Smithsonian

Home › Encyclopedia Smithsonian › Science and Technology
Share this page

Useful References on Polar Bears and Marine & Sea Otters

 

The National Museum of Natural History receives numerous requests from the general public, universities, public and private institutions, and professionals for information on Polar Bears, Marine and Sea Otters. This bibliography is meant to serve as an introductory guide to that subject listing publications which for the most part are in print or available from technical information services. Popular references include magazine articles and several references appropriate to young school children. Additional technical references may be located in technical journals and indices such as the Journal of Mammalogy, Wildlife Review, Zoological Record, Biological Abstracts and the Canadian Journal of Zoology.

The publications listed are not available from the Smithsonian Institution. They can be obtained from most large public or university libraries or can be requested through an interlibrary loan.

Polar Bear catching a tossed fish. Table of Contents:

Polar Bears - Technical

Amstrup, S.C., I. Stirling, and J.W. Lentfer 1986 Past and present status of polar bears in Alaska. Wildlife Society Bulletin, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 241-254. (Population trends and implications.)

Barnes, L.G., D.P. Domning, and C.E. Ray
1985 Status of studies on fossil marine mammals. Marine Mammal Science, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 15-53. (Includes fossil polar bears.)

Demaster, D.P. and I. Stirling 1981 Ursus maritimus (Polar Bear). American Society of Mammalogists, Mammalian Species, No. 145, pp. 1-7, 8 May 1981.

1984 The estimation of survival and litter size of polar bear cubs. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 5, pp. 260-263.

Ewer, R.F. 1973 The Carnivores. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. 494 pp.

Harington, C.R. 1968 Denning Habits of the Polar Bear. (Ursus maritimus Phipps). Canadian Wildlife Service Report Series No. 5, Queens Printer, Ottawa. 30 pp., illus.

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 1970 Polar Bears. Proceedings of the 2nd Working Meeting of Polar Bear Specialists organized by the IUCN at Morges, Switzerland, 2-4 February, 1970. Supplementary Paper No. 29. 88 pp.

1972 Bears, Their Biology and Management. S. Herrero, editor. Papers and Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Bear Research and Management, Calgary, Alberta, 6-9 November, 1970. IUCN Publications New Series No. 23. 372 pp. (60 papers on polar bears.)

1972 Polar Bears. Proceedings of the Third Working Meeting of the Polar Bear Specialist Group organized by the Survival Service Commission of IUCN, 7-10 February, 1972. Morges, Switzerland. Supplementary Paper No. 35. 97 pp.

1976 Polar Bears. Proceedings of the Fifth Working Meeting of the Polar Bear Specialist Group 3-5 December, 1974. IUCN, Morges, Switzerland. Supplementary Paper No. 42. 105 pp.

1976 Bears- Their Biology and Management. M.R. Pelton, J. Lentfer, and G.E. Folk, editors. Papers of the Third International Conference on Bear Research and Management. Binghamton, New York, U.S.A. and Moscow, U.S.S.R. June 1974. IUCN Publications New Series No. 40. 467 pp., bl. and wh. photographs.

1980 Polar Bears. Proceedings of the Seventh Working Meeting of the Polar Bear Specialist Group, Artisk Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark, 30 January 1 to February 1, 1979 and Proceedings of the Sixth working Meeting of the Polar Bear Specialist Group, IUCN headquarters, Switzerland, 7-10 Dec., 1976. Gland. 204 pp.

1985 Polar Bears. Proceedings of the Eighth Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group, January 1981. J. Tener, Chairman. Cambridge University Press. 151 pp. (Available from IUCN Publ. Ser., Ave. Mont-Blanc, CH 1196 Gland, Switzerland. Includes papers on age determination, satellite radio-tracking between Svalbard and Greenland, behavior of polar bears with cubs, polar bear research and conservation in the USSR, and others.)

1987 Polar Bears. Proceedings of the Ninth Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group, August 1985. 152 pp. (Available from UNIPUB, 4611-F Assembly Drive, Lanham, MD 20706-4391. Summaries of research and management efforts of various countries; includes reproductive ecology, radio and satellite tracking, remote sensing, and identification of research and management priorities.)

Jonkel, C.J., J.W. Lentfer, S.M. Uspenski, and C. Vibe 1975 Problems in the circumpolar study of polar bears (Ursus maritimus Phipps). Proceedings Circumpolar Conference on Northern Ecology, Ottawa, Vol. II, pp. 119-128.

Kolz, A.L., J.W. Lentfer, and H.G. Fallek 1980 Satellite radio tracking of polar bears instrumented in Alaska. In C.J. Amlaner, Jr. and D.W. Macdonald, editors, A Handbook on Biotelemetry and Radio Tracking, pp. 743-752.

Larsen, R. 1971 Capturing, handling and marking polar bears in Norway. Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 27-36.

1978 The World of the Polar Bear. Hamlyn Pub. Group Ltd., London, New York. 95 pp. (Mythology, natural history, and conservation efforts.)

1985 Polar bear denning and cub production in Svalbard, Norway. Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 320-326.

Lentfer, J.W. 1975 Polar bear denning on drifting sea ice. Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 716-718.

1982 Polar bears. In J.P. Chapman and G.A. Feldhamer,editors, Wild Mammals of North America. Biology, Management, Economics, pp. 557-566.

1985 Specialist group with a difference. Species Survival Commission Newsletter, Vol. 5, pp. 7-8. (Report from the Polar Bear Specialist Group.)

Lono, O. 1970 The Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus Phipps) in the Svalbard Area. Skrifter No. 149. Norsk Polar Instititt, Oslo. 103 pp.

Manning, T.H. 1964 Age Determination in the Polar Bear, Ursus maritimus Phipps. Occasional Papers No. 5. Canadian Wildlife Service, National Parks Branch, Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources. 12 pp.

1971 Geographical Variation in the Polar Bear Ursus maritimus. Report Series 13. Canadian Wildlife Service. 37 pp.

Martinka, C.J. and K.S. McArthur (Editors) 1980 Bears, Their Biology and Management. Papers and Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Bear Research and Management, 20-24 February 1977. Bear Biology Association, Kalispell, Montana. 375 pp., illus.

Nero, R.W. 1971 The Great White Bears. Department of Mines Resources and Environmental Management, Winnipeg, Canada. 19 pp., illus.

Ramsay, M.A. and I. Stirling 1986 Long term effects of drugging and handling free-ranging polar bears. Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 50, No. 4, pp. 619-626.

1986 On the mating system of polar bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. 64, No. 10, pp. 2142-2151.

Stirling, I. 1974 Midsummer observations on the behavior of wild polar bears (Ursus maritimus). Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. 52, No. 9, pp. 1191-1198.

Stirling, I., C. Jonkel, P. Smith, R. Robertson, and D. Cross 1977 The Ecology of the Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Along the Western Coast of Hudson Bay. Canadian Wildlife Series Occasional Paper 33. 64 pp.

Stirling, I. and H.P.L. Kiliaan 1980 Population Ecology Studies of the Polar Bear in Northern Labrador. Occasional Paper Number 42. Canadian Wildlife Service, Edmonton. 21 pp.

Stirling, I., W. Calvert, and D. Andriashek 1980 Population Ecology Studies of the Polar Bear in the Area of Southeastern Baffin Island. Occasional Paper Number 44. Canadian Wildlife Service, Edmonton. 33 pp.

1984 Polar bear (Ursus maritimus) ecology and environmental considerations in the Canadian High Arctic. In R. Olson, R. Hastings, and F. Geddes, editors, Northern Ecology and Resource Management, University of Alberta Press, pp. 201-222.

Stirling, I. and W. Calvert 1983 Environmental threats to marine mammals in the Canadian Arctic. Polar Record, Vol. 21, No. 134, pp. 433-449.

Stirling, I., and M.A. Ramsay 1986 Polar bears in Hudson Bay and Foxe Basin: present knowledge and research. In I.P. Martini, editor, Canadian Inland Sea, pp. 341-354.

Taylor, M., T. Larsen, and R.E. Schweinsburg 1985 Observations of intraspecific aggression and cannibalism in polar bears (Ursus maritimus). Arctic, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 303-309.

U.S. Department of the Interior 1974+ Administration and Status Report of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, June 22, 1973 to June, 1974. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC (Series of annual status reports; includes review of polar bear, sea and marine otters.)

Uspenski, S.M. (Editor) 1977 The Polar Bear and Its Conservation in the Soviet Arctic. Central Laboratory on Nature Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR, Moscow. 116 pp. (Collection of scientific papers; in Russian.)

Uspenski, S.M. 1977 Belyy Medved. [The Polar Bear] Nauka, Moscow. 80 pp., illus. (General account of habits, distribution, and conservation measures; in Russian, but summaries are in English.)

Uspenski, S.M. and S.E. Belikov 1985 Polar bear research and conservation in the USSR: 1979-1980. In Polar Bears: Proceedings of the Eighth Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group., pp. 129-141.

Return to Table of Contents

Polar Bears - Popular

Brown, V. 1976 Sea Mammals and Reptiles of the Pacific Coast. MacMillan Pub. Co., New York. 265 pp., black and white illus. (Polar Bear: pp. 3-19.)

Bruemmer, F. 1979 Never trust Nanook. International Wildlife, Vol. 9, No. 9, July-August 1979, pp. 20-27.

1984 How polar bears break the ice. Natural History, Vol. 93, No. 12, December 1984, pp. 38-46. (Bears in Churchill, Manitoba, the west coast of Hudson Bay.)

Cook, S. 1977 A Closer Look at Bears and Pandas. Franklin Watts, New York. 30 pp., color illus. (For elementary school children.)

Cousteau, J.Y. 1973 Mammals in the Sea. Ocean world of Jacques Cousteau. World Pub. Co., New York. 144 pp.

Davids, R.C. 1978 The Hudson Bay polar bears. Smithsonian, Vol. 8, No. 11, February 1978, pp. 70-79.

Davids, R.C. 1982 Lords of the Arctic: A Journey Among the Polar Bears. MacMillan, New York. (Readable account of the life history of polar bears; includes recent research and recollections of Arctic explorers.)

Grzimek, B. (Editor) 1975 Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. Vol. 12, Mammals III. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. 657 pp. (Polar Bear: pp. 127-139.)

Haley, D. (Editor) 1986 Marine Mammals of Eastern North Pacific and Arctic Waters. Revised and enlarged 2nd edition. Pacific Search Press, Seattle, Washington. 295 pp., black and white and color photographs.

Johnson, S.A. 1976 Animals of the Polar Regions. Lerner Pub. Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota. 28 pp. (For elementary school children.)

Koch, T.J. 1975 The Year of the Polar Bear. Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indianapolis. 155 pp., photographs.

Larsen, T. 1971 Polar bear: lonely nomad of the north. National Geographic, Vol. 139, No. 4, April 1971, pp.574-590.

1978 The World of the Polar Bear. Hamlyn Pub. Group Ltd., London, New York. 95 pp. (Mythology, natural history, and conservation efforts.)

1984 We've saved the ice bear. International Wildlife, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 4-11. (Natural history of polar bears and the 5 nation agreement to protect them.)

Lentfer, J.W. 1979 Solitary sea bear. Oceans, Vol. 12, No. 5, September-October 1979, pp. 49-54.

Martin, R.M. 1977 Mammals of the Oceans. G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 208 pp., black and white and color photographs.

McClung, R.M. 1978 Hunted Mammals of the Sea. W. Morrow and Co., New York. 191 pp., illus.

McDearmon, K. 1976 Polar Bear. Dodd Mead and Co., New York. 46 pp. (Fictionalized account for children.)

Miles, H. and M. Salisbury 1985 Kingdom of the Ice Bear. University of Texas Press, Austin. 223 pp. (Ecology of the Arctic region.)

Mills, W. 1984 White lords of the Arctic. Sea Frontiers, Vol. 30, No. 6, November-December, 1984, pp. 348-358. (Hudson Bay's polar bears at Cape Churchill.)

National Geographic Society 1978 Polar bears: furry giants of the far north. National Geographic World, Vol. 29, February 1978, pp. 6-9.

Nowak, R.M. and J.L. Paradiso 1983 Walker's Mammals of the World. 2 Vols. 4th revised edition of Mammals of the World by E.P. Walker. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London. (Polar Bears: Vol. 2, pp. 972-974)

Pedersen, A. 1962 Polar Animals. George G. Harrap and Co. Ltd., London, Toronto. 188 pp., black and white photographs.

Perry, R. 1967 The World of the Polar Bear. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 195 pp., illus.

Ray, G.C. 1981 Wildlife of the Polar Regions. Wildlife Habitat Series. Harry N. Abrams, New York. 232 pp.

Severy, M. (Editor) 1960 Wild Animals of North America. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC. 400 pp., black and white and color photographs. (Polar Bear: pp. 158-159.)

Tanner, O. 1976 Bears and Other Carnivores. Time Life Films Inc., New York. 128 pp., illus.

Time-Life Editors 1974 Vanishing Species. Time-Life Books, New York. 264 pp., color photographs.

Wiley, J.P. Jr. 1986 Polar bear capital of the world. Smithsonian, Vol.16, No. 12, March 1986, pp. 40-51. (Polar bears of Hudson Bay and their movements through Manitoba's Cape Churchill.)

Return to Table of Contents

 


Smithsonian Information
202.633.1000 (voice)
e-mail: info@si.edu

 

Terms of Use | Privacy