Society. For membership
information, write to Ornithological Societies of North America (OSNA),
P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, Kansas 66044-8897.
OF FIELD ORNITHOLOGY: A continuation of BIRD BANDING, published
by the Association of Field Ornithologists, Inc. Membership information
is available from Ornithological Societies of North
America (OSNA), P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, Kansas 66044-8897.
THE ORNITHOLOGICAL NEWSLETTER
ON-LINE: An on-line newsletter provided by the Ornithological Societies of North
WATERBIRDS (formerly COLONIAL WATERBIRDS):
Published twice a year by the Waterbird
Society. Membership inquires should be addressed to:
Christine M. Custer
Upper Mississippi Environmental Sciences Center
2630 Fanta Reed Rd.
La Crosse, WI 54603 USA
Information on activities of society on web page, http://www.nmnh.si.edu/BIRDNET/
(Articles on the ecology, biology, management, status and populations
Published quarterly by the Wilson
Ornithological Society. Membership inquiries: sLaurie Goodrich,
Route 2 Box 301A, New Ringgold, PA 17960-9445; e-mail email@example.com.
Prepared by the Department
of Vertebrate Zoology,
National Museum of Natural History, in cooperation with Public Inquiry Services,
November 1997 edition