Home › Encyclopedia Smithsonian › Science and Technology
Share this page

Selected Bibliography for Identifying Clocks and Watches

Collection images powered by the Smithsonian Institution EDAN Widgets

Information or research assistance regarding clocks and watches is frequently requested from the Smithsonian Institution. The following information has been prepared to assist those interested in this topic.


Baillie, G.H., and Brian Loomes. Watchmakers and Clockmakers of the World. 2 vols. London: N.A.G. Press, Ltd., 1988.

Britten, Frederick James. The Antique Collectors Club Edition of Old Clocks and Watches and Their Makers. 3d ed. rev. Woodbridge, England: Antique Collector's Club, 1977.

Bruton, Eric. History of Clocks and Watches. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1979.

Ehrhardt, Roy. Foreign and American Pocket Watch Identification and Price Guide. Kansas City, MO: Heart of America Press, 1976.

Moore, N. Hudson. The Old Clock Book. New York: Frederick A. Stoker, 1911.

Nutting, Wallace. The Clock Book. New York: Garden City Publishing Co., Inc., 1935.

Smith, Alan ed. The Country Life International Dictionary of Clocks. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1979.


Burrows, G.E. Canadian Clocks and Clockmakers. Oshawa, Ontario: Published by the author, 1973.

Langdon, J.E. Clock and Watchmakers and Allied Workers in Canada, 1700-1900. Canada: Anson-Cartwright, 1976.


Beeson, C.F.C. Clockmaking in Oxfordshire, 1400-1850. Ramsgate, England: Antiquarian Horological Society, 1967.

Bellchambers, Jack Kenneth. Devonshire Clockmakers. Totnes, England: Devonshire Press Ltd., 1962.

______. Somerset Clockmakers. Ramsgate, England: Antiquarian Horological Society, 1968.

Brown, Howard M. Cornish Clocks and Clockmakers. Newton Abbot, England: David and Charles, 1970.

Daniell, John. Leicestershire Clockmakers. Leicestershire, England: Leicestershire Museums, Art Galleries and Records Service, 1975.

Hagger, Arthur L., and Leonard F. Miller. Suffolk Clocks and Clockmakers. Ticehurst, England: Antiquarian Horological Society, 1974.

Loomes, Brian. Lancashire Clocks and Clockmakers. North Pomfret, VT: David and Charles, 1976.

______. Westmoreland Clocks and Clockmakers. North Pomfret, VT: David and Charles, 1974.

______. Yorkshire Clockmakers. Clapham, England: The Dalesman Publishing Company, Ltd., 1972.

Mason, Bernard. Clock and Watchmaking in Colchester, England. Feltham, England: Country Life, Ltd., 1969.

Penfold, John B. Clockmakers of Cumberland. Ashford, England: Brant Wright Association, Ltd., 1977.


Allix, Charles. Carriage Clocks. Woodbridge, England: Baron Publishing, 1974.

Dictionnaire des Horlogers Français. Paris: Tardy, 1971-72.

La Pendule Française. 3d ed. 3 vols. Paris: Tardy, 1961.


Bender, Gerd. Die Uhrenmacher des hohen Schwarzwaldes und ihre Werke. Villingen/Schwarzwald: Verlag Muller, 1975.

Jüttemann, Herbert. Die Schwarzwalduhr. Braunschweig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1972.

Maurice, Klaus. Die deutsche Räderuhr. 2 vols. Munich: Verlag C.H. Beck, 1976.

Tyler, Eric John. Black Forest Clocks. London: N.A.G. Press, 1977.

The Netherlands

Sellink, J.L. Dutch Antique Domestic Clocks. Bronxville, NY: Clock Trade Enterprises, 1973.


Fennell, Geraldine. A List of Irish Watch and Clock Makers. Dublin: Stationery Office, 1963.


Morpurgo, Enrico. Dizionario degli Orologiai Italiani, 1300-1880. Rome: Edizioni "La Clessidra," 1950.


Siedlecka, Wieslawa. Polskie Zegary. Warsaw: Zaklad Narodowy im. Ossolinskich, 1974.


Chenakal, Valentin L. Watchmakers and Clockmakers in Russia, 1400-1850. W.F. Ryan, trans. Ramsgate, England: Antiquarian Horological Society, 1972.


Smith, John. A Handbook and Directory of Old Scottish Clockmakers from 1453-1850. Edinburgh, 1903. Reprint. New York: British Book Centre, 1975.


Jaquet, Eugène, and Alfred Chapuis. Technique and History of the Swiss Watch. 2d ed. London: Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd., 1970.

United States

Bailey, Chris H. Two Hundred Years of American Clocks and Watches. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., A Rutledge Book, 1975.

Beckman, Elizabeth D. Cincinnati Silversmiths, Jewelers, Watch & Clockmakers. Cincinnati: B.B. and Co., 1975.

Carlisle, Lilian Baker. Vermont Clock and Watchmakers, Silversmiths, and Jewelers 1788-1878. Burlington, VT: Stinehour Press, 1970.

Criss, David. Collectors Price Guide to American Pocket Watches. 7th ed. Imlay City, MI: Criss and Son Enterprises, 1985.

Distin, William H., and Robert Bishop. The American Clock: A Comprehensive Pictorial Survey, 1723-1900. New York: E.P. Dutton and Co., 1976.

Drost, William E. Clocks and Watches of New Jersey. Elizabeth, NJ: Engineering Publishers, 1966.

Edwards, John. The Complete Checklist of American Clock and Watchmakers 1640-1950. Stratford, CT: New England Publishing Co., 1977.

Eckhardt, George H. Pennsylvania Clocks and Clockmakers. New York: Devin-Adair Co., 1955.

Ehrhardt, Roy, and William F. Meggers. Identification and Price Guide to American Pocket Watches from Beginning to End. Kansas City, MO: Heart of America Press, 1987.

______. American Pocket Watch Identification and Price Guide. Kansas City, MO: Heart of America Press, 1974.

Gibbs, James W. Buckeye Horology. Columbia, PA: Art Crafters, 1971.

______. Shaker Clockmakers. Columbia, PA: National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, Inc., 1972.

Hoopes, Penrose R. Connecticut Clockmakers of the 18th Century. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1930.

James, Arthur Edwin. Chester County Clocks and Their Makers. West Chester, PA: Chester County Historical Society, 1947.

National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors Supplement #5. Clockmakers of the Concord, Massachusetts Community. Columbia, PA: National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, Inc., 1967.

Palmer, Brooks. The Book of American Clocks. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1950.

______. A Treasury of American Clocks. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1967.

Parsons, Charles S. New Hampshire Clocks and Clockmakers. Exeter, NH: Adams Brown Co., 1976.

Roberts, Kenneth D. Connecticut Clock Technology of Joseph Ives 1810-1862. Bristol, CT: American Clock and Watch Museum, 1970.

______. Eli Terry and the Connecticut Shelf Clock. Bristol, CT: K. Roberts Publishing Co., 1973.

Swedberg, Robert W. American Clocks and Clockmakers. Radnor, PA: Wallace-Homestead Book Co, 1989.

Townsend, George E. Almost Everything You Wanted to Know about Watches and Didn't Know Who to Ask. Vienna, VA: published by the author, 1970.

Wood, Stacy B.C., Stephen E. Kramer, and John J. Snyder. Clockmakers of Lancaster County [PA] and Their Clocks 1750-1850. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1977.


Peate, Iorwerth Cyfeiliog. Clock and Watch Makers in Wales. Cardiff: The National Museum of Wales, Welsh Folk Museum, 1960.


de Carle, Donald. Watch and Clock Encyclopedia. New York: Bonanza Books, 1977.

Grimwade, Arthur G. London Goldsmiths 1697-1837: Their Marks and Lives. 2d ed. Boston: Faber and Faber, 1982.


Ehrhardt, Roy. Trademarks, Watch Cases, Pocket Watches, Precious Stones, Diamonds. Kansas City, MO: Heart of America Press, 1976.

Kochmann, Karl. Clockmaking in Europe: German, Austrian, Swiss, French Trademarks. Concord, CA: Antique Clock Publishing, 1977.

Watch Cases

Niebling, Warren H. History of the American Watch Case. Philadelphia: Whitmore Publishing Co., 1971.

Prepared by the Engineering and Industry Collections
in cooperation with Public Inquiry Services,
Smithsonian Institution


Smithsonian Information
202.633.1000 (voice)


Terms of Use | Privacy